• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11

How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Shimon Simon History Coursework 9/4/02 How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise to power? Question 1 The Treaty of Versailles was a conference lasting a year and ended when two German representatives signed it on the 28th June 1919. It was an edict against Germany by the allied powers due to WW1. The Leaders of Britain Being David Lloyd George, France- Georges Clemenceau and the US leader Woodrow Wilson took the important decision of Versailles. The main terms can be split into 5 areas. Germany had to accept the blame for starting the war. Germany's army was limited to 100,000 men. Conscription was banned. No armoured vehicles, submarines or aircraft were to be used by them. The Navy could only build six battleships. The Rhineland was to be demilitarised. �6.6million was to be paid as reparations to the allied powers. German Overseas Empire was taken away. 10% of Germany was to be taken away and Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria. The League of Nations was to be set up. The overall reaction of Germans was outrage. They were infuriated especially because they had to take all the blame for the war. They felt that taking 16% of its coalfields and 1/2 of it iron and steel factories and then making it pay �6.6 billion in reparations was unacceptable. They were also infuriated at the fact they would lose 10% of land and all its overseas colonies and not being invited to the League of Nations. They were also angry at the small amount of military capabilities authorized by them. They did not even feel they had lost the war. The Germans did not know how much their military capabilities had been depleted, so they thought that German politicians had agreed to a ceasefire and should have been at Versailles. And they were forced to sign a treaty without any comment. ...read more.

Middle

This was hope to a desperate people. We can therefore see how the Treaty of Versailles helped Hitler into power since it created a forlorn people who would cast their votes to the extreme right to the National socialists. Versailles also indirectly caused the Occupation of the Ruhr, passive resistance and an amplification of the effect on Germany because of the 1929 Wall Street Crash. Question 2 A long-term cause is an event or cause which can be traced back long before the main event. It may also have long-term consequences. A Short-term cause is a trigger or catalyst, which sparks change. The rise of Hitler to power was instigated by a combination of long and short term causes. The Treaty of Versailles was a long-term cause happening more then a decade before Hitler even became Chancellor of Germany. Hindenberg and Von Papen's decision to choose Hitler as chancellor on the other hand was a short-term cause. It happened close to Hitler's rise in 1933. And was a short and swift decision by the two politicians. All the causes however are linked in some way making a chain of events. The Economic depression of 1923 made people think that the Weimar Republic was weak and so Hitler thought the time was ripe to revolt at The Munich Putsch. The Economic depressions of 1923 and 1929 also lead to serge in extremist parties especially the communists. Middle class industrialists despised the communist parties because they would take all their wealth. Therefore they supported Hitler and the Nazi Party who were against Communism. If everyone supported Hitler he had to be chosen as chancellor by Hindenberg and Von Papen. The Treaty of Versailles meant there was a loss of Military strength and German Land. This attacked German pride and power so the German population detested the Weimar republic for signing it and made them look feeble and weak. ...read more.

Conclusion

Versailles caused reparations which caused the Weimar government making a mistake leading to hyperinflation which led to Germany being reliant on America for money which led to a massive depression when the Wall Street crash happened. These economic crises instigated the rise of extremist parties like the Nazis and Communists. The rich did not want communists in power so backed the Nazis so Hitler came into power as chancellor. Although Hitler was chancellor and the Nazi party was the biggest single party they did not have a majority in the Reichstag. What Hitler needed was an act which would give Hitler the power of passing laws without consulting the Reichstag and basically make Germany dictatorship. Hitler would not have the votes to pass this law without making radical changes to government. The first step was to ban the communists. He managed to do this when the Reichstag building was burnt down. Hitler blamed the communists and declared that this fire signalled communist uprising. He was given emergency powers by the president and so Hitler started arresting communists, broke up meetings and frightening voters. No one actually knows how the fire was started but one of the theories was that it was the work of the Nazis. Hitler then called another election on 5th March 1933 but again did not get a majority getting 288 seats to 359 by all other parties in total. Therefore to gain power he intimidated the Social democrats and coaxed them into voting for an enabling act which gave Hitler the ability to create laws without the approval of the Reichstag or the president. The Reichstag was basically voting themselves out of existence and make a Nazi dictatorship. Since Hitler had managed to oust the communists out of government and coerce the Social democrats the enabling act was passed with 444 votes to 94. This is a short term cause since it triggered Hitler's rise and caused the Nazis through Hitler to become all powerful. It also occurred in a short space of time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    The German people were strongly against the reparations not just because of the extreme price but because it was based on the War Guilt Clause which Germany was strongly against because of the fact that they had not started the war.

  2. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    In 1919 it was 8.9 marks to one U.S dollar; by November 1923 the exchange rate was an unbelievable 4,200,000,000 marks to one U.S dollar! Such steep price rises caused terrible hardship for millions of people. The hardest hit, were the people who lived on fixed incomes such as a pension.

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Putsch in Berlin, went to conferences of right-wing groups in Austria and in May 1920 addressed a rally of the German V�lkish Defence and Offence League in Stuttgart. Hitler's forceful nature ensured that the party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (National-Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei, or Nazi for short)

  2. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    Even under these circumstances propaganda was able to persuade the majority of the public that war was unavoidable and that it had been forced on the Government (Welch, Nazi Propaganda, 1983, p.186). When considering propaganda in terms of exploiting foreign policy successes one cannot ignore the fact that whilst propaganda

  1. What was it like to live in Nazi Germany? How did life change for ...

    Did Hitler keep his promises about the Church? Hitler's promise about not harming the Church was not kept, or at least not interpreted in the same way by us as Hitler interpreted it. Hitler was thinking of a new kind of church; the 'National Reich Church' which was set up in 1936.

  2. Hitler's Rise to Power

    Hitler realized the need for a strong nationalist government. Therefore, he led a rebellious march in Munich on November 9th, 1923, in attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic. Although the march failed, Hitler not only gained fame from his trials but also learnt from the mistake and changed his approach, to gain support by boosting the German self-esteem.

  1. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler's rise in power?

    The Treaty of Versailles allowed Hitler to take advantage his oratory skills as it gave him something to attack - "What would I like to do with the Treaty of Versailles.

  2. The economic depression was the most important factor in Hitler's rise to power, discuss.

    In this way one can conclude that the pre-1929 organisations were the most important factor in Hitler becoming Chancellor. A final reason why Hitler came to power shall now be examined, this is that of Hitler's political intrigues.In June 1932, when Hitler gained 37% in the Reichstag, he demanded to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work