• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


JACOB HARTLEY EXPLAIN WHY WOMEN FAILED TO GAIN THE RIGHT TO VOTE BETWEEN 1900 AND 1914. There are many reasons why women failed to get the vote during this period, a key one being attitudes to women. By 1900 the Victorian belief still prevailed that women were the weaker sex and needed protection from the harsh political world. Source C states:- "Ever since the world was created, most women have been of weaker mental power than men". (1) Women were seen as intellectually incapable to vote, too emotional and impulsive to make rational decisions. Men dealt with subjects such as war and peace and managing the Empire, things that were outside women's knowledge. Many felt that as women did not do military service they shouldn't vote. Traditionally women were seen as homemakers. Source B states:- "A woman should make a man's home delightful". (2) However many working class women did work hard usually in low status, poorly paid jobs. All women shared a lack of rights. They and their belongings were seen as their husband's possessions, they were barred from most professions and universities. Source A is a woman asking how she is to pay the bills and feed the children. Her husband answers:- "What I do with my money is no business of yours", It was attitudes like these that saw women as second class citizens that kept women disenfranchised. ...read more.


During this period also the Government were dealing with other problems such as the IRA fighting for home rule and the major industries going on strike. If the Government had given into the violence of the Suffragettes then other groups may have used it also to get what they wanted. There were many reasons that women failed to get the vote the main one being attitudes towards them. Source C (1) The Times in 1867 in reply to the suggestion that women should be allowed to vote Source B (2) Mrs John Sandford, Women in her Social and Domestic Character (1837) Source D (3) Edith Milner writing in the Times October 1906 "WITHOUT THE FIRST WORLD WAR BRITISH WOMEN WOULD NOT HAVE GAINED THE RIGHT TO VOTE IN 1918". DO YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THIS INTERPRETATION? The First World War was a factor in gaining women the vote but it was not the only factor. It was not until the war that women could prove they were capable of working just as hard as men in what were men's jobs. Women kept the country going while the men were away at war. 3,224,600 women were employed in July 1914 and 4814,600 in January 1918. Over 700,000 worked in dangerous, crucial, munitions factories. They did manual jobs such as unloading coal and joined the Forces as nurses, cooks and drivers. ...read more.


Bartley (2) states that:- "It would be na�ve to believe that women received the vote solely for services rendered in the 1st World War". She argues that it was only women over 30 who got the vote. They were not given the vote on the same terms as men. In source C Lord Curzon argued against the vote for women saying that if women got the vote then most voters would be women. This could have been a factor in disenfranchising some women. Not giving the vote to women under 30 shows that the argument that the vote was given as a reward is wrong as it was these women who did many of the most dangerous jobs. The post war period was a good time for women's votes. Franchise reform was needed as many men had been killed during the war or had been away for so long that they lost their right to vote. Many of the men opposed to the vote for women were away at war so there was less opposition in general against women's votes and Asquith was replaced by David Lloyd George who was more sympathetic to women's votes. Also full Democracy was part of a global trend and Britain didn't want to lag behind. Although the war was not the only reason for women getting the vote I agree that without the war women couldn't have got the vote in 1918, it would have taken longer. (1) Constance Rover Women's Suffrage and Party Politics in Britain 1866-1914 (1967) (2) Paula Bartley Votes for Women 1860 - 1928 (1998) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    Unfortunately for the suffragettes, he was against women's franchise. He believed that most women actually did not want the vote. He tried to deny them the vote by stalling. The Liberals were also worried that women would vote for other parties, and waste time demanding trivial things concerning clothes.

  2. Explain why women failed to gain the vote before 1914?

    The parliament was made up just of men, and men were strictly against women getting the vote. This meant with men against them having the vote they had a huge barrier to climb before they really got started campaigning. Women's search for the great vote got on its way when

  1. Women and the Vote

    QUESTION 2. STUDY SOURCES B AND C DOES SOURCE B SUPPORT THE EVIDENCE OF SOURCE C ABOUT THE SUFFRAGETTES CAMPAIGN? EXPLAIN YOUR ANSWER. (8 marks) Yes, Source B does support the evidence of Source C. This is because they both agree with each other saying that the Suffragettes are hindering the cause rather than helping it.

  2. Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900-1914.

    Unfortunately for the women Asquith overruled this. This was a terrible defeat for the Suffragettes, and caused great uproar, which fuelled the anger of the Suffragettes as they started organising window smashing, and carried out arson attacks, bombing and sabotaging many areas of Britain.

  1. The changing role and status of women in Britain since 1900.

    Campaigners thought that women's suffrage could be included in this bill. As it stood, the law regarding voting was that a man had to have been living at the same address for 1 year to vote. This needed to be changed as it meant that soldiers who had been fighting were not included.

  2. The changing role and status of women in Britain since 1900

    By 1914 women had proved that they were just as capable and equally as strong as the men by carrying out their jobs. Therefore making the reasons put forward by Lord Curzon totally invalid. I have done some further research and have found some pictures showing some of the work carried out by women during the war.

  1. Why did women gain the vote in 1918?

    These first acts of civil disobedience were considered to be militant, and the most common ways were tax evasion and census resistance. The first recorded act of tax evasion was in 1870 when two Quaker suffragists who refused to pay their taxes had their property seized by bailiffs.

  2. Votes for Women

    Politicians themselves agreed with the idea that the women who had bough up successfully had performed a service for the Government which could be rewarded by giving the vote to such loyal citizens The age limit of 30 was agreed by politicians because these women seemed to be more sensible

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work