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How and why were the Jews persecuted in Nazi Germany before and during the Second World War?

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Introduction

How and why were the Jews persecuted in Nazi Germany before and during the Second World War? Introduction In this assignment I will be finding out how and why the Jews were persecuted before and during the Second World War. I will be analysing sources as well as researching about the persecution of Jews and I will to lay the facts clearly in this essay. I will split my essay into two main sections, these sections are: 1. Section A 2. Section B I will now give you a brief summary of the content of each of these sections. 1. Section A In this section I will focus my writing around the treatment of Jews before the Second World War. I will write about how the Jews were persecuted and why they were persecuted before the Second World War. I will mainly write about the causes of persecution and a number of consequences. This section will cover 10 topics such as Loss of world war one, The emergence of Hitler and Propaganda. 2. Section B In this section I will mainly focus on the consequences of the persecution during the Second World War. This section will contain the gruesome facts about the mass murders of the Jews during the Second World War. This section is split into 4 topics and some of the topics covered are Death squads and Concentration camps. Section A Anti-Semitism Anti-Semitism is the word uses to describe political, social and economic agitation and activities directed against Jewish people. It also includes speech and behavior that is derogatory towards Jewish people regardless of whether they are religious or not. Anti-Semitism usually nurtures during times of political or economic crisis and as in Germany in the 1880's and before and after WW2. The frustration is deflected on to scapegoats who are usually a minority group such as the Jews in Germany. ...read more.

Middle

Nobody stopped him. All the threats by the other countries were empty. By 1939 trade was booming and Germany had a powerful army and was in an excellent military position. Propaganda/Scapegoats Propaganda is an organised programme of publicity, selected information etc which is used to propagate a certain doctrine, practice, idea etc It can be said and written and as you hear or read about it day after day you start to believe it. Hitler had part of his government devoted to propaganda. Paul Joseph Goebbels was put in charge of propaganda. Goebbels used all media of education and communications to further Nazi propagandistic aims including the hatred of Jews and non-Aryans. The Nazis also used the Jews as scapegoats (Deliberately blame a group (usually minority group) or person for something that they never did) and said that the Jews were bad. They portrayed Jews as stingy, rich sub-humans who were responsible for everything bad that happened to Germany. Although Jews had also fought for Germany on the battlefield this constant repetition of what Jews were like got into the German mind. The Germans started to believe him because he was their leader, so they respected him. All German newspapers and radio were controlled by Nazis. They only published what they saw good to their policies. As the Germans read or heard everyday the accepted it even if it was bad. The papers were cheap and available nationally. Therefore their ideologies were easily spreadable and the German people's confidence shot up. Propaganda was spread by poster, radio, film, whispering, newspapers, speeches etc Nuremberg laws This was an anti-Jewish legislation passed by the Nazi government in 1933. By this time Hitler had become a dictator and nobody minded him becoming dictator. This meant that he had absolute power and nobody could advise him. He could do what ever he wanted and he directly controlled all fields of government. ...read more.

Conclusion

He made millions of Germans believe what he wanted and made them do what he wanted. It just shows us that propaganda can be a very useful yet deadly tool. He used the Jews as scapegoats and the cause of their problems and this is what the Germans wanted. They wanted to blame someone and Hitler said blame the Jews and so they did. I also think that it would have been good to get more of the German side of the story because what we know now is mostly from the allied viewpoint. I have also found out how prejudice discrimination and persecution is related. Prejudice Discrimination Persecution Prejudice leads to discrimination which can lead to persecution. Prejudice is an ideology that you have about a person or group. Discrimination is when you put that idea into actions. Persecution is when you turn the actions into violent actions. Now I'll give an example of each: Prejudice- Germans not liking Jews because they see them as the cause of loss of WW1. Discrimination- Jews not allowed going to school or having certain jobs. Persecution- 6 million Jews killed in concentration camps. Most people have prejudices but they leave it there. But others go one step further and actually put their prejudices in to action, as did the Nazis. Outsiders are usually the scapegoats. Outsiders as the minority in the community and insiders the majority. E.g. Jews outsiders Germans insiders. When society is under stress like Germany was they use outsiders as causes of their problem like the Germans blamed Jews. Because outsider groups are often less in number they are in a weak position e.g. Jews Outsider groups also have a different religion because they have migrated from other countries. E.g. Jewish You are not born with prejudice ideas but you learn them from your family, friends media etc like the Germans were not born to hate Jews but people like Hitler encouraged them to hate Jews. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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