• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Northern Ireland

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1) Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960's. During the mid-sixties Catholics in Northern Ireland were subjected to extremely turbulent times. They were discriminated against, by Protestants, in three main ways socially, economically and politically. For Catholics to get into a university in Northern Ireland was incredibly arduous as they would permit Protestants over Catholics. Liam O'Connor was a 17 year old Catholic who had got top marks in most of his O levels and A levels. There was only one university in Belfast which appeared to accept more Protestants than Catholics, this therefore reducing his chances of admission. This was the case for many Catholics. Due to the lack of further education for Catholics it has a major influence on who gets the higher paid jobs. Almost identically to universities, well paid jobs were exceptionally difficult to unearth as some employers were suspected of being anti-Catholic. Out of 10'000 workers in a Belfast shipyard, only 400 were Catholic. Fermanagh Council employed 370 people of which 322 were Protestant. These facts may have been largely influenced by the views of major political figures like Ian Paisley. ...read more.

Middle

"Keep Protestants and loyal workers in employment in times of depression in preference to their fellow Catholic workers." Like Brookeborough he described them as unfaithful and unwilling to work in times of need compared to Protestant workers who were competent and eager. Both of these statements show the Protestant politicians use of propaganda to criticize Catholics and give reason to the disadvantages they proposed. Protestants politicians had various political justifications to describe the differences between Catholics and Protestants. More Protestants than Catholics became boundary commissioners because Catholics refused to take these positions. They were offered but declined to because they felt that the odds were stacked against them. Therefore the government used this refusal as justification as to why the boundaries of the constituencies favoured Protestants. Politicians used propaganda to explain that if Catholics got into power then they would follow the strict guidelines of the Roman Catholic Church and in doing this many laws would have been changed due to Catholics 'backward views.' They would have banned divorce because Catholics believe that marriage is sacred in the eyes of god and that you should have one life long partner. Along with divorce, contraception and abortion would also have been prohibited because Catholics do not believe in preventing or destroying lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

The major trigger cause for the British Army entering Northern Ireland was the events and the predicted aftermath of the 'Battle of the Bogside.' The 'Apprentice Boys' go on a traditional march every August to commemorate the defence of Londonderry against King James's II forces. On 12 August 1969 the Apprentice Boys marched along a part of Londonderry that overlooked a Catholic Bogside. Bogsiders prevented entry of the Apprentice Boys by erecting barricades because of fears of a Loyalist attack. A minority of the Apprentice Boys threw pennies and rioting broke out between the two. Unclearly explained why, the RUC decided to take down the barricades. In reaction to this the Bogsiders began to petrol-bomb the RUC. This lasted for two days where 8 people died and 750 people were injured. Violence now erupted in other major cities. As Northern Ireland appeared on the verge of civil war British forces were sent into attempt to restore law and order, privately working along side the RUC to enable this. Upon review, sending in the British army was the best choice all round. They would contribute and suit all parties in four ways. They would bring law and order back to Northern Ireland in the process giving the RUC more help to do this, protect Catholics from any further violent attacks from Loyalists/RUC and finally containing the IRA, preventing terrorism. Ryan Gallagher ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    So, generational continuity, this strong sense of communal history and the sense of the Republican movement as a large family. Family involvement, not necessarily at the forefront of the struggle, but as backup troops, is very, very powerful in explaining the success of the Republican movement.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    The SDLP refused to take part in the Darlington conference in 1972. The party took part in the power-sharing Executive, which lasted from January to May 1974. The party took part in the Constitutional Convention election in May 1975 and secured 23.7% of the vote.

  1. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    that he publically threatened to play the 'Orange card', insisting he was not afraid of using violence, He would 'Not hesitate to agitate Ulster even to resistance beyond constitutional limits'. Churchill established himself as the clear antagonist to Gladstone. He travelled to Ulster in 1886 to rally support for his opposition against Home Rule.

  2. How did the Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between the ...

    NICRA usually had a hard time trying to get their point across for their civil rights campaign as loyalists and some Protestants saw them as Republicans and not the civil rights campaigners. When NICRA organised marches across Northern Ireland, the man who had the authority to ban these marches was

  1. Explain why the loyalists have been rioting in Ireland.

    The article "Last Chance for Rioting Loyalists" explains how the cease-fire of seven years will be declared over if the loyalist rioting does not come to an end. On 31 August 1994, the IRA announced a cease-fire as of midnight and six weeks later on 13th October 1994 the Loyalist gunmen declared their cease-fire as of midnight.

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    replaced with British forces as without a police force anarchy and chaos reigns, thus significantly worsening the already dire situation. The British government however, inevitably took a 'more active role' (D) as British troops were allowed to be 'deployed.' (D)

  1. Irish History

    The organisers of the rising were all arrested. Sixteen of these were executed. These men were Patrick Pearse, Thomas J. Clarke, Thomas MacDonagh, Joseph Mary Plunkett, Edward Daly, William Pearse, Michael O'Hanrahan, John MacBride, Eamonn Ceannt, Michael Mallin, Cornelius Colbert, Sean Heuston, Sean MacDermott, James Connolly, Thomas Kent and Roger Casement.

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid- 1960s?

    Catholics for a burglary or something of the sort, and if you were Catholic you would not be able to rely on them turning up on the day or even sorting the problem out. Adding to this the Catholics complained because a lot of RUC officers were members of the Orange Order or seemed to be.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work