• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evacuation was a great success. Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies

Extracts from this document...


Gcse history coursework question 2 "Evacuation was a great success". Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation explain your answer using the sources and knowledge from your studies. (15 marks) In the September of 1939 over a million school children living in the larger cities and towns of Great Britain were moved temporarily from their homes to places that the government considered safer usually out in the countryside and the more rural areas. This happened because the British government were worried that when war was declared between Germany, British towns would be targets for bombing raids by aircraft. Evacuation could be considered a success because many poor inner city children who had never experienced the luxury of rail travel before were able to travel from outside inner cities. Even fewer children had been to the countryside. Many of the children thought evacuation would be something of a holiday or a great adventure as they were waiting at the train station singing patriotic songs and once they arrived at their destination they were looked after by caring foster families and many experienced a much better way of life in the countryside. One girl when asked by a local newspaper reporter whether she liked here new family responded, "It was really nice I had never been washed all over before". This shows one good aspect of evacuation. On the other hand many children suffered the trauma of separation and isolation and were terrified by the prospect of being removed from there parents as for the most part the parents did not accompany there children. ...read more.


Overall this photo shows the success of evacuation, as it shows children and parents laughing and smiling on the way to be evacuated. Source B is an extract of an interview with a teacher as she accompanies children being evacuated from her school. This source is reliable as the person who was being interviewed was actually there and witnessed the actual event taking place. In 1939 teaching was a well respected profession and I would expect that she would be trustworthy and honest. A negative point is that the interview took place nearly 50 years after the actual event took place, her memory could have faded and altered with time, I am also unsure of her age, mental and physical health in 1988. This is also just the account of one person and another may see things completely differently. Overall this shows the failure of evacuation as children were unaware of where they were going and parents also had no idea of which part of the country their children would end up at. Also, many Fathers were fighting in the war, which left Mothers alone in the city. Many felt lonely and venerable without their families. Source C is a quote from Carries War, a book written in 1973. The source is reliable as I would presume that the author has researched evacuation and the war, and has written with historic accuracy. ...read more.


This could also be negative propaganda used by the government. Overall this shows the failures of evacuation as many parents were reluctant to, and refused to send their children to unknown destinations in the countryside. Source F is a film called 'Good Night Mr Tom', this is a film about the evacuation of a boy to the country side who is cared for by a kind man. This could be considered a reliable source because the director will have researched the subject matter. The negatives are that the programme is fictional and were made to entertain an audience; the film was made after the war so the story may easily have been changed to suit the current day. I am unsure if the author experienced the war and the evacuation. Overall this shows the good points of evacuation as the film tells the story of an abused child who was unloved at his home in the city but found a caring and loving home due to evacuation. In conclusion I think that evacuation was a great success as it saved thousands of children's lives, gave many children from rough inner cities the chance to travel to another part of the country and witness another way of life. Evacuation also provided many children with loving foster homes and many formed life long relationships with their carers. Although negatives exist, such as trauma of separation from parents/brothers and sisters, the risk of cruel foster carers, the overall aim to protect children's' lives was achieved. Joe Chapman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. History Coursework - Evacuation Assignment

    The children then were lined up and the 'host' families chose whom they were going to take in. People who took in evacuees received an allowance from the government, and many people took children in for this reason. This money was to pay for the evacuees and the food and

  2. "Evacuation was a great success" Do you agree? Source based work.

    At school, the country and towns children eventually learned to get along. In the end the fights became a ritual and were much enjoyed. Some made new friends, sometimes for life. However some were not so lucky. Some children were separated from their brothers and sisters, and many more from their friends.

  1. "Evacuation Was A Great Success" Do You Agree Or Disagree With This Interpretation?

    What followed was like an auction. Villagers came in to choose children. "Mr and Mrs Jones would like a nice little boy." Nobody wanted the awkward combination of a girl of eleven and such a small boy, from whom I promised my mother never to be separated.

  2. Was Evacuation A Success

    evacuation, she may have been happy then, but she might have not enjoyed her time and experience there after. Also, Esther may have altered the letter a little to make it sound so enjoyable to prevent her mother from worrying about her life as an evacuee, so it will make

  1. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    She was evacuated to South Wales with her two brothers during the war as was the main character of the book. Also the author had many years before writing the book in which to research about evacuation. The author may have enjoyed her experience of evacuation and then decided to

  2. "Evacuation was a great success" Discuss

    The air raids had caused a big problem for Britain but most children were safe because of shelter, which protected the children from the bombing. In one way the British thought that evacuation was not successful because they aimed for 3 million people to get evacuated but only half of this was done.

  1. "Evacuation was a great success" Do you agree with this interpretation?

    Source F however breaks down the stereotyping between the evacuees; this source displays what the possibilities of foster homes and families some evacuees would get. Source F is an interview in 1988 with someone who was an evacuee in 1939.

  2. Evacuation was a great success - do you agree or disagree.

    Indeed, hosts received a lot of bad publicity during the evacuation process, with newspaper publications that portrayed horrific situations where children were being beaten, used and abused, and this host maybe trying to redress the balance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work