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Explain the changing methods of the IRA from 1972 to the Present day

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Explain the changing methods of the IRA from 1972 to the Present day The IRA over the years, from it's humble beginnings to now, has employed many tactics, to get what it wants. They "claim to represent the interest of Catholics". Expanding upon this, they hope to have a united and Catholic governed Ireland. Just as it was before the Protestants arrived. In this essay I will analyse and explain the IRA's changing tactics from violent, volatile manoeuvres, to peaceful, non-violent Protestants, dating from 1972 to the Present day. From the 1919 formation of the IRA to the 1969 escalation of violence, the IRA has developed it's tactics to what it uses today. Following the Easter Rising of 1916, and the failure of the British Government to grant home rule. Lead to the forming of the Irish Republican Army. ...read more.


After the major violence of the 'Battle of Bogside', British Troops entered Northern Ireland, and initially were welcomed by the IRA. But, the troops soon angered the Catholics, by enforcing curfews and searching homes. In 1969 the IRA split between the Official IRA and the Provisional IRA. The Official IRA became dedicated to peace, while the Provisional side were violent. The Provisional or the 'Provs' as called by the public, began to protect Catholic communities, this was to protect the Catholics from Loyalist Paramilitary groups and the British Troops. Following these events in 1970 the IRA bombed city centres in Ulster. They wanted to keep the British out of Catholic areas, by this they bombed cities would draw troops into the city areas, leaving the Catholics area alone. This city bombing tactic, also damaged the economic interest of the Protestants, within Northern Ireland. ...read more.


At the start of 1972, January, the British troops opened fire on 13 unarmed protesters. This caused outrage. As a result of this the IRA stepped up attacks on British Soldiers. They were told, "Kill every British Soldier you can". This was to achieve a British retreat from Ulster. Whereby venting anger from the catholic communities. As time pressed on towards 1975. The IRA held clandestine negotiations on whether to withdraw. But they still bombed in Northern Ireland. However, they changed in 1972 to bomb the British mainland. In a bid to remind the British about the troubles in Northern Ireland. As a result, important places were bombed such as Parliament and Scotland Yard. In 1972 in Birmingham a pub as bombed, resulting in 19 deaths, and 182 injuries. But, at the same time as bombing the mainland of Britain, they carried on bombing the Northern Ireland. Due to this there was a mass Protestant protest. Paul Jay G.C.S.E History ...read more.

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