• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Northern Ireland

Extracts from this document...


1) Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960's. During the mid-sixties Catholics in Northern Ireland were subjected to extremely turbulent times. They were discriminated against, by Protestants, in three main ways socially, economically and politically. For Catholics to get into a university in Northern Ireland was incredibly arduous as they would permit Protestants over Catholics. Liam O'Connor was a 17 year old Catholic who had got top marks in most of his O levels and A levels. There was only one university in Belfast which appeared to accept more Protestants than Catholics, this therefore reducing his chances of admission. This was the case for many Catholics. Due to the lack of further education for Catholics it has a major influence on who gets the higher paid jobs. Almost identically to universities, well paid jobs were exceptionally difficult to unearth as some employers were suspected of being anti-Catholic. Out of 10'000 workers in a Belfast shipyard, only 400 were Catholic. Fermanagh Council employed 370 people of which 322 were Protestant. These facts may have been largely influenced by the views of major political figures like Ian Paisley. ...read more.


"Keep Protestants and loyal workers in employment in times of depression in preference to their fellow Catholic workers." Like Brookeborough he described them as unfaithful and unwilling to work in times of need compared to Protestant workers who were competent and eager. Both of these statements show the Protestant politicians use of propaganda to criticize Catholics and give reason to the disadvantages they proposed. Protestants politicians had various political justifications to describe the differences between Catholics and Protestants. More Protestants than Catholics became boundary commissioners because Catholics refused to take these positions. They were offered but declined to because they felt that the odds were stacked against them. Therefore the government used this refusal as justification as to why the boundaries of the constituencies favoured Protestants. Politicians used propaganda to explain that if Catholics got into power then they would follow the strict guidelines of the Roman Catholic Church and in doing this many laws would have been changed due to Catholics 'backward views.' They would have banned divorce because Catholics believe that marriage is sacred in the eyes of god and that you should have one life long partner. Along with divorce, contraception and abortion would also have been prohibited because Catholics do not believe in preventing or destroying lives. ...read more.


The major trigger cause for the British Army entering Northern Ireland was the events and the predicted aftermath of the 'Battle of the Bogside.' The 'Apprentice Boys' go on a traditional march every August to commemorate the defence of Londonderry against King James's II forces. On 12 August 1969 the Apprentice Boys marched along a part of Londonderry that overlooked a Catholic Bogside. Bogsiders prevented entry of the Apprentice Boys by erecting barricades because of fears of a Loyalist attack. A minority of the Apprentice Boys threw pennies and rioting broke out between the two. Unclearly explained why, the RUC decided to take down the barricades. In reaction to this the Bogsiders began to petrol-bomb the RUC. This lasted for two days where 8 people died and 750 people were injured. Violence now erupted in other major cities. As Northern Ireland appeared on the verge of civil war British forces were sent into attempt to restore law and order, privately working along side the RUC to enable this. Upon review, sending in the British army was the best choice all round. They would contribute and suit all parties in four ways. They would bring law and order back to Northern Ireland in the process giving the RUC more help to do this, protect Catholics from any further violent attacks from Loyalists/RUC and finally containing the IRA, preventing terrorism. Ryan Gallagher ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    Another attempt at peace, the Good Friday Agreement, was similar to the Anglo-Irish, in fact almost identical, but many people were willing to accept it. It stated that a new Assembly of 108 members, a Catholic and Protestant mix, would be set up and important decisions would need consent from both communities.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    They believed that the only answer to the Irish question was what they called "one last heave." One last long push to get the British out of Ireland, and the only thing [that] will get that done is the use of weapons.

  1. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    The covenant was a formal pledge of allegiance, in which the person/s signing it where committing themselves to opposing the Home Rule. An estimated 250,000 signed the agreement, with many of the more fanatical extremists signing in their own blood.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    In the Assembly election in October 1982 SF obtained 10% of the vote, which represented a major breakthrough for the party. In the Westminster election of 1983 SF attacked 13.4% and Gerry Adams won the West Belfast seat. The standing of the SF in the polls, and the fear that it would surpass the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP)

  1. How did Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between Catholic and ...

    example of what his views were on Catholics "Catholic homes caught fire because they were loaded with petrol bombs; Catholic churches were attacked and burned because they were arsenals and priests handed out sub-machine guns to parishioners"; he also said the massive discrimination in employment and allocation of public housing

  2. How did the Protestant politicians explain the social, economic and political differences between the ...

    The group also continued with their marches even when the government banned it, this could have easily been part of the reason why a fraction of the violence could be blamed on NICRA. However this could be argued that the only reason NICRA continued the march was because they were provoked.

  1. Explain why the loyalists have been rioting in Ireland.

    This is because there are many possible reasons to why the loyalists could be rioting and they all have one aspect in common, religious and political hatred. 2. Why is the Loyalist rioting such an important issue in the peace process?

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    The British government 'looked on nervously' thus suggesting they had to do something to save their reputation. After many 'riots' however, the 'police' (C) were 'exhausted' (C), especially as 'eight people died' (C) and '750 were injured.' (C) At this stage there was clear necessity for the police to be

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work