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Evacuation was a great success. Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies

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Gcse history coursework question 2 "Evacuation was a great success". Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies. (15 marks) In the September of 1939 over a million school children living in the larger cities and towns of Great Britain were moved temporarily from their homes to places that the government considered safer usually out in the countryside and the more rural areas. This happened because the British government were worried that when war was declared between Germany, British towns would be targets for bombing raids by aircraft. Evacuation could be considered a success because many poor inner city children who had never experienced the luxury of rail travel before were able to travel from outside inner cities. Even fewer children had been to the countryside. Many of the children thought evacuation would be something of a holiday or a great adventure as they were waiting at the train station singing patriotic songs and once they arrived at their destination they were looked after by caring foster families and many experienced a much better way of life in the countryside. One girl when asked by a local newspaper reporter whether she liked here new family responded, "It was really nice I had never been washed all over before". This shows one good aspect of evacuation. On the other hand many children suffered the trauma of separation and isolation and were terrified by the prospect of being removed from there parents as for the most part the parents did not accompany there children. ...read more.


Overall this photo shows the success of evacuation, as it shows children and parents laughing and smiling on the way to be evacuated. Source B is an extract of an interview with a teacher as she accompanies children being evacuated from her school. This source is reliable as the person who was being interviewed was actually there and witnessed the actual event taking place. In 1939 teaching was a well respected profession and I would expect that she would be trustworthy and honest. A negative point is that the interview took place nearly 50 years after the actual event took place, her memory could have faded and altered with time, I am also unsure of her age, mental and physical health in 1988. This is also just the account of one person and another may see things completely differently. Overall this shows the failure of evacuation as children were unaware of where they were going and parents also had no idea of which part of the country their children would end up at. Also, many Fathers were fighting in the war, which left Mothers alone in the city. Many felt lonely and venerable without their families. Source C is a quote from Carries War, a book written in 1973. The source is reliable as I would presume that the author has researched evacuation and the war, and has written with historic accuracy. ...read more.


This could also be negative propaganda used by the government. Overall this shows the failures of evacuation as many parents were reluctant to, and refused to send their children to unknown destinations in the countryside. Source F is a film called 'Good Night Mr Tom', this is a film about the evacuation of a boy to the country side who is cared for by a kind man. This could be considered a reliable source because the director will have researched the subject matter. The negatives are that the programme is fictional and were made to entertain an audience; the film was made after the war so the story may easily have been changed to suit the current day. I am unsure if the author experienced the war and the evacuation. Overall this shows the good points of evacuation as the film tells the story of an abused child who was unloved at his home in the city but found a caring and loving home due to evacuation. In conclusion I think that evacuation was a great success as it saved thousands of children's lives, gave many children from rough inner cities the chance to travel to another part of the country and witness another way of life. Evacuation also provided many children with loving foster homes and many formed life long relationships with their carers. Although negatives exist, such as trauma of separation from parents/brothers and sisters, the risk of cruel foster carers, the overall aim to protect children's' lives was achieved. Joe Chapman ...read more.

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