“ If the west did not gain much from colonization, it does not mean that the third world did not lose much” There were many historical facts to suggest that in fact, the west, somehow, did not gain much from colonization but did the third world lose much?
However, many aspects can be consider of interpreting the statement above about the third world. If we look at the statement from the west’s point of view. They possibly think that the third world did not lose much but that the third world are being helped to develop. Therefore, third world must gain much from the west through colonization. On the other hand, if we considered this from the third world’s point of view, they would probably or quite definitely think that they have lost much from being colonized by the west.
Therefore, in order to make any judgments to the statement above. We have to take into account both positive and negative aspects from both sides - The west and The Third world.
First of all, let us look at the positive aspect the west gained from colonization - imported of resources and raw materials as well as the use of labour resources from the third world countries. Thus, this spare resources are essentials for the process of expansion and development of the west. This, in turn, lead to technological, economical and industrial development of the west due to a low cost of production and cheap raw materials which they have obtained from their colonies countries. Especially, the cheap labour - There were even the introductions of forced labour (In Indonesia and some African countries.)
The resources from third world were mainly agricultural products or natural resources e.g. minerals, cottons etc. This does not seem that the west become industrialized only from the gain of low cost of production. However, even though the resources from the third world did not have a large effect to the west as a whole but it is profitable for specific individuals regions or sectors which then lead to a growing of becoming industrialized.
The products from the colonies were mainly tropical and some manufactured goods, which could only, represented a very small fraction of the total consumption of the west. Thus, the west has to wait for industrialization to make profitable. However, colonization was in fact, a primarily a result of industrial development to the first world during the 18-19th centuries. It has been known that the colonization played an important role of British technological and economic development but this still does not mean that the west gained much from colonization.