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Field Marshall Haig debate

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Introduction

Field Marshall Haig debate * Haig has many experiences in military action like, In 1884 he entered Royal Military College, Sandhurst direct from University. He passed in less than a year, holding the Anson Memorial Sword as Senior Under-Officer. Haig then joined the 7th (Queen's Own) Hussars, and spent the next 9 years as a regimental officer, mostly in India. * He led First Army through the undoubted trials of 1915 at Neuve Chapelle, Aubers Ridge, and Loos. In July 1915, the King awarded Haig the GCB. * Haig was amply rewarded - made an Earl, and granted a substantial sum. He was among the group that created the British Legion, before dying in 1928. * Haig was somewhat redeemed for his earlier relative failures when he organized the final offensive in 1918 that led to the eventual Allied victory. * He spent the rest of his life raising funds for disabled veterans and organizing the British Legion. ...read more.

Middle

If Haig's scheme worked, he would have solved the problem at the Western Front. Trench warfare and stalemate would have ended. * In the final 100 days of the Great War the British army engaged, and defeated, 99 of the 197 German Divisions in the West. The British captured 188700 prisoners, almost 50% of the total taken by all the allied armies in France in this period. The scale of Haig's victories moved the Allied Generalissimo, Marshall Foch, to write; Never at any time in history has the British Army achieved greater results in attack than in this unbroken offensive...The victory was indeed complete, thanks to the Commanders of the Armies, Corps and Divisions and above all to the unselfishness, to the wise, loyal and energetic policy of their Commander-in-Chief, who made easy a great combination and sanctioned a prolonged gigantic effort. * In France, Haig, who took command of the BEF in late 1915, had little or no room for maneuver because of the continuous front line and he had to deal with the inherent difficulties of coalition warfare. ...read more.

Conclusion

British cavalry was trained to fight both mounted and dismounted and made many experiments in co-operating with other arms, infantry, tanks and even aircraft. Haig encouraged such experiments and he has been credited with fostering the concept of "an all-arms strike force which clearly pointed the way to the future of mobile warfare". * There were many small victories such as Poziers on the 23rd of July and the victory of capturing fortress at Beaumont in November the 1st, these were some of the victories for the commander. * Haig was a traditional commander and wasn't used to modern warfare, but Haig tried his best in every situation until he succeeded. * He was Awarded many Civic and Academic honors after the war. * Haig's Diaries show that he was very much preoccupied with the logistics of dealing with the dead and wounded. * Haig was very experimental with various tactics for example the creeping barrage, mining tunnels which led to the final breakthrough. * Von Moltke because he ruined the Schlieffen Plan and didn't plan in advance causing errors and therefore can be blamed for the stalemate. ...read more.

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