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Nazi Germany 1933-1945 - Youth.

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Introduction

Nazi Germany 1933-1945 17/9/2002 Youth a) Indoctrination is teaching someone to accept a set of beliefs uncritically. b) The minds and bodies of young people were to be shaped for Nazi cause. Certain subjects became more important than the others: * Physical education was given 15% of school time, and some sports such as boxing became compulsory for boys. Pupils had to pass an examination, and unsatisfactory performance could lead to being expelled. * History. This concentrated on the rise of the Nazi Party, the injustices of the Treaty of Versailles and the evils of communism and the Jews. * Biology explained Nazi ideas on race and population control. Pupils were taught how to measure their skulls and to classify racial types; also that Aryans were superior and should not marry inferior races. ...read more.

Middle

The German Maidens was an organization for girls only. They had to do similar activities and tests as the boys, but in a certain extent it was slightly less military. Both boys and girls marched in exciting parades with loud bands. They were also physically fit and their leisure time was devoted to the Nazis and Hitler. They were strong cross-country runners, and confident at reading maps. After years of summer camps, they were comfortable camping out of doors, and the boys knew how to clean a rifle and keep it in good condition. d) The boys were preparing to fight in battles, they had to be fierce and grow hate for Jews, and show no any mercy to any of them. They had to learn to be loyal to the Nazi German Nation. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were mainly aged between 14~17. At the weekends the pirates went camping. They sang songs just like the Hitler Youth except they changed the lyrics and mocked Germany. When they spotted bands of the Hitler Youth they taunted and sometimes attacked them. The Edelweiss Pirates included both boys and girls. The pirates also were much freer towards sex, which was usually frowned upon by the Hitler Youth. The pirates caused many troubles. In 1944 in Cologne, Pirate activities escalated. They helped to shelter army deserters and escaped prisoners. They stole armaments and took part in an attack on the Gestapo during which its chief was killed. The Nazi response was to round up all the 'ringleaders', and the 12 were publicly hanged in 1944. The Pirates had no strong political views. They were not political opponents of the Nazis but they resented and resisted Nazi control of their lives. ...read more.

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