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How effective was the Evacuation?

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Evacuation The evacuation has got to do with the movement of vulnerable people and children out of the city and into the country sides in case if the country starts getting bombed. The evacuation plan began in the 1930s. In August 1938 Adolf Hilter began making speeches that suggested he was going to send the German Army into Czechoslovakia. The British government now began to fear a war with Nazi Germany and Neville chamberlain ordered that Air Raid Precautions (ARP) volunteers to be mobilized. Cellars and basements were requisitions for air raid shelters, deep trenches were dug in the parks of large towns and the government also ordered the flying barrage balloons over London. The government also made plans for the evacuations of all children from Britain's large cities. Sir John Anderson, who was placed in charge of the scheme, decided to divide the country into three areas: evacuation (people living in urban districts where heavy bombing raids could be expected); neutral (areas that would neither send nor take evacuees) ...read more.


By January 1940, an estimated one million evacuees had returned home this shows that parents did not like evacuation and doubted the danger. In April 1940, another plan was made, this was due to France been invaded by Germany in May, children who had sent to areas within ten miles of the coast in East Anglia, Kent and Sussex were transferred to South Wales. By the end of July nearly half of the population of East Anglian's coastal towns and two-fifths of the inhabitants of Kentish towns on the coast had left for safer regions of the country. When the Luftwaffe began bombing Britain in July 1940 another major evacuation took place. In few weeks 213,000 unaccompanied children left Britain's largest industrial cities. The reason for this was because the bombing started and we wanted to keep women working in the factories. ...read more.


The government also set up a children's overseas reception Board (CORB) which arranged for children to be sent to USA, Canada and Australia. In the first few months over 210,000 were registered with the scheme. However, after the city of Bernares was sunk by a German torpedo on 17th September 1940, killing 73 children, the overseas evacuations programme was brought to a halt. In 1944 another wave of evacuation took place because of the V2 rockets or buzz bombs, which were destroying London. Therefore there were many reasons for evacuation, to protect the kids and to keep up morale. These changed as the war went on. Politicians would have had lots of reasons which might have changed as the war went on. For example, a politician may have started wanting to evacuate if a war started to protect children but once France fell he may have needed to keep up morale so that Britain wouldn't surrender. ...read more.

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