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evacuation was not a great succes

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Introduction

Section B Before the war broke out in 1939, predictions of how many bombs would be dropped. The government predicted that 3500 tons of bombs could be dropped each day. The British government felt that a war was close to break out. The British government start making plans of defending their next generation. A way of defending them was by evacuating them out of the cities and into places where it was safe. This was to make sure the children could carry on the war if they needed to. In 1939 a major propaganda campaign started to make parents make children leave the cities. Most parents accepted evacuation and were sent into countries where it was safe and where foster parents looked after them. Most of the foster parents where criticised. During 1939 to 1940 there was not much action; this was called the phoney war. During this time many stopped wearing gas masks and children went back into cities, because they were homesick and nothing dangerous happened in the cities. The government tried to stop this from happening but with no success. Sources B and E suggests that evacuation was not a success. Source tells B you about a teacher remembering being evacuated with children from her school. The purpose of this source is to let you think how peoples felt about being evacuated. ...read more.

Middle

Also he is worried that if he got killed there would be plenty of his family in his area to look after his son however this wouldn't be the case if his child were evacuated. This source is reliable as it was an interview with a father in May 1940, which couldn't have been bias, because it is an extract from a Mass Observation Survey. This source is also very useful as it tells you how some areas thought about evacuation and how they had one whole view as an area. However some sources say that evacuation was a success. Source A is a photograph taken in September 1939 of evacuees walking to the station in London. We can see on the picture that the children were clearly happy, waving, smiling. This picture shows an organised and successful event to the people who may be looking at the photograph. So at first glance you could conclude that evacuation was successful, however there is not enough in this source to say that it was. The children and adults in this picture may only be smiling due to a natural reaction to the camera, so in reality the subjects in the picture may very well be unhappy at the fact they that have to be evacuated. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion evacuation was not a success, because the sources B and E are more reliable, because source B is a statement of a teacher that was there at that time and tells her experience about it. In source A for example is probably taken by the government to show how great evacuation was. It shows that the children were happy which could be propaganda and in source B says that the children were too afraid to talk. Source E is about an interview which was an extract from a Mass Observation Survey which is also against evacuation. Overall the sources that are against evacuation are more reliable than the sources for evacuation. Another reason why evacuation was not a great success is, because when the children left from the major cities and reached their destination, they were herded together and they were put on a show for their foster parents to choose from. This was very harsh to children, who had just suffered being separated from their parents and taken to strange places, as the first children to be chosen were the healthy, attractive children, until their numbers were slowly whittles down to the ugly, disadvantaged ones, which could have brought doubts in ability. So overall evacuation was a great idea as it tried to defend the most important peoples, the children, next generation. Without it they would not have enough peoples to run Britain. Despite the government best effort protecting the country, evacuation was not a great success. ...read more.

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