• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How fully do the sources explain the role of individuals in improving the position of African Americans between 1900 and 1980?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How fully do the sources explain the role of individuals in improving the position of African Americans between 1900 and 1980? mr Daniel Shaun Bimpson of Form Group 13-8 The sources, although short, contain analytical content that gives a good introduction to the work of two of the most important 20^th century US civil rights protestors. Source B mentions Booker T Washington's main political achievement, which was the establishment of links with the white house, and also mentions Washington's emphasis on education and economic factors. Similarly, source C mentions Garvey's psychological achievement of encouraging Afro-Americans to become involved in the movement. Both sources imply more than is stated above, but the above is all that can be stated for sure, with no extra knowledge. For example, source B describes Washington as being not an "out of touch" leader. His policy of primarily wishing to give afro-Americans work skills (as opposed to "less economically useful" academic education), was seen by many as being in tune with afro-American wants and needs. ...read more.

Middle

This, coupled with the above mentioned non-explicit division of improvements means that further explanation is required for a full overview. During the said period, a number of great advancements in the political position of afro-Americans were made, as well as the establishment of links with the Whitehouse by Washington in the early 20^th century. It was the work of individuals such as William E.B.DuBois and Martin Luther King, who campaigned for equal voting rights that enabled afro-Americans to be able to have, at least in one sense, equal political footing as their white counterparts. Later individuals, notably Jesse Jackson, would work to encourage afro-Americans to actually take advantage of this right- Jackson doing so by running for a presidential candidacy. Thurgood Marshall was able to use his position as Solicitor General and later a Justice of the Supreme Court, to alter the political position of afro-Americans. Being himself a black man, his appointment is evidence of the success of his predecessors. ...read more.

Conclusion

Neither quote sets out that that this is the case and that this is in contrast to other individuals in the period. For example, de jure segregation was challenged by Du Bois' challenging of the Jim Crow laws and Marshall's outstanding legal record in a number of important civil rights cases, as well as his stance in the Supreme Court. It was schemes such as Jackson's rainbow coalition that aimed to bring about de facto equality. However, historian Maldwyn Jones suggests that Washington's apparent aim was a cause of the circumstances in which he was in- that he perhaps believed that separate was the only way equality could, but not necessarily should happen, and uses Washington's private contributions to cases challenging de jure segregation as evidence. The fact that Malcolm X was to change his stance from separatist to integrated could also be used as similar evidence that overall individual's roles have been important in improving the position of African-Americans, but also the context in which the individuals have worked have been a large influence in doing so- economically, politically, and socially, in the period 1900-1980. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    The NAACP was the organisation that achieved most for African Americans during the 20th ...

    4 star(s)

    This was the case that meant that the S.C. recognised that the "separate but equal" facilities doctrine was unworkable, and led to segregation in schooling being declared unconstitutional. Although not accepted by all states (most notably Arkansas, with the extreme situation that evolved at Little Rock High School), it was

  2. Civil Rights Coursework Sources Questions

    This shows how well King had used the media to his advantage and made sure that no one could ignore the struggle that black people faced. This led to his success in getting the Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed and making him arguably the most famous face of the black struggle.

  1. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    Lyndon Baines Johnson, the new resident took up the cause and was able to get the legislation passed with the support of Martin Luther King and Many other Christian leaders. This shows how much of an influence Christianity was in ending racial segregation, overcoming such great challenges and suggests that religion was far from promoting racial segregation.

  2. Discrimination Sources Question

    This tells us a lot about their attitude, as they have no apparent fear of being put under arrest for committing this crime. 6. 'The lonesome death of Hattie Carroll' is a song written by Bob Dylan. It is about a rich man murdering a poor woman and getting a small sentence.

  1. Compare the position of Booker T Washington and W.E.B Dubios in promotion the Position ...

    In his speech the 'Atlanta Compromise' he implied his acceptance of white supremacy and thus forth enabled him to get white supporters on his views of African American education and even become an adviser for President McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt on African American affairs.

  2. The scope of this investigation is to discover the Rastafari movement mainly by considering ...

    Reggae representing the idea of Rastafari Reggae - Rhythm out of the ghettos of Jamaica When "Toots" Hibbert and the Maytals called one of their songs "Do the Reggae", in 1968, they invented the name of a new kind of music.

  1. Red Record

    It grieves me to learn that more people died unjustly and without a trial than people who were tried and convicted in a court of law in the United States during this era. Wells-Barnett states that she did not write her paper in the spirit of vindictiveness; nevertheless, it is

  2. How united were African Americans in the struggle for Civil Rights in the period ...

    However, each had different aims and ideology and contrasting one another. This divided their support and is a typical example of disunity in the civil rights struggle. One of these emerging leaders was Booker T. Washington. In 1881 he set up the Tuskegee Institute.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work