• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Why Hitler Rose to Power.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain Why Hitler Rose to Power Germany's new constitution (Weimar Republic) has been described as perfect and ideal. It provided an electoral system based on proportional representation. This allowed smaller political parties to be represented in the Reichstag. But it also meant that none of the bigger political parties in Germany was ever likely to get a majority of seats in Parliament. Thereby ensuring that a coalition government would have to be formed from two or more of the parties, and would only work if they agreed a common policy The Weimar Republic was very fair, it gave a say to more parties, everyone has the vote, no one could get too powerful. Its weaknesses were that there were lots of different parties. The parties never agreed on anything, the President could have power as a dictator. During the five-year period 1918-1923, the newly formed Weimer Republic survived some serious crises. From both the left and the right came putsch's (revolts), assassinations and anti-government propaganda. The threats to the Weimar Republic were the Spartacicts 1919. They were Communists led by Karl Leibnecht and Rosa Luxemburg. The Government responded by using the Freikrops. These were brutal ex soldiers used to put down the rising. The Weimar Republic survived, but Leibnecht and Luxemburg were killed. The Kapp Putsch led by Wolfgang Kapp, who was an army general, and supported by the Freikrops attempted to take over the Government. ...read more.

Middle

Expansionism: The Nazis said that Germany should expand her territories to gain lebensraum or living room. Militarism: Germany could only get her own way if she was strong. Conscription was essential to build up the army and provide a disciplined training for the youth of Germany. Rearmament was vital to give the armed forces the tanks, planes and ships they needed. Goring summed it up when he demanded 'guns before butter.' Hitler was now in a powerful position. There were further elections in November 1932. The Nazi's lost a little ground but remained the single largest party. Although he did not win an out right majority, Hitler was able to do deals with other parties and he became the Chancellor of Germany on 30 January 1933. After elections in March 1933 Hitler took complete control. Democracy came to an end on 23 March 1933 when the Reichstag passed the so-called 'Enabling Law.' This gave Hitler the power to introduce future laws without the agreement of the Reichstag. Hitler was now the dictator of Germany. Only one potential source of danger remained, apart from that of foreign invasion. This was the German army, which even in its depleted state after Versailles was still strong enough to stage a military coup. In practice many officers were Nazis who welcomed the role that Hitler had assigned the armed forces, to say nothing of the improvements in morale that the promised introduction of conscription and rearmament would bring. ...read more.

Conclusion

Newsreel films of processions and rallies show enthusiastic crowds ecstatic in their acclamation of the Fuhrer. Hitler had a remarkable gift as an orator, with a fiery and Germanic way with words, which undoubtedly attracted and mesmerised the crowds. Goebbels used all the different types of media to whip up support for the Nazis and to insight hatred against their enemies. Goebbels was a brilliant and fluent speaker but a liar. Goebbels made very effective use of the state-controlled radio to inform or misinform the German people. Nazi propaganda urged everyone to tune into the radio, so that they could listen to the Fuhrer. The biggest show piece in the Nazi year was the annual Nuremberg rally. Torch light processions and military parades with goose-stepping standard bearers carrying giant swastikas impressed and thrilled the German crowds. Despite the fact that many leading Jewish scientists and musicians had already fled from Germany, foreign leaders were impressed by the Nazis. They ignored reports from British and American journalists, which described conditions in the concentration camps. Ex-King Edward VIII visited Hitler in 1937 only 10 months after his abdication much to the disapproval of many people in Britain. In conclusion, Hitler's rise to power occurred through a series of events, which enabled him to take full control of Germany and eventually its empire. Mr. Diver History Essay Anthony Ridley 19th February 2002 5S Set 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    Machtan believes that Hitler worked to exterminate R�hm in order to protect his own past, as it included homosexual tendencies on behalf of the F�hrer24. According to evidence unearthed by Machtan, R�hm made no secret of his homosexuality. He says that "...R�hm accepted himself as he was, and in 1929

  2. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    Many people felt the same way & wanted to over throw the Weimar Republic & tear up the Treaty of Versailles. The failure of the Putsch also allowed Hitler to re-think his strategy, he decided to change his approach from violence ,to gaining more votes and he said " I

  1. How hitler rose to power

    In addition, the Germans were not only terrified that other countries would attack them as they were not allowed to have an air force, submarines or a proper navy, they were all extreme nationalists; they were humiliated as the German government made them into ruin.

  2. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    One of the main problems with the report is that it was actually written a full 12 years after the events occurred. Another huge problem when considering the consistency of the report is that a great deal of it is mere opinion and conjecture on Diels' behalf.

  1. adolf hitler

    Aware that this would be an act of high treason, the three men were initially reluctant to agree to this offer. Hitler was furious and threatened to shoot them and then commit suicide: "I have three bullets for you, gentlemen, and one for me!" After this the three men agreed.

  2. HOW EFFECTIVE WERE INDOCTRINATION AND PROPAGANDA?

    In this respect Nazi Germany - albeit unintentionally - gave birth to modern youth culture not as an integral part of conformity but as an autonomous and sometimes hostile response to it. Nothing could have been further from the intention of the Nazi leadership.

  1. How far and with what success did the Germans resist Hitler?

    centre party helped to provide the necessary two-thirds majority needed to pass the Enabling Act. However, Hitler's promises were not worth the paper they were written on. By the end of 1933 catholic priests were being harassed. In 1936, the catholic youth groups were forced to merge with the Hitler Youth and the closure of the monasteries and convents began.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    [l]This is conditional. It is different from the way in which Germany was actually ran by the Nazis. [m]This would effectively mean getting rid of the Jews and forcing Aryan women to marry people who were also Aryan. [n]Nazis wanted to abolish anti-Nazi ideas and remove distractions that might stop people from worshipping the Fuhrer (Hitler)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work