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How did Hitler come to power in January 1933?

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Introduction

How did Hitler come to power in January 1933? After the first World War, Germany was torn into pieces, shattered and weak in every way that could possibly be imagined. The people, the entire country needed someone and something strong to hold on to. But how come they chose Hitler and Nazism as their way out of misery? The Weimar Republic faced many problems after WW1. The reparations of the country after the war had such an extremely high cost, that France realised that Germany would never find the money to pay them back, so they occupied he Ruhr region. Germany was basically in a severely big economic and political crisis. Money started to lose its worth and inflation was a fact. That there was political insecurity within the country did not exactly help the economics either. People started to distrust politicians and their parties as they showed that they could not rule the country in a proper way. The Allied blockade, which continued until after the Treaty of Versailles was signed, was devastating on the German people. It is thought that nearly 750,000 died of a combination of flu and starvation. A horrible example; the "Turnip Winter" of 1917, saw massive food shortages, the winter of 1917, the supply of potatoes had run out and the only real alternative was turnips. This is why the Winter of 1916 to 1917 is known as the "Turnip Winter". ...read more.

Middle

An illustration of the re-growth of the German economy was that by 1928 industrial production had surpassed pre-war levels. With the Weimar republic being a democratic state it meant that there was no censorship this sparked an explosion of creativity e.g. the Bauhaus movement and the German Expressionists (e.g. George Grosz). This broadened German horizons and people were pleased as it gave them the freedom to express themselves without being persecuted by the state. In difficult times like these, the people carve for something secure and trustworthy. Hitler's propaganda was due to this very effective. The Nazis became adept at propaganda. Hitler emphasized its importance and established the principles on which it should be based. Propaganda must be addressed to the masses and not to the intellectuals. Its function was to call the attention of the masses to certain facts, not to educate them. Since the masses were influenced more by emotions than by reason, propaganda must be aimed primarily at the emotions. Given the limited intelligence of the masses, propaganda had to focus on constant repetition of a few basic ideas, eventually establishing these ideas as truths in the minds of the masses. In addition, mass meetings were psychologically important in creating support for a movement. They offered a sense of community, gave meaning to life, and created the emotional effects that gave people strong convictions. The party's propaganda did not promise the people the sky and the stars, simply what they craved; lebensraum, bread and work. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also knew, from his days as a military information officer during the war, how to manipulate the press through leaks and insinuations and off-the-record briefings. Reporters found that Schleicher was a good source of information. Schleicher told them only what he wanted them to know. Of course, entire of Germany was not filled with Nazism supporting voters and politicians. Gregor Strasser, was even though he was a part of the Nazi party, actually more of a leftist. He had the nearly the same influence over things as Hitler. Gregor Strasser had different high positions within his party, but decided to give up politics after he had failed to convince Hitler to join in a coalition government. He was shot "Nacht der langen Messer". His brother was Otto Strasser, who formed with other "leftist" from the Nazi party, the party "Die Schwarzes Front". Otto Strasser continued trying to fight Hitler, but when Hitler had reached the power, Otto Strasser fled the country. After all of this had happened there was, officially and politically, no one fighting against Adolf Hitler. The conditions which enabled Hitler to rise to power coincide with Germany's failure in all different ways. The people felt unfairly treated, and their economic and social situation was unacceptable. Propaganda opened up their eyes for new possibilities ax well as their need to anyhow return to progressive lines. These conditions include Germany's political deal making after WW1, the horrific situation of the republic at the time, and the increase in popularity of the Nazi power due to all of these above; lead to a lethal victory for Adolf Hitler. ...read more.

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