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Explain Why Hitler Rose to Power.

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Introduction

Explain Why Hitler Rose to Power Germany's new constitution (Weimar Republic) has been described as perfect and ideal. It provided an electoral system based on proportional representation. This allowed smaller political parties to be represented in the Reichstag. But it also meant that none of the bigger political parties in Germany was ever likely to get a majority of seats in Parliament. Thereby ensuring that a coalition government would have to be formed from two or more of the parties, and would only work if they agreed a common policy The Weimar Republic was very fair, it gave a say to more parties, everyone has the vote, no one could get too powerful. Its weaknesses were that there were lots of different parties. The parties never agreed on anything, the President could have power as a dictator. During the five-year period 1918-1923, the newly formed Weimer Republic survived some serious crises. From both the left and the right came putsch's (revolts), assassinations and anti-government propaganda. The threats to the Weimar Republic were the Spartacicts 1919. They were Communists led by Karl Leibnecht and Rosa Luxemburg. The Government responded by using the Freikrops. These were brutal ex soldiers used to put down the rising. The Weimar Republic survived, but Leibnecht and Luxemburg were killed. The Kapp Putsch led by Wolfgang Kapp, who was an army general, and supported by the Freikrops attempted to take over the Government. ...read more.

Middle

Expansionism: The Nazis said that Germany should expand her territories to gain lebensraum or living room. Militarism: Germany could only get her own way if she was strong. Conscription was essential to build up the army and provide a disciplined training for the youth of Germany. Rearmament was vital to give the armed forces the tanks, planes and ships they needed. Goring summed it up when he demanded 'guns before butter.' Hitler was now in a powerful position. There were further elections in November 1932. The Nazi's lost a little ground but remained the single largest party. Although he did not win an out right majority, Hitler was able to do deals with other parties and he became the Chancellor of Germany on 30 January 1933. After elections in March 1933 Hitler took complete control. Democracy came to an end on 23 March 1933 when the Reichstag passed the so-called 'Enabling Law.' This gave Hitler the power to introduce future laws without the agreement of the Reichstag. Hitler was now the dictator of Germany. Only one potential source of danger remained, apart from that of foreign invasion. This was the German army, which even in its depleted state after Versailles was still strong enough to stage a military coup. In practice many officers were Nazis who welcomed the role that Hitler had assigned the armed forces, to say nothing of the improvements in morale that the promised introduction of conscription and rearmament would bring. ...read more.

Conclusion

Newsreel films of processions and rallies show enthusiastic crowds ecstatic in their acclamation of the Fuhrer. Hitler had a remarkable gift as an orator, with a fiery and Germanic way with words, which undoubtedly attracted and mesmerised the crowds. Goebbels used all the different types of media to whip up support for the Nazis and to insight hatred against their enemies. Goebbels was a brilliant and fluent speaker but a liar. Goebbels made very effective use of the state-controlled radio to inform or misinform the German people. Nazi propaganda urged everyone to tune into the radio, so that they could listen to the Fuhrer. The biggest show piece in the Nazi year was the annual Nuremberg rally. Torch light processions and military parades with goose-stepping standard bearers carrying giant swastikas impressed and thrilled the German crowds. Despite the fact that many leading Jewish scientists and musicians had already fled from Germany, foreign leaders were impressed by the Nazis. They ignored reports from British and American journalists, which described conditions in the concentration camps. Ex-King Edward VIII visited Hitler in 1937 only 10 months after his abdication much to the disapproval of many people in Britain. In conclusion, Hitler's rise to power occurred through a series of events, which enabled him to take full control of Germany and eventually its empire. Mr. Diver History Essay Anthony Ridley 19th February 2002 5S Set 3 ...read more.

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