• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Civil Rights Movement Develop in the 1960's and 1970's?

Extracts from this document...


How did the Civil Rights Movement Develop in the 1960's and 1970's? Compared with 1954, there had been huge change and many improvements in Civil Rights in the southern states of America by 1970. The first push towards change happened in 1954 with the Brown Vs Topeka Board of Education case. Mr. Brown's daughter had to walk 20 blocks to a black school when a white one was only 5 blocks away, so Brown took the education board to the Supreme Court. The result of this was that the Supreme Court ruled segregation in schools unconstitutional (illegal). Despite this ruling, segregation still took a number of years to happen. In 1957, nine black students attended Little Rock, a previously all white school. They were met by soldiers from the National Guard that had been sent by the governor. President Eisenhower used a court ruling to remove the troops but an angry mob of 1,000 whites met them and attacked them. ...read more.


Organizations such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) were set up to fight for civil rights peacefully. All these increased support for civil rights as they were peaceful. In 1962 in Birmingham, Alabama, authorities closed many public facilities to prevent integration. In protest MLK organised many marches around Birmingham. The authorities responded very brutally by using dogs and hoses on the protesters, many of whom were children. Racial abuse was also used but, fortunately, the media observed the whole thing and it was shown worldwide. This greatly increased support for blacks as the press had exposed the police. JFK finally passed a Civil Rights Bill to Congress. King's next move was a huge march in Washington called the March on Washington. It was aimed at getting the Civil Rights Bill passed. Here, King gave his famous 'I Have a Dream' speech which had a tremendous impact on public opinion. ...read more.


This lead to the increasing popularity of Black Power. Black Power meant that blacks were superior to whites and should force them to give them equal rights instead of peacefully asking. Groups such as the Black Panthers were formed which supported black power. Stokely Carmichael also took over SNCC and it adopted more radical policies. The final thing that made blacks angry was the Vietnam War. This was partly because there was a disproportionate number of blacks drafted to fight in a war they didn't believe in and partly because there was lots of protesting about the war and attention was being driven away from civil rights. So to summarise: although the Civil Rights Movement achieved many things such as the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act and worldwide support, people also thought it wasn't doing enough and turned to violence because change was too slow. So the Civil Rights movement had achieved many good and bad things throughout the course of 16 years. Richard Purchase. 10 B. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. The Civil Rights Movement Project

    This sent Malcolm's mother Louise Little of the edge, so she was moved into a State Mental Hospital at Kalamazoo in 1937, were she lived he rest of her 26 years. Malcolm was moved to Boston to live with his sister and worked as a waiter in Harlem.

  2. What happened at Sharpeville on 21 March 1960? Massacre or self defence?

    Also the death and wounded toll is much lower than the other Sources written by people outside of the authorities. At the time in Africa there was much outrage around the world at the segregation rules were becoming tougher when most of the earth was starting to believe in equal rights.

  1. Why did the civil rights movement run into difficulties in the 1960's?

    The presidents reaction to this was to make sure that no further assistance is given to Martin Luther King due to the criticism and the money went to the war and not the ghettos. To summarise why the civil rights movement run into difficulties in the 1960's was due to

  2. History Civil Rights Coursework Sources Questions

    blacks because now one black Justice had come in, it would be easier to get other black justices in, because anyone saying they wouldn't be good enough could be pointed at Marshall, and proved wrong. Martin Luther King won the Nobel Peace prize in 1964, showing that his commitment was recognised.

  1. The Civil Rights Movement achieved a great deal in the 1950s and 1960s

    Not only is how they will do this vague, but it's rather intimidating to a listener, at least if they're white. A speech is a piece of rhetoric that often uses exaggerations and other persuasive techniques, and this speech is quite eccentric and radical in places, emphasising the idea of all whites being racist.

  2. Black civil rights

    By 1914 had 300 branches and 90000 members campaigned for equality. It publicised lynching, its legal team campaigned to end 'Jim Crow'. The UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Agency) founded by Marcus Gavey, helped set up black businesses. At its height there were 1 million members.

  1. 'The Civil Rights Movement achieved a great deal in the 1950's and 1960's' Do ...

    But there are also a number of reasons against the title statement. Firstly this is a personal view so there is an element of bias and it is also quite a selfish view as he fails to acknowledge any other way of gaining equality such as the Black Power group.

  2. What were the causes of the Black Riots in the 1960s?

    In addition to the problems still being faced by Black people such as housing, unemployment and education, there were two main triggering factors which led to these riots. The first of these incidents was the beating of a black man named Rodney King by L.A.P.P police officers in the early hours of March 3rd 1991.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work