• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11

Hitler's Germany Communist and Social Democrat parties Youth groups The churches The army

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GERMANY * Communist and Social Democrat parties * Youth groups * The churches * The army Each of these groups used different methods of opposition. Communist and Social Democrat parties After the parties were banned, many of the leaders went abroad but some stayed in Germany and continued to oppose Hitler by: * Printing newspapers and pamphlets * Putting up posters and slogans * Trying to organise strikes Many members of these organisations were arrested and punished. Youth groups The Hitler Youth was the only youth organisation allowed by the Nazis, but other groups politically opposed to Hitler continued to exist. These included: * The White Rose group of students at Munich University, who printed pamphlets about Nazi crimes. They were arrested and executed. * The Edelweiss Pirates, who at the end of the war helped army deserters and refugees and stole armaments - one group attacked the Gestapo but 12 of the leaders were publicly hanged. * The Swing movement, who met to dance and listen to forbidden jazz music, and welcomed Jews to their social clubs. The churches The SS dealt with dissident churchmen very harshly; many who opposed the Nazis, both Catholic and Protestant, were imprisoned in concentration camps. Prominent dissident churchmen included: * The Bishop of Munster, who criticised the Nazis in a sermon and tried to encourage people to stand against them. ...read more.

Middle

Social effects of hyperinflation Hitler's rise to power After the failure of the Munich Putsch in 1923 Hitler tried to gain power in a legitimate way - to be elected rather than to seize control. The Nazi vote was slow to increase during the 1920s while things were going well, but the Depression changed the situation. By 1933 the Nazi party was the largest in the Reichstag although the other parties, working together, could still outvote them. Below are some of the main reasons for Hitler's success in 1933. 1. Hitler was a great speaker. 2. The various political parties were not prepared to work together. 3. The Depression of 1929 created economic problems. 4. The Nazi stormtroopers, the SA and SS, attacked other political groups. 5. The Chancellors appointed by President Hindenburg did not have enough support in the Reichstag and had to rely on the President's emergency powers. 6. Goebbels organised a very effective propaganda campaign. 7. People were alarmed by the 1929 Depression because they could remember the crisis of 1923. 8. Hitler and the Nazis targeted specific groups of society with different slogans and policies to get their support. 9. People had little confidence in the democratic system and turned towards the extremist political parties like the Communists and Nazis during the Depression. ...read more.

Conclusion

This exercise looks at these different aspects of life in Nazi Germany but will also remind you about the key ideas of source evaluation. Start here In evaluating sources, two key areas are the reliability and the utility of the source. Reliability means assessing whether or not you can trust the information. * How was the source produced? * Was the author in a position to get accurate information? * When and where was the source produced? * Why was it produced? The historian might not be able to check all this, but it is important to know if the information was second hand, if the source was written 20 years later, or if the author was motivated by fear or greed. When the historian considers the utility of the source, he thinks whether a source can still contain valuable information about, for example, daily life or people's attitudes, even if it is unreliable. The Weimar Republic and Gustav Stresemann From 1919 until 1924 the Weimar Republic had somehow managed to survive political challenges, economic disaster and social discontent. This was followed by a period of stability and apparent prosperity until 1929, but historians disagree about the extent to which the Weimar Republic was secure in this period. This exercise will help you work out your own views on these issues, and will also remind you about the techniques involved in source evaluation ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Germany 1920's and 1930's - Look at the weaknesses of the government and the ...

    for the Treaty of Versailles and it then became a factor in Hitler's rise to power. Another reason why Hitler was able to rise to power was due to the failure of the Munich Putsch of November 1923. At his trial, Hitler gained enormous publicity, which made him well known.

  2. Nazi Strengths and Opposition Weaknesses

    Had Hitler's opposition joined together to make one large more powerful party they probably would have been strong enough to stop Hitler's rise to power they didn't though and there was nobody else who could stop him. There is evidence backing my thoughts on the opposition that comes from S

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Britain and the USA protested, and the USA withdrew her troops from the Rhineland. d. Ruhr Occupation The German government was not willing to accept foreign troops on its territory. Cuno announced that Germany would not pay until the French and Belgian troops were removed.

  2. To what extent did the Nazis achieve an economic miracle in Germany between 1933-1939?

    Part of the reason Germany had lost the Great War was because it hadn't been able to maintain these supplies. Hitler hoped to make Germany self-sufficient. The Nazis had been relatively unpopular between 1923-1928, but their fortunes changed with the Wall Street Crash in October 1929.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    In 1923 the Inter-Allied Commission declared Germany in arrears of timber and coal payments. France, also angry at the recently signed Treaty of Rapallo (between Germany and Russia) decided to force Germany to pay by invading the Ruhr (Germany's industrial heartland).

  2. Munich Putsch 1923 - Sources Questions

    His methods in doing this were violent and illegal, not democratic whatsoever. After the Munich Putsch failing Hitler was sentenced to 5 years in jail but only served 9 months. Prison did not change him though, his aims were still the same and he still wanted to become an all

  1. Did Nazi rule in Germany result in a social revolution.

    This was because anti-Semitism was already widespread. Next, we will be looking at eugenics, another policy the Nazis were successful in. To achieve their Volksgemeinschaft of well-bred Germans they needed to eliminate all threat towards it. They wanted a master race so could not have any weaknesses in society.

  2. Identify the different groups who voted Nazi during the years 1930-33. Why did these ...

    There were atypical examples of Catholic areas voting for Nazi, due to coloured political identity and social class. This political stance was one of defiance against Poland in towns in Silesia, where there were strong nationalist grievances. Also the middle class Catholics were the most susceptible to voting for the Nazi movement on the grounds that benefited their social status.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work