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Gallipoli Questions

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Introduction

Gallipoli Question 2 - The Failure of the Campaign Source D tells us how orders were given "lightheartedly" and in a rather disorganized fashion, which clearly implies to me that the men giving the orders and in fact those carrying them out felt as though this war was a joke, and that the stalemate would never end. The Turks worked extremely hard and were tactically superior to the Brits and dug many trenches, which proved to be a formidable defense, because as soon as one trench had been taken, the Turks had already dug another. This must have been exceedingly demoralizing for the troops. When attacks were finally organized, there as great difficulty in supporting them and they were almost always made by lethargic men; not fresh ones. A comment that really sticks out to me, and I feel applies to the whole Gallipoli campaign is "It seemed rather amateur". It also says that the whole idea of the campaign was to rush in and ignore losses. Obviously this went completely wrong and the opposite of a rush occurred. I feel that this source suggests that the soldiers were demoralized and that the initial plan on rushing in and ignoring losses was not only a poor plan but also that it wasn't carried out well enough either. ...read more.

Middle

Source F shows us a map of the Dardanelles and tells us that a campaign poorly planned and rushed into is destined for failure. This statement is somewhat ironic because this is exactly what happened. As you can see from the map, the Dardanelles are extremely narrow, and there clearly was no room to maneuver troops and wherever they turned there was either sea, mountains or Turks. The terrain was against the British from day one, yet little research or planning had been done into this. Thus the Brits and Anzacs were trapped in boiling heat with little water for most of the time. This source most definitely suggests poor planning on Churchill's part as he didn't properly look at maps showing the terrain or how narrow the area was. I know that the army was unprepared for the terrain and they had little knowledge of the area that they were landing on. Source G tells us how the author feels that going into Gallipoli at all was a poor idea, because it is far too narrow to attack in. He also says that the campaign could have succeeded if fought somewhere else, which I thoroughly agree with. ...read more.

Conclusion

This film showed the harsh lives of the campaign including a mere litre of water per man, when in those conditions they should have been drinking about 10. It also shows how those that landed on V beach were mown down by machine gun, because lack of planning had not revealed these strategic positions. Had more planning been done into the area these thousands of lives could have been saved. Another piece of poor planning was the lack of maps. The army landed on the beach with little or no idea of what to expect. In fact they were overconfident and didn't expect any Turks at all. Those at Y and S beach sat around waiting because they had no orders given to them, which showed ignorance and mainly the absence of planning altogether. Overall I think that these sources certainly give sufficient evidence to support that the lack of planning on Churchill's part was to blame mainly for the loss of the campaign. The army had old maps with few details and was not at all prepared for the trench warfare that proceeded. However, it was not entirely down to bad planning; the soldiers went in overconfident and underestimated the Turks to such an extent a day was wasted sitting around relaxing - perhaps a turning point in the campaign. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ben Smith 11Scott ...read more.

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