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In this task I will forward a brief exposition of the resettlement itself, and the methods of 'encouragement' employed by the Nazi regime. I will then use the given sources to assess the Jewish and German attitudes and reactions to this resettlement.

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Introduction

Question 5, Source I clearly shows the systematic methods of the Nazi's in their deportation of the Jews from the Warsaw ghetto. With the help of sources F, G, H, I and J explain Jewish and German attitudes/ reactions to this resettlement. In this task I will forward a brief exposition of the resettlement itself, and the methods of 'encouragement' employed by the Nazi regime. I will then use the given sources to assess the Jewish and German attitudes and reactions to this resettlement. In 1942 the Wansee Conference determined a strategy that involved an official policy for the elimination of 11 million Jews from the European mainland. The intended to round up all of the Jews, transport them across to the east, and viciously work them to death. While genocide was not spoken aloud or to the wrong sort of people, the preparations to and the installation of gas chambers in the concentration camps began straight after the conference. The 'Final Solution of the Jewish Problem' was to be administered systematically, as source I clearly demonstrates to us. Adolf Eichmann was to be given the responsibility of the administration of this strategy. The Nazi's introduced a strategy this was clearly made up of starvation, deception, and terror, this was mainly for the reason that they wanted to make sure that the Jews resettled in the East. The Jewish community were enticed by the thought of more food, offered by the Nazi's, should they agree to resettlement. ...read more.

Middle

Kaplan credits only, "the intelligent and perceptive" with the insight to understand the nature of Nazi deception, and the promise of a better life in the resettled area. Source G is an extract from Gilbert's Final Journey, thus it provides secondary material, however it includes some primary source extracts from Chaim Kaplan' diary entry of 30th July. This source demonstrates the strategy used by the Nazi's of 'starvation, deception and terror' as a means to ensure the Jewish resettlement. Food premiums were used to entice the starving population to make the journey. As Kaplan noted "large posters have been put up on many courtyards to say that all those who voluntarily come to the transfer point will receive 3 kilos of bread and 1 kilo of marmalade to take with them on their wanderings". In source G there is also a reference to one other Jewish boy's recollection in regards to the Nazi deception that the resettled areas offer and promise a better life than the ghettos. This boy recalled that, "wherever it would be, we imagined that it couldn't be a worse place". Gilbert also reveals that the third prong in the strategy, terror, i.e. the coercion of the population from entire areas, "sending them to train station to make their final journey". Source G also refers to the tragic suicide of Adam Czerniakow, head of the Jewish council. He was pressurised by the Nazis to sign the deportation orders for 10,000 Jewish children. ...read more.

Conclusion

Golhagen's argument concludes that anti-Semitism permeated all segments of German society including the ordinary working class, the professions, and even the churches. Overall this source, and indeed Golhagen's exposition on his topic in general, re-examines the vie that Hitler and the Nazi administration were solely to blame for the holocaust, and forwards the argument that the attitude of 'ordinary Germans' deemed them guilty of complicity in this enormous crime. Overall, sources F, G, H, I and J give a broad range of interpretations of Jewish and German attitudes to the resettlement of Jews. Sources F, G, and H focus on how the Nazi's kept the Jews in the dark about their intentions. As a result many Jews were unaware of their fate, concentration on their everyday lives rather than pondering on the Nazi strategy towards their race. The majority of Jews believed that the persecution that they were subjected to within the ghetto was the culmination of their suffering. However, Chaim Kaplan's diaries reveal the existence of perceptive and intelligent individuals who could decipher the Nazi deception, realising the true fate that lay ahead. Source I forwards cold and calculated statistical evidence of the vast number of deaths and deportation within the Warsaw ghetto in a business-like statistical report. Source J is a revisionist account that firmly accuses the ordinary Germans of all walks of life of participating willingly in the extermination of the Jews. Thus, it argues that the 'Final Solution' was a policy that was received favourably by the deeply anti-Semitic German people who genuinely believed that the Jews were not fit to live. ...read more.

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