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Jack the Ripper

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Introduction

Describe Law and Order in London in the Late nineteenth century? In the late nineteenth century, the police force was very different from what It is today. The police were introduced to London in 1829, because problems were going out of hand and no one had the power to stop anyone, for example, protests such as Chartism and the corn law and crime was rising. Their role was basically to control crime and disorder. Something they don't do anymore, due to modern technology is lighting the street lamps, with a flame. Because clocks weren't around as much in 1829, policemen use to call out the time. Other jobs they had were to watch out for fires, provide other public services and keep order. For a long time police officers, working in plain clothes were seen as typical spies. The common crimes in the 19th century, were crimes against the person- murder, manslaughter, violence, garrotting and sexual crimes like rape. Crimes against authority were- treason, rebellion, protest and rioting. Finally crimes against the property were- pick pocketing and petty theft. The punishment in the 19th century is slightly different to how you'd get punished today. Sometimes people used to get executed in public but some were sent to Australia and were slaves, breaking down rock. ...read more.

Middle

The lack of reliable witness slowed down the case. What about the chalk writing found over an hour later on Goulston Street. It read, "The Juwes are the men that will not be blamed for nothing." Also a portion of Catherine Eddowes bloody apron were found by the message. So did this tell us the religion of the murderer or was it another red herring. Some people said it was not the killer who wrote that message, it could have been there before and the killer had just dropped or placed the bloody piece of apron. Scotland Yard and the Jewish Community suggested that the message was deliberate to attempt to put the blame on Jews and throw the police off track of the real murderer. A letter was sent on October 16th 1888 to George Lusk who was the head of an East End neighbourhood watch group called the Mile End Vigilance Committee. The letter was sent with a portion of a human kidney. Lusk was extremely upset. Dr. Thomas Openshaw at the London Hospital examined it and established that it was a human adult kidney, which was preserved in spirits rather than in formalin, such as that used in hospitals for specimens. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because the attitude of the people at the time was that the police were incompetent and that the Commissioner, Sir Charles Warren, was only good for policing crowds and keeping order rather than detective work. One of the splits between the leadership of the two forces was over graffito found in Goulston Street on the night of the night of the "double even". A piece of Eddowes' apron, which the Ripper used to wipe off his knife, was found y a constable near a doorway that had chalked message over the door. It said, "The Juwes are the men That Will not be blamed for nothing.", mat have been written by the Ripper and the City police officers wanted to photograph it. Warren felt that leaving it until it was light enough to be photographed might cause riots against the Jews living in Whitechapel whom the English residents already believed were responsible for the murders. In the end the police never charged any suspect with the murders committed by the Ripper which shows they did not have a sufficient amount of evidence that would gain a verdict of guilty in criminal court. This had more to do with the limitations of police work at the time and nothing to do with the amount of effort put into the investigation. Awais Ahmed Jack the Ripper Coursework History Page 1 ...read more.

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