• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Civil Rights Movement Develop in the 1960's and 1970's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did the Civil Rights Movement Develop in the 1960's and 1970's? Compared with 1954, there had been huge change and many improvements in Civil Rights in the southern states of America by 1970. The first push towards change happened in 1954 with the Brown Vs Topeka Board of Education case. Mr. Brown's daughter had to walk 20 blocks to a black school when a white one was only 5 blocks away, so Brown took the education board to the Supreme Court. The result of this was that the Supreme Court ruled segregation in schools unconstitutional (illegal). Despite this ruling, segregation still took a number of years to happen. In 1957, nine black students attended Little Rock, a previously all white school. They were met by soldiers from the National Guard that had been sent by the governor. President Eisenhower used a court ruling to remove the troops but an angry mob of 1,000 whites met them and attacked them. ...read more.

Middle

Organizations such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) were set up to fight for civil rights peacefully. All these increased support for civil rights as they were peaceful. In 1962 in Birmingham, Alabama, authorities closed many public facilities to prevent integration. In protest MLK organised many marches around Birmingham. The authorities responded very brutally by using dogs and hoses on the protesters, many of whom were children. Racial abuse was also used but, fortunately, the media observed the whole thing and it was shown worldwide. This greatly increased support for blacks as the press had exposed the police. JFK finally passed a Civil Rights Bill to Congress. King's next move was a huge march in Washington called the March on Washington. It was aimed at getting the Civil Rights Bill passed. Here, King gave his famous 'I Have a Dream' speech which had a tremendous impact on public opinion. ...read more.

Conclusion

This lead to the increasing popularity of Black Power. Black Power meant that blacks were superior to whites and should force them to give them equal rights instead of peacefully asking. Groups such as the Black Panthers were formed which supported black power. Stokely Carmichael also took over SNCC and it adopted more radical policies. The final thing that made blacks angry was the Vietnam War. This was partly because there was a disproportionate number of blacks drafted to fight in a war they didn't believe in and partly because there was lots of protesting about the war and attention was being driven away from civil rights. So to summarise: although the Civil Rights Movement achieved many things such as the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act and worldwide support, people also thought it wasn't doing enough and turned to violence because change was too slow. So the Civil Rights movement had achieved many good and bad things throughout the course of 16 years. Richard Purchase. 10 B. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. The Civil Rights Movement Project

    streets in a wave of violent riots, they couldn't understand why anybody would want to harm Dr King as he had never harmed anybody. In remembrance, Dr King has his own holiday held on the 15 January named Martin Luther King Day.

  2. What happened at Sharpeville on 21 March 1960? Massacre or self defence?

    In the 18th century the Voortrekkers (Africaner travellers) invaded many tribal areas where they tried to take authority. The Prime Minister of South Africa in 1960 was Dr Verwoerd. In Source I you can see that he was quoting different figures to what has been seen in the other sources and says different things.

  1. 'The Civil Rights Movement achieved a great deal in the 1950's and 1960's' Do ...

    So there are a few issues which go against the title statement. But like most sources there again is lack of sufficient evidence which means it is difficult to say which point of view the source has, but the information that is supplied gives a stronger for argument than against

  2. Why did the civil rights movement run into difficulties in the 1960's?

    for America to get involved in the war so why is the government using the money that can be used to help poor African Americans in the ghettos. On the other hand he didn't want to criticise the government because Martin Luther King believed that no further action or change will occur if he treats the government in this manner.

  1. What were the causes of the Black Riots in the 1960s?

    Traffic officers stopped King's car after a high speed chase. Ordering him from the ear, the four men and women repeatedly beat Mr King with their batons. This suffered a fractured skull and obtained many internal injuries. The entire incident was caught of camera by a passer by and the officers were soon arrested.

  2. The JFK assassination.

    This was at least the first shot or perhaps the second fired at the President, and perhaps the first one that had struck him. There was then another explosion and the right hand side of her husband's skull exploded in a shower of blood and matter.

  1. The Civil Rights Movement achieved a great deal in the 1950s and 1960s

    However, the march was part of a long-running campaign, which eventually led to the passing of: the Voting Rights Act; the Civil Rights Act and the 24th amendment. Taken together, these are probably the most important pieces of legislation in the entire Civil Rights Movement.

  2. Free essay

    Do humans still have their rights?

    We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motel of the highways and the hotel of the cities...We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work