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How realistic is a United Ireland in the context of past and present events? Support your answer by using your knowledge of the current situation and key historical events.

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Introduction

How realistic is a United Ireland in the context of past and present events? Support your answer by using your knowledge of the current situation and key historical events. The current situation in Ireland is the division between the North of Ireland and the south of Ireland. This is the heart of the problem. Geographically Ireland is one country but politically there are two countries Northern Ireland that is part of the U.K and southern Ireland, which has been independent since 1921. There would be a solution to the problem by integration of Catholics and Protestants and Ireland becoming one country. Integration is the incorporation of disparate religious elements of the population into a unified society, providing equality of opportunity for all members of that society. This would mean that Catholics (nationalists) and Protestants (unionists) would join and live together. This would bring some to solutions to the problem but there would still be a division between the two religions. The situation today is under the Good Friday Agreement, which will try and provide equality in both religions. Today Ireland is still split by the division and recent events show young school children being subjected to violence because they had to walk through a protestant area to reach their catholic school. These children were only five years old and I think that this is not one of the ways to solve the problems in Ireland. The heart of the situation began cerca to the 15th century when Henry VIII ruled England and he began to alter the church, although fundamentally he did want to introduce Protestant doctrine. It was Henry's policy thus to conciliate the Irish and to leave them under their own laws. It was henrys alterations to religion, which has since caused all the conflict between Catholics and Protestants, which still is an on going situation today. Edward VI was Henry VIII's only son, he succeeded the throne in 1547. ...read more.

Middle

A truce agreed between the D�il and the British authorities in July 1921 led to negotiations in October-December and the signing of an agreement, the Anglo-Irish Treaty. This agreement provided that within one month of the establishment of an all-Ireland Region of the British Commonwealth, to be known as the Irish Free State. Later, in negotiations that led to the Anglo-Irish Agreement of 1938, the issue of partition was raised, to no effect. However, in July 1940 an offer of Irish unity was made, without the knowledge of the Northern Ireland government, by the administration of Winston Churchill, in return for Irish participation in World War II. Between 1954 and 1962 the IRA organized a campaign of cross-border raids. However, the persistence of discrimination against the Catholic Nationalist minority in Northern Ireland in relation to housing, employment, and the local government franchise provoked in the second half of the 1960s a civil rights campaign; and a hard-line response to this by the Northern Ireland government eventually led to rioting, to attacks on nationalist areas in Belfast, and to the introduction of the British army to restore order. This in turn led to a revival of the dormant IRA and to 25 years of terrorism and counter-terrorism. An increase of violence between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland in the late 1960s was followed by the formation of the Provisional IRA. In the late 1970s and early 1980s the Irish government faced difficult problems: increased terrorism in the North by the provisional IRA. In 1985 the Anglo-Irish Treaty was brought in and signed by the English prime minister. Anglo-Irish Agreement was the official agreement on security cooperation between the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. The Agreement was a response to continuing violence in Northern Ireland between extremists from Catholic and Protestant communities, and to the continuing terrorist activities of the IRA, attended by growing Catholic support for the IRA's allied party, Sinn Fein. ...read more.

Conclusion

This majority as led to a lot of violence in the past. Would there be an end to the IRA because they make money from terrorism so the IRA would loose out on a lot of money. The IRA are a strong terrorist group with extremists would they be able to give this up for peace in Ireland. I think personally there will never be an end to the Ira, if this was such a big business and they made lots of money they wouldn't give all that up for a United. The British Government I think sees Ireland as a defence unit for Britain. If Britain help and try and give both nationalists and loyalist what they wanted they could probably bring in other terrorists groups and open fire in England. In every party there are moderate and extremists and if a solution was to be proposed the moderate people might agree but what is to say that the extremists would. The extremists are going to fight and put forward their views and use violence the moderates are willing to make sacrifices unlike the extremists. Realistically there will never be a solution. People are too strong-minded in their beliefs, which they have been given and brought up by parents and grandparents. They need to forgive and forget but it will never be that simple. Even if the government were to agree this doesn't mean to say that the people of Ireland will agree to it because they might not believe in the same things as the politicians do and to them it seems that they don't have a say on what happens in their country. It's the people in Ireland that need to come up with a solution, because it will affect their lives. I think that there might not be a solution because of the government even though they are only trying to help Ireland but if only the people were to have a say then their might be a solution out there and people themselves maybe willing to come together and live as one Irish State. ...read more.

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