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In what ways and with what success did successive British governments seek to promote disarmament and international harmony during the 1920(TM)s?

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Introduction

In what ways and with what success did successive British governments seek to promote disarmament and international harmony during the 1920's? Introduction: During the 1920's the main aim of British foreign policy was to avoid ever having to fight a war on such a scale as the First World War ever again. As a result we can see that the efforts of successive British government, both Conservative and Labour, were focussed on promoting international harmony. This also included the desire to disarm to such an extent that no major power would be in a position to dominate in Europe and threaten the peace. There were major obstacles to these aims during this period which jeopardised the extent to which Britain could be successful in her aims. ...read more.

Middle

To some extent it is possible to conclude that from the fears of the early twenties Europe moved to a more optimistic period after the Treaty of Locarno in 1926 and the relative success of both the League of Nations and the limited disarmament of the period. How far this is a result of the success of British governments is what we must investigate in this essay. * Look at Disarmament 'most British governments in the 1920's favoured disarmament for political and economic reasons....' * Discussion of success/failure of disarmament. P41-43 German disarmament 1919, Washington Naval Conference, Locarno * International Harmony - relations with Russia - Labour + economic treaties - effects of Rapallo (German rearmament) ...read more.

Conclusion

This was to be done by attempting to ameliorate the impact of Versailles on Germany. Lloyd George, as early as 1920 realised that a weakened and humiliated Germany remained a potential threat to the peace of Europe. Britain's future economic success also required an economically strong Germany. This explains many of the policies that successive British governments followed during this period. What was needed in Europe was an effective balance of power that the Treaty of Versailles had not provided. As we have seen the Europe that emerged after Locarno in 1926 appeared a far more optimistic place than previously, however, by 1930 the dark clouds of Nazism were gathering and it was going to be more difficult for British governments to have a real influence on harmony and disarmament in Europe. ...read more.

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