• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Weimar Republic

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Essay Question Describe the political problems in Germany between 1918 and 1920. During the period between 1918 and 1920, Germany suffered from both economic and political instability. Economic instability could be seen through the amount of poverty and starvation in Germany, people were hungry and dying, and this was due to unemployment. There was political instability in Germany as there were threats from both extreme right and left wings. The extreme left wing consisted of the Spartacists and the Berevian uprising, who wanted Germany to become a communist country. On the other hand, the extreme right wing consisted off the Freikorps and the Kapp Putsch, who wanted an absolute monarchy, as they believed a democracy would weaken Germany. Also, Germany needed to draw up a new constitution as the Kaiser had abdicated. 2. Explain why Germany suffered from hyperinflation in 1923. Germany suffered from hyperinflation as a result of The French occupation of the Ruhr. This took place, as Germany had failed to pay their 2nd installment towards reparations. This infuriated the French so they decided to invade the Ruhr which was rich industrial land that belonged to Germany. As Germany could not pay the installment in cash, the French decided they would take goods and raw materials to pay towards the reparations. However, German workers reacted to by calling on passive resistance. The strike caused many problems for the economy and the government. ...read more.

Middle

This meant that all the governments were coalitions put together from several political parties. This led to weak governments as they found it very difficult to agree on policies. This also encouraged the growth of extremist parties such as the Communists because they knew they might be able to gain seats in Parliament, and therefore have a say in the running of the country. The Weimar Republic suffered from both economic and political instability. Economic instability could be seen through poverty and starvation. The unemployment rate was very high, as jobs were hard to find. Weimar also faced many political problems as threats from both extreme left and right wings were being received. The extreme left wing consisted of the Spartacists and Bavarian Uprising, who wanted Germany to be a communist country. On the opposing side were the Freikorps and the Kapp Putsch, who wanted an absolute dictatorship, where there would be a Keiser. The Treaty of Versailles had ordered that Germany pay reparations of �6.6 million. The Germans paid the first instalment of this bill in 1921 but then failed to pay their second instalment. The French were infuriated as they required the payment and invaded the Ruhr which was rich industrial area belonging to Germany, to take what they were owed by force. ...read more.

Conclusion

Any plan he carried out was to bring in new currency in order to solve the economic problems. He introduced a new currency called the Rentenmark, and destroyed the old mark. This restored confidence back into Germany, and things slowly become better. There was evidence that the Weimar Republic had recovered, this could be seen through the period of Prosperity, which lasted from 1924 to 1929. There was a lot of cultural revival, where artists, writers and poets flourished. Business boomed and industry was doing incredibly well. There was economic and political stability, as there were no threats from other political parties. There were lots of jobs, and people received higher and disposable wages, meaning they had more money to spend on their social lives. Eventually Germany had been invited to join the League of Nations in 1926. Germany seemed to have had recovered well from its previous problems, its threats had been crushed, loans had been taken out and all problems were effectively sorted. In conclusion to this, we can see that Germany had recovered to some extent. As it had resolved its economy and political stability, as well as restore its confidence back. However there is an argument that the country went through false prosperity, as it was based on American loans. Even though the country had recovered by 1928 there were futher problems just round the corner, including the Wolf Street Crash, which lead to a worldwide depression and masses of job losses. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Year 11 History GCSE Coursework- Weimar Republic and Hitler

    Hitler used the Treaty of Versailles as a focal point of many of his speeches, blaming the Weimar Government for accepting it. He constantly pointed out how weak they were, and maintained that it was time to reject the treaty and rebuild Germany.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Reparations In December 1922, the Reparations Commission announced that Germany was in default of payments (she had failed to deliver 100,000 telegraph poles to France). In January 1923, a Reparations Conference was held in Paris. Cuno asked for a four-year moratorium on reparations payments (Britain wanted a compromise).

  1. How far had the Weimar Republic recovered from its problems by 1928? Explain ...

    For the German economy to become much better Stresemann had introduced a new currency, this was the Rentenmark it allowed the financial system to start afresh.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Mussolini's Example In 1922, Mussolini had seized control of the government of Italy by marching on Rome. Hitler hoped to copy his example. 5. Bavarian Rebellion fails In Bavaria, the right-wing local government wanted to rebel against the Weimar Republic.

  1. It was a miracle that the Weimar Republic lasted until 1924. How far do ...

    With its severe loss of industry this became an impossibility as they now had far lesser means of making such money. Germany's army and armaments were hugely reduced, not only resulting in more mass unemployment (those de-mobbed soldiers as well as factory workers constructing the armaments)

  2. Nazism and the New Age.

    I would submit that his evident knowledge of the occult roots of Nazism disturbed Hitler and his fellow-initiates far more than anything Pius did later, for they were in the process of burying all such traces [see below]. The yet-stronger statements in "Mit Brennender Sorge" two years later probably intensified Nazi fears that their cover was about to be blown.

  1. Collapse of the Weimar republic.

    These unanticipated reactions largely robbed Germany of any advantage from economic self-discipline. economic dogmatism Domestically the Br�ning policies upset the political balance, since those whose belts were tightened turned to Rightist propaganda in desperation. Br�ning may have been sincere in his economic dogmatism, but the times called for unorthodox economic solutions.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    They wanted to nationalise industry but the Industrialists did not like this ? The Nazis changed their policy to suit the Industrialists ? shows their Flexibility Hitler the Superman: He was a strong leader and made powerful speeches which appealed to the German public because they wanted a strong leader.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work