• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Weimar Republic

Extracts from this document...


Essay Question Describe the political problems in Germany between 1918 and 1920. During the period between 1918 and 1920, Germany suffered from both economic and political instability. Economic instability could be seen through the amount of poverty and starvation in Germany, people were hungry and dying, and this was due to unemployment. There was political instability in Germany as there were threats from both extreme right and left wings. The extreme left wing consisted of the Spartacists and the Berevian uprising, who wanted Germany to become a communist country. On the other hand, the extreme right wing consisted off the Freikorps and the Kapp Putsch, who wanted an absolute monarchy, as they believed a democracy would weaken Germany. Also, Germany needed to draw up a new constitution as the Kaiser had abdicated. 2. Explain why Germany suffered from hyperinflation in 1923. Germany suffered from hyperinflation as a result of The French occupation of the Ruhr. This took place, as Germany had failed to pay their 2nd installment towards reparations. This infuriated the French so they decided to invade the Ruhr which was rich industrial land that belonged to Germany. As Germany could not pay the installment in cash, the French decided they would take goods and raw materials to pay towards the reparations. However, German workers reacted to by calling on passive resistance. The strike caused many problems for the economy and the government. ...read more.


This meant that all the governments were coalitions put together from several political parties. This led to weak governments as they found it very difficult to agree on policies. This also encouraged the growth of extremist parties such as the Communists because they knew they might be able to gain seats in Parliament, and therefore have a say in the running of the country. The Weimar Republic suffered from both economic and political instability. Economic instability could be seen through poverty and starvation. The unemployment rate was very high, as jobs were hard to find. Weimar also faced many political problems as threats from both extreme left and right wings were being received. The extreme left wing consisted of the Spartacists and Bavarian Uprising, who wanted Germany to be a communist country. On the opposing side were the Freikorps and the Kapp Putsch, who wanted an absolute dictatorship, where there would be a Keiser. The Treaty of Versailles had ordered that Germany pay reparations of �6.6 million. The Germans paid the first instalment of this bill in 1921 but then failed to pay their second instalment. The French were infuriated as they required the payment and invaded the Ruhr which was rich industrial area belonging to Germany, to take what they were owed by force. ...read more.


Any plan he carried out was to bring in new currency in order to solve the economic problems. He introduced a new currency called the Rentenmark, and destroyed the old mark. This restored confidence back into Germany, and things slowly become better. There was evidence that the Weimar Republic had recovered, this could be seen through the period of Prosperity, which lasted from 1924 to 1929. There was a lot of cultural revival, where artists, writers and poets flourished. Business boomed and industry was doing incredibly well. There was economic and political stability, as there were no threats from other political parties. There were lots of jobs, and people received higher and disposable wages, meaning they had more money to spend on their social lives. Eventually Germany had been invited to join the League of Nations in 1926. Germany seemed to have had recovered well from its previous problems, its threats had been crushed, loans had been taken out and all problems were effectively sorted. In conclusion to this, we can see that Germany had recovered to some extent. As it had resolved its economy and political stability, as well as restore its confidence back. However there is an argument that the country went through false prosperity, as it was based on American loans. Even though the country had recovered by 1928 there were futher problems just round the corner, including the Wolf Street Crash, which lead to a worldwide depression and masses of job losses. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    exhorted to recruit three new ones and one subscriber to the V�lkischer Beobachter every three months." NB - the party only really experienced major growth and neared 'mass movement' status in 1923. b. Methods i) Mass Meetings KD Bracher "The most effective tool was the elaborate rite of the mass-meeting,

  2. How far had the Weimar Republic recovered from its problems by 1928? Explain ...

    So the government had dealt with the hyperinflation well and also it made the German people bring back confidence and pride. The next problem faced by the Weimar Republic was the relations with other countries. Gustav Stresemann and other major government positions saw that the only way to help bring

  1. Year 11 History GCSE Coursework- Weimar Republic and Hitler

    Most Germans- but especially the middle classes with savings- went bankrupt, and the public became disillusioned with the Government, as poverty and unemployment rocketed. The Government's credibility was also affected by its dealing with the French invasion of the Ruhr.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    in Berlin in order to overthrow the government. They did manage to take over Berlin, but as a socialist city, Kapp was not likely to find many supporters in Berlin and so the government, fleeing the capital for safety, called for a general strike of German workers and without essential

  1. To what extent were the problems of 1919-1923 overcome by the Weimar Government by ...

    Plan was successful in re-creating a sound currency and...enabled her industry to be re-organised and her reparations payments to be met." By the end of 1924 the average wage in Germany was 10% higher than the previous year. The National Income was also increased and unemployment was reduced to one million for the first time since 1918.

  2. How far had the Weimar republic recovered by 1928?

    However, it just seemed to add to the problems for Germany. Germany was forced to accept war guilt, which meant that she had to agree to pay for the reparations. The final figure was not fixed until 1921; 2years after Germany was forced to sign.

  1. It was a miracle that the Weimar Republic lasted until 1924. How far do ...

    With its severe loss of industry this became an impossibility as they now had far lesser means of making such money. Germany's army and armaments were hugely reduced, not only resulting in more mass unemployment (those de-mobbed soldiers as well as factory workers constructing the armaments)

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    worse as prices fell How did the Depression Weaken the Weimar Republic? 1. Unpopular Economic Policies: 1. The Weimar Government did not want to print money and increase Government expenditure (give people jobs so they pay tax etc) because they were afraid of the effects of Hyperinflation in 1923.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work