• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Only the Great Depression put the wind into Hitler's sails" (A.J.P. Taylor) Do you agree that this was the most important factor in Hitler's rise to power in 1933, or are there other reasons which are equally important?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Only the Great Depression put the wind into Hitler's sails" (A.J.P. Taylor) Do you agree that this was the most important factor in Hitler's rise to power in 1933, or are there other reasons which are equally important? On 20th April 1889, at 18.30, Adolf Hitler was born in a small Austrian village. There is not one sole reason as to why this young farm boy grew up to become one of the world's most well known leaders, but the main factors in Hitler's rise to power were his natural leadership skills, clever use of words, charisma, passion for German nationalism, abhorrence of Jews, communists, foreigners and his ability to use the Treaty of Versailles, Wall Street Crash, Munich Putsch, Weimar Constitution and Enabling Act to his advantage. Hitler's father, Alois, greatly influenced Hitler's personality; having retired from the Austrian civil service when Hitler was six, he was used to giving strict orders and seeing them obeyed. He was a strict authoritarian figure that watched over his children and expected them to be disciplined. This enforcement of discipline, need for order and traditionalism emotionally scarred young Adolf. He wanted to pursue his artistic talents but was forced, by his father, to attend a technical college in preparation for a career in the civil service, this ...read more.

Middle

This economic crisis, undermined the government, as in an attempt to help the nation, Ebert printed more money, however, when Stressman came to power, he established a new currency and with the help of the Americans he paid back the reparations. This was also partly the cause of the Great Depression in Germany of 1929. The Wall Street Crash occurred in October 1929 and was a major economic crisis that affected the whole of the world, including Germany, as America had lent her some money through the Dawes Plan of April 1924 to help pay the reparations costs set by the Treaty of Versailles. However, the Depression meant further funds were not forthcoming from America. This had a domino effect on Germany which also slumped into a Great Depression that caused starvation, unemployment and a low morale of the people. Hitler took advantage of this and promised solutions to the problems facing Germany, he promised to improve and build it up as a new nation; this idea was appealing to most Germans, due to their quality of life and Hitler's strong views and young, enthusiastic personality. The 'white-collar workers' were the ones most affected by the Depression, their disgruntlement, anger at the Treaty of Versailles and growing respect for Hitler and his words ensured that they would become his main supporters. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it is evident that Hitler's rise to power was due to multiple factors. He developed leadership and public speaking skills at a young age becoming rebellious and defiant of his father's authority. His interest in military expertise, anti communist, anti semetic, nationalistic feelings developed from a young age and propelled him to establish the Nazi party. He was cunning and manipulative both in public and behind the scenes. He used the Treaty of Versailles, Ruhr Crisis, Wall Street Crash, Munich Putsch, Weimar Constitution, and Enabling Act to establish himself as a dictatorial leader of Germany by 1934. Hitler used the opportunities presented by each of the afore mentioned to his advantage. However, the most significant factors for Hitler's rise to power would be the Wall Street Crash, which resulted in global depression and growing unrest amongst the German people; the 'failed' Munich Putsch that propelled Hitler to the forefront of politics and made a martyr of him, for serving nine months in prison where he did not waste his time as he wrote his vision in the infamous 'Mein Kampf'. He had an understanding of the general German public (had "his finger on the pulse of Germany" -Walden-) and was able to utilise effective propaganda to inflame the nation. The ineptitude of the Weimar Constitution was the 'icing on the cake' that gave Hitler ultimate power. Aishaini Puvanendran - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How Important Was Hitler's Contribution to the Nazis' rise to Power by 1933?

    In May 1923, Hindenburg dismissed Bruning as Chancellor and Von Papen became Chancellor. Following this Von Papen was dismissed in 1932; this was partly on Schleicher's advice. Schleicher was then appointed Chancellor. Von Papen was angry at the way he had been treated by Schleicher and like many other men

  2. Hitler's Rise to Power

    However, Hitler refused the offer and demanded to be the Chancellor. Since Hindenburg and Papen were desperate for support and a settlement for the political unrest, they took a gamble and appointed Hitler as Chancellor on January 30th, 1933. Hindenburg and Papen thought that they'd be able to keep Hitler under control, but Hitler had other plans.

  1. Hitlers rise to power

    This gained a lot of support because Germany wanted to become a united nation again and saw that Hitler was able to do that. All this made Adolf Hitler a very popular candidate for Government. In 1923 Hitler saw and ceased the opportunity to invade the government.

  2. What was the most important reason for Hitler's rise to power?

    and in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1) and retired in 1911. He was recalled to active service at the outbreak of World War I and crushed the Russians at Tannenberg in east Prussia (August 1914). In 1916 he became chief of the general staff. After the failure of Germany's offensive (1918)

  1. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    (The Third Reich - Politics and Propaganda, 1995, p.88) This was a recurring theme in Nazi propaganda. (Lee, 1998, p.50). Arguably, Nazi propaganda had a relatively easy task in the foreign policy arena, certainly until 1938, as it was able to play on the pre-existing consensus that Germany had been maltreated following the end of World War 1.

  2. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    The next morning, Hitler tried again; he led 3,000 supporters to march to the centre of Berlin mean while President Ebert had declared a "national State of Emergency". On the way Hitler and his supporters were met by 100 Bavarian Police, who were sent to disperse the Putsch.

  1. The Rise of Hitler Revision notes.

    He tried to break the political stalemate by splitting the Nazis (i.e. by bringing some - but not Hitler - into government) and negotiating with the left. He failed on both counts. By January, Papen was resolved to the idea of Hitler as Chancellor but still the aging President was opposed.

  2. How far do you agree that the main reason for Hitler coming to power ...

    Although the governments' weaknesses turned people towards alternative parties, it was Hitler and the Nazis specifically that people looked to, not other extremist parties. This meant that Hitler and the Nazis had a large role in their rise as he must have been skilful and the Nazis, appealing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work