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How did the Civil Rights Movement Develop in the 1960's and 1970's?

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Introduction

How did the Civil Rights Movement Develop in the 1960's and 1970's? Compared with 1954, there had been huge change and many improvements in Civil Rights in the southern states of America by 1970. The first push towards change happened in 1954 with the Brown Vs Topeka Board of Education case. Mr. Brown's daughter had to walk 20 blocks to a black school when a white one was only 5 blocks away, so Brown took the education board to the Supreme Court. The result of this was that the Supreme Court ruled segregation in schools unconstitutional (illegal). Despite this ruling, segregation still took a number of years to happen. In 1957, nine black students attended Little Rock, a previously all white school. They were met by soldiers from the National Guard that had been sent by the governor. President Eisenhower used a court ruling to remove the troops but an angry mob of 1,000 whites met them and attacked them. ...read more.

Middle

Organizations such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) were set up to fight for civil rights peacefully. All these increased support for civil rights as they were peaceful. In 1962 in Birmingham, Alabama, authorities closed many public facilities to prevent integration. In protest MLK organised many marches around Birmingham. The authorities responded very brutally by using dogs and hoses on the protesters, many of whom were children. Racial abuse was also used but, fortunately, the media observed the whole thing and it was shown worldwide. This greatly increased support for blacks as the press had exposed the police. JFK finally passed a Civil Rights Bill to Congress. King's next move was a huge march in Washington called the March on Washington. It was aimed at getting the Civil Rights Bill passed. Here, King gave his famous 'I Have a Dream' speech which had a tremendous impact on public opinion. ...read more.

Conclusion

This lead to the increasing popularity of Black Power. Black Power meant that blacks were superior to whites and should force them to give them equal rights instead of peacefully asking. Groups such as the Black Panthers were formed which supported black power. Stokely Carmichael also took over SNCC and it adopted more radical policies. The final thing that made blacks angry was the Vietnam War. This was partly because there was a disproportionate number of blacks drafted to fight in a war they didn't believe in and partly because there was lots of protesting about the war and attention was being driven away from civil rights. So to summarise: although the Civil Rights Movement achieved many things such as the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act and worldwide support, people also thought it wasn't doing enough and turned to violence because change was too slow. So the Civil Rights movement had achieved many good and bad things throughout the course of 16 years. Richard Purchase. 10 B. ...read more.

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