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It was a miracle that the Weimar Republic lasted until 1924. How far do you agree?

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Introduction

It was a miracle that the Weimar Republic lasted until 1924. How far do you agree? The Weimar Republic, set up in January 1919, lasted for 14 chaotic years; years of calamities of all kinds, in the social, economic and political provinces. From 1919 to 1924 the Weimar Republic seemed at several times to be on the verge of collapse and it surprised the vast majority that it lasted until 1924. There were five key factors which had an impact in the weakening of the Republic. The Treaty of Versailles (signed 28th June 1919) was a major cause of the eventual collapse of Weimar. It left damaging consequences which had an impact on the nation as a whole. The acceptance of War Guilt had a colossal impact on the German national pride, which had an inevitable knock on effect on its economy. Many became angry and frustrated predominantly due to the fact that even by as late as spring of 1918, most Germans had anticipated victory. However the economy had already been bruised enough, the loss of industry not only meant a severe reduction in production rate, but it also meant that thousands were left unemployed. ...read more.

Middle

However the communists had originally branched from the Socialist Party and believed there should be an alliance between them and the Socialists which caused further tension. Then in January 1919 there was a Sparatcist uprising led by two former SPD members Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknicht. They attempted in taking over Berlin but were crushed after a few days by the army and Freikorps resulting in the death of Luxemburg and Liebknicht. Another similar uprising was that of the Bavarian "Council Republic" in March 1919. The communist take over Munich for a similar short-lived amount of time, but once again the Freikorps defeat it and murder the leaders of the uprising. It was events such as these which aided in the depletion of left wing politics. It results in the socialists and the communists being essentially split because the communists bear a strong grudge with the socialists for allying with the Freikorps who held the responsibility for murdering their leaders. In essence by the end of 1919 the left wing had attempted but failed. Along side these attempted revolutions from the left, there was similar trouble in play from the opposing right. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Germans responded to this by calling Passive Resistance in January 1923 where all the workers went on strike, making the land near useless. However, for them to have gone on strike they would have needed to remain being paid, therefore the government had to print yet more money making the hyperinflation dramatically worse. A fine example of how worthless the many had become in Germany is that of children using wads of money for bricks as houses. Even though many people argue that Germany was not in fact in as bad a state as it is made out to be, and that the Treaty of Versailles merely made a dent on the German economy as it was still one of the strongest super powers after it, Germany was in total political, economical and social disarray. If it had not been weekend by all the factors above, it would have been able to stand up to such powers as Hitler and the might of the Wall Street Crash in 1929, not only was it a miracle it lasted until 1924, but it was more of a miracle it sustained the few years to follow. ...read more.

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