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History essay why did world war one happen

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Why did WWI happen? In 1914 the whole world was plunged into a violent war which ruined landscapes, shattered bodies leaving them broken and mentally scarred, and cost 20 Million lives. Economies were turned upside down and once proud empires were toppled and replaced with new independent nations. How did this 'Great War' come about? One of the reasons why the war started was to do with tension caused by the rapid build up of weapons and navy known as the arms and naval race. This was called Militarism. During the late 1890's, Germany began to develop a naval force big enough to challenge the British navy. Germany's decision to become a major sea power made it a bitter enemy of Great Britain. Britain saw Germany who wanted an empire and a strong navy as a threat to its own empire and decided to spend more on increasing and strengthening her own navy. This led to tension causing a naval race which saw Germany and Great Britain go to war in 1914. ...read more.


This was called Imperialism. An example of this tension was when the German Kaiser decided Germany should be a world power and should have overseas colonies like France and Britain had. The Germans had established two colonies in Africa, but they wanted more. Before Bosnia was taken over by Austria, it used to be part of Serbia which was then known as Greater Serbia. After taking over Bosnia, Austria was looking for an excuse to declare war against Serbia and to take over the Balkans because it would provide access to the Mediterranean Sea and provide other advantages. The opportunity came when on Sunday 28th of June, Franz Ferdinand was shot on his way to visit the victims of a bomb explosion which was expected to kill Franz Ferdinand. This set of a spark which brought almost all of Europe into the bloodiest war in history. The fourth reason why tension increased was because of nationalism. Many nations in Europe were worried about not looking strong and so looked to boost their power and prestige. ...read more.


People still argue over the causes of the war. For instance, Germany used the crime of a schoolboy as an excuse to start the war, Austria had regarded the growing power of Serbia with concern for many years. and was looking for a good excuse to crush Serbia. England, it was thought would be in 'splendid isolation' and could do nothing with the threats in Ireland. Russia was too busy with the reorganisation of her army and as for France, Germany believed she was capable to deal with her and was looking for an opportunity to do so. Overall I think the most important cause of the war was due to jealousy of the empires of other countries in Europe and the misunderstanding of the decisions and moves made by each other. Because if the leaders of all the countries in Europe were more open-minded, sharing with other countries in Europe and not "power hungry", then the WWI could have been avoided and about 20 million lives could be saved. By: ABDULLAH BIN MADAWI YR 10 HISTORY MR FLETCHER ...read more.

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