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How Stable Was the Weimar Republic Between 1925 and 1929?

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Introduction

How Stable was the Weimar Republic between 1925 and 1929? I am going to look at the years of 1925 to 1929 and establish how stable they were politically and economically for the Weimar republic. First of all I need to determine what is meant by 'stable'. In today's context I suppose it would mean a well ordered, prosperous society led by a democratic leader seeking to better the country. This is my interpretation and as such is not universally accepted, in fact it maybe unique to me but never the less will be used as a platform for comparison. To go back to the time however and contrast 1925-29 with 1918-23 would make it seem considerably more stable than what we might call stable today. To try and better understand the divisions within the republic we have to look at the foundations. The Germans had been forced to agree to armistice terms offered by the allies due to SPD action in causing disruption in government. I believe this won them no friends. As such the republic was forced upon the German people, so from the start the democracy was unwelcome by the right and more extreme left wing groups such as communists (KPD) and Spartacists. Elite's supported the republic through fear of alternatives; many key figures in society; judges and civil servants disliked republic! ...read more.

Middle

Although it was not the revision of article 231, which arguably means he failed in his foreign policy objectives, but the sums of money that were to be paid that were revised and lowered. The Loacarno Pact of October 1925 can be seen as a point, which proves divisions will always remain no matter what. In 1926 Steresmann won the Nobel Peace prize for his contributions to the new atmosphere of co-operation, i.e. the locarno pact. Yet many Germans saw the locarno pact as benefiting the French only and further more the league of nations was seen as the enforcer of versailles so entry into this was unwelcomed by many. So no matter what Steersman did he could not win! There is a strong thought that if Stresemann could have had article 231 revised then the Weimar Republic would have been greatly stablaised due to the war guilt clause being dropped. In addition would have resolved reperation payments, but as he failed in his main foreign policy objective it did the republic little good. I feel that Stresemann failed in his foreign policy, to a certain degree, because of his political background. He was a national liberal that felt the way forward was to accept the republic. This however was not what the nationalistic right felt but what the more moderate left favoured. ...read more.

Conclusion

Polotical stability rose after 1924 but that was compared with the turmoil of earlier years, the instabililty is further verified by employers trying to claw back the initiative they felt they had lost to the trade unions, which were seen by many as to powerful. It is argued that they squezed profits and middle class income thus hindered the economy. To couple this with 210,000 workers locked out in 1928 it is quite plain that there is social and political unrest in all areas of the Weimar republic. The social effects of the Weimar republic were to greatly upset the country the fears of cultural decay were politicised by the right and blamed by the lazy, un-German Weimar republic. I feel this is a major part as although it did not do anything to affect the things such as article 231 it played a major part in peoples social lives and if they don't feel secure in themselves then it is not going to help the republic any as it promotes this alien form of culture Therefore I believe that the country was stable compared with 1918-23, if it weren't then i hardly think they would be called 'The Golden Years', but were unstable enough to cause the events to happen which happened, and the wall street crash was a major player as it caused the depression but even without the crash the country was still unstable. ...read more.

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