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How Did Hong Kong Fall so Quickly to the Japanese in WWII

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´╗┐How did Hong Kong fall so quickly to the Japanese? On December 25th, 1941, the event known as the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong took place. On December 8th, the Japanese began an attack on Hong Kong. After 18 days of fighting, the governor of Hong Kong, Mark Young surrendered Hong Kong to the Japanese forces and that day was the beginning of the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. The invasion of Hong Kong began long after the attack of Pearl Harbour, Philippines and Malaysia. and At the start, invading Hong Kong was never part of the Japanese empire?s plan, but that was changed when Winston Churchill stated that Hong Kong would not stand a chance against the Japanese alone, but would never fall because it was under British government. Fighting alongside the Hong Kong Defence Forces were the British, Canadian and Indian forces. but despite the many soldiers, Hong Kong still fell to the Japanese in a matter of days. ...read more.


It only took the Japanese half a day to get to the Shing Mun redoubt. The Japanese managed to bomb Stone Cutters Island and Mount Davis from Kam Tin. Castle Peak Road was defended by a gun boat called the H.M.S. Cicala. The Japanese aircrafts began their assault. Later, the H.M.S. Cicala was damaged and had to go for repairs in Aberdeen, leaving the road undefended. The attack was unexpected, hence the British were unprepared and could not counter-attack because they did not have enough troops. They lost the redoubt in an hour and were forced to withdraw to Hong Kong Island. The British always expected an attack from the sea, and so had place most of their defences at the south of Hong Kong Island. They didn?t change this, even though the Japanese had already pushed through the Shing Mun redoubt and had full control over Kowloon. All the Japanese had to do to get to Hong Kong Island was cross the harbour. ...read more.


One of the main locations the Japanese targeted was Sha Tin. They wreaked havoc, such as breaking into shops and shooting up cars. The Hong Kong forces had a hard time trying to keep order in Sha Tin. The spies also helped the Japanese spot the Gin Drinker?s Line. However, it was not difficult to find at all. Apparently, the British had hung their washed underwear to dry at the top of the trenches because they weren?t expecting the Japanese for another week. The 5th Columnists played a big part in the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong by telling the Japanese of their plans. On 25th December, 1941, General Maltby and Sir Mark Young surrendered Hong Kong to the Japanese. I believe that if the British had thought their plan through and positioned their troops at the right places, were prepared for an attack at any time and didn?t underestimate the Japanese, I think that they may have been able to fend off the Japanese. Also, the British were busy fighting their own wars in Europe, so they could not send many troops over to Hong Kong. ...read more.

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