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Explain why Hitler attempted a putsch in 1923.

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Introduction

Sam Holloway History Homework The Munich Putsch Nov. 1923 1. Explain why Hitler attempted a putsch in 1923. Hitler saw the year of 1923 to be an excellent year to overthrow the government he hated so much. His party, the Nazi's, had strong support and their paramilitary wing, the SA was large and ready for battle. Hitler predicted, correctly (as shown in his trial), that he had large popular support from the people of Germany due to the current failings of the Weimar Republic, the massive hyperinflation, the invasion of the Ruhr etc. 2. Briefly outline the events of Nov 1923. The main events of the Nov 8-9th putsch took place in a place called the Burgerbraukeller, a large beer hall located on the south bank of the Isar river, about half a mile from the centre of Munich. On the evening of Nov 8 1923, the building was full with the political and social elite of Bavaria who came to listen to the State Commissioner Gustav von Kahr speak. At around 8pm Hitler drove to the Burgerbraukeller in his red Mercedes Benz and got out to meet with Putzi Hanfstaengl, who was supposed to act as a liason with foreign press. ...read more.

Middle

When Hitler returned he was appaled to hear that they had been let go but Luddendorff insisted they would honor the agreement. Eleswhere the putsch was also failing, Reichwehr officers refused to hand over any facilities without written requests from they superiors. One of the things Hitler had been counting on was the support of the Reichwehr. Although thousands of SA were swarming all over munich, only one military structure was captured. Source work 1. What do sources D and E reveal about the aims of the Munich Putsch? Both these sources clearly show that the main aim of the putsch was to bring about the downfall of the Weimar republic. There are however differences in the sources, Source D suggest that the putsch was a way for Hitler to triumphantly seize power for himself whereas in Source E Hitler suggests that the putsch was designed to bring down the 'treasonable Weimar system' for the greater good. Here he is suggesting he was a tool of the people as opposed to their next leader. 2. Comment on the reliability of sources A and D. Source A could be considered more reliable than source E due to the fact that is is a primary source of evidence. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, one of the many things that Hitler had counted on was the support of the Reichwehr, particualy because of Luddendorff, but this did not happen either. 5. Use sources 2.32, 2.34 and your own knowledge. Was the putsch a complete failure? Although the putsch had failed at its primary objective, it was a great success in other areas. The most important of these was Hitler's fame, before the putsch there were few outside of Bavaria who had heard of Hitler but after the trial he had been transformed into a national hero who had try to save the people from a corrupt and wrong government. Also his imprisonment enabled Hitler to write 'Mein Kampf' and work out where the party would now go. 6. Whilst in prison Hitler decided that the Nazi Party must change its political strategy. Does source 2.33 show that after the putsch the Nazis became a democratic party and accepted the Weimar constitution? The answer to this question is both yes and no. The party was a democratic party in the sense that it was trying for power legally through the accpted democratic methods. But, the once the party was in power in promised to use article 48 of the Weimar constitution to destroy democracy in Germany. The party never accepted the Weimar constitution and was constantly campaigning against it. ...read more.

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