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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Essay length: 1978 words

Modern world study: conflict in Ireland

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Lucy Oxby Modern world study: conflict in Ireland Question two On the 30th of January 1972 13 Catholics were killed by British Paratroopers on the streets of Londonderry. It was the result of an illegal but originally peaceful march led by the NICRA the civil rights movement. The march attracted 15000 people all for a similar cause, to ban Internment. The day became known as Bloody Sunday because of the terrible events that took place. Although the details of what actually happened remain undecided, because of the controversial views of the people that took part in the march. Internment was a law enforced by the government of N Ireland to try and keep the Nationalist population under control. It allowed the Government to put people in prison who were suspected of being terrorists without trial. Consequently only Catholic's were arrested. Bloody Sunday happened because of many years of conflict between Nationalist and Unionist communities. In Northern Ireland nationalists are almost all Catholics and want a united Ireland with no connections with Britain. Unionists are almost all Protestant and want to stay part of the United Kingdom, afraid that if they join the Republic of Ireland the Catholic Church would take over and their economy would break down. The street history and segregation between the communities created a further tension between the two sides. When British Troops came into N. Ireland in 1969 to bring peace between Nationalists and Unionists, peace was restored for a few months, but gradually the British troops went from being the peace makers to the peace destroyers.

Middle

It is fair in its argument to put its point across as it is a respectable newspaper that would want to remain respected by its readers. It "says there is no credible evidence that any of the 14 people killed by the army in Londonderry in January 1972 had been handling firearms." It is after all impossible that they could have shot at the army with no guns. The source goes on to argue although the new forensic evidence looks very bad on the paratroopers involved this is just a small piece of evidence and is not the whole story. It says that there is little support for the new inquiry and much belief in the original ruling. Although this can not be entirely true as many Catholics have been campaigning for years for a further inquiry and the Government thought it a very suitable way to help the peace process in Northern Ireland. The paratroopers may not be so infuriated by the release of new evidence if they have nothing to fear and were innocent. A former soldier clearly stated "we came under fire and under attack. It is strange how the "new" evidence is coming out when nobody mentions the nail bombs and acid bombs they threw at us" he also says "If people say that we were firing indiscriminately why were there no women and children killed?" he seems very adamant that what he is saying is the truth. The inverted commas over the "new" evidence must have been put in by the writer showing he believes in what this soldier

Conclusion

After this length of time memories fade and can be biased especially when they have been affected by other peoples thoughts and ideas, so it is impossible to be certain about what happened. Sources A and B are from journalists and show how a person or newspapers views can influence the public and put different interpretations on the same facts. Another word for this is propaganda. Both Sources A and B have used the same statistic twice to show different things, this can happen with a lot of the evidence so results are often indefinite. However all these years could make the truth in the matter clearer as people possibly wouldn't mind accepting they were wrong any more and tell the reality of the matter? There are so many contradictory beliefs as to what happened on Bloody Sunday, who fired the first shot, and whether the paratroopers were just retaliating. Both sides had reasons to hate the other and it would have been understandable if either of the sides shot first, when in operation in Ireland the army must have been constantly attacked making the army want to get their own back, but it was their job and this was something they should not have done. The Catholics saw the army as a force that oppressed them and they wanted freedom from that, feeling bitter about those years they also had plenty of reason to shoot. After so many years of conflict in Northern Ireland both sides can not listen to the other, they are so adamant that their own beliefs are correct. The Saville inquiries' conclusions will probably never be acceptable to either the army or the original marchers and their relatives

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