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Jack the Ripper:Describe Law and Order in London in the late 9th century?

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Jack the Ripper History coursework 1. Describe law and order in London in the late 19th century? At the start of the nineteenth century the enforcement of law and order in London was the same as it had been during the Middle Ages. There were growth problems with popular protest movements which frightened the Government. This is when the whole question of keeping law and order had become a matter of public concern. As Britain's population gradually increased so did the number of crimes that were committed. London's population had grown to 1.5 million, yet it only had only had 450 constables and 4,000 watchmen. The tactics for preventing and dealing with crime in London were often inefficient and caused more problems and disturbance. ...read more.


The 'bobbies' or 'peelers' wore a uniform that included dark blue long coats and a tall hat. They were also unarmed except for truncheons; this was so they could be as unlike the army as possible. They wanted to look different from the army because the army were disliked by the public due to their violence. However, this left them open to vicious attacks from criminals. The Metropolitan Police Force had many roles: they were responsible for lighting, watching out for fires and to call the time our in regular intervals. The New Police Force had been through many problems at first. Many of the early police recruits were unsuitable, often due to drunkenness and soon resigned or were sacked. ...read more.


There were certain crimes against the authorities such as treason, rebellion, protest and rioting. This was the primary for employing the Metropolitan Police. There were many means of punishment for all of the criminals. There was a fear of public execution, a fear of capital punishment, a fear of imprisonment, and a fear of transportation. Public execution was stopped as too many people saw it as inhumane. These were all serious changes; some say that their methods no longer acted as a deterrent to other criminals. Gradually the public began to realise that the police were having an effect on the level of crime. This led to the publics' approval of the new Police Force. Apparently, many criminals just left London to carry out their underhand activities more easily elsewhere. Crimes remained baffling and unsolved and society at that time grew more unsafe as there were many victims who suffered severe death. ...read more.

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