• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the successes and failures of the President and Chancellors (1930-32). Compare this with the prospects offered by the Nazis. To what extent did the government's lack of achievement lead to the Nazis' rise to power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

December 2002 Alfie Stroud 12Go Outline the successes and failures of the President and Chancellors (1930-32). Compare this with the prospects offered by the Nazis. To what extent did the government's lack of achievement lead to the Nazis' rise to power? By 1930, Herman M�ller's Grand Coalition government, led by the SPD and including the DDP, Centre Party (Z), DVP and BVP, with 61% of the Reichstag's deputies in all, had been in office for two years. Although they had succeeded in passing the Young Plan of 1929, the coalition was divided over what action to take in response to the Wall Street Crash and resulting depression. The Socialist SPD argued against the cut in unemployment benefits proposed by the DVP. In desperation M�ller requested that President Hindenburg use Article 48 of the German constitution to pass his proposals, a plea that fell on deaf ears. M�ller resigned, dying a year later. Meanwhile, German political opinion was increasingly shifting to either extreme. Particularly in the wake of 1929's Wall Street Crash, the view that Germany was being failed by a succession of weak coalitions came to the fore. ...read more.

Middle

A first election was held in July 1932, in which the Nazis and Communists between them gained half the seats in the Reichstag. Hitler subsequently demanded to be made Chancellor, but Hindenburg held a strong dislike for him and refused. The new Reichstag almost immediately voted no confidence in Papen, causing it to be dissolved in September 1932, sparking an election in November in which the Nazis lost 2 million votes, but the KPD made only gains. The situation looked desperate. Industrialists wanted Hitler appointed Chancellor, but Hindenburg considered that option unworkable. Papen hoped to form an authoritarian military government without the Reichstag, and option far too extreme for the President. Schleicher meanwhile, who had developed widespread support from both Trade Unions on the left, and the NSDAP on the right, eventually persuaded Hindenburg to appoint him Chancellor. Papen had seemed to have failed dramatically, and though his adoption of Br�ning's public works programme had seen unemployment just begin to fall, he had lost too much support to continue. Schleicher was appointed in December 1932, and saw his best option as 'taming' the NSDAP to bring at least one extreme and all its supporters on-side. ...read more.

Conclusion

M�ller, for all his good intentions, was seen as too weak to rule, the infighting of his coalition losing him support. Br�ning's economic policies were a catastrophe for ordinary Germans, and it is little surprise that despite his progress in the international arena the public were put-off him by their worsening lot. Their support for extremists grew, although Br�ning was eventually overthrown only by Hindenburg. Papen was from the outset a laughing stock. He restored the SA in an almost suicidal conciliation to his opponents, and consistently undermined what remained of the democratic process in Germany. He was soon replaced by Schleicher, who failed to make the most of his potential for a widespread support base, and was brought down by past enemies. Four successive Chancellors, and the actions of a President apparently far too easily influenced by those around him - the German elite and landowners in their opposition to land reform, and particularly his son Oskar and General von Schleicher - dug Weimar democracy and the German people with it into a pit so deep that the majority seem to have felt that only Hitler's Nazis could pull them from it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Germany 1920's and 1930's - Look at the weaknesses of the government and the ...

    It was realised that the Weimar constitution was not working and one strong man was needed to lead Germany out of the crisis. The unemployed were desperate for work and would do almost anything to get it. A German worker describes why he joined the Nazis in the 1930s: 'I was unemployed for many years.

  2. The weak Weimar government was a major factor in Hitler rise to power, however ...

    Such ideas as his plan to take over much of Europe and retake territories lost in World War I. In his book Mien Kampf the first and most important principle was to go in masses. The movement was to avoid any influences that would weaken the power of the masses.

  1. To what extent did the Nazis achieve an economic miracle in Germany between 1933-1939?

    Germany was importing more than it was exporting, and its gold and foreign currency reserves were beginning to run short. The New Plan in 1934 was devised by Schacht to tackle this problem. Schacht instructed Hitler to monitor all imports, which had to be approved by the government.

  2. How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to Hitler’s rise to power?

    Hitler was a great speaker. We saw this at his trial after the Munich Putsch saying words like There is no such treason about the traitors of 1919 who signed Versailles. Hitler used this to a great effect especially at times of economic crisis in Germany since he had a big platform on which to air his views.

  1. Why Did Many People Vote For The Nazi Party In The Elections Of 1930-32?

    In his speeches and staged events he would always keep the people in suspense, deliberately letting the tension increase, emphasizing the fact that they needed him to be able to regain Germany's stability and pride. He skilfully played on the emotions of the audience who were weak and corrupted; they

  2. "By the beginning of 1929, the prospects for the survival of the WeimarRepublic looked ...

    They were dealt a double blow after the slump in demand since the end of the war 1918 and the increased international competitiveness. Their failure to modernise and the inability to locate post-war funds for modernisation is often cited as the root cause of their insecurity.

  1. How did the Nazis gain and maintain power in Germany?

    its failure, so the move away from this economic policy equalled a move away from the Jews o Hitler and many other Germans believed defeat in the First World War was due to the civilians back home 'stabbing the army in the back'.

  2. How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

    Probably the greatest achievement of Goebbels was the Olympic games of 1936 hosted in Berlin. Hitler was originally opposed to holding the games yet Goebbels convinced him that this would be an ideal opportunity to show that Germany was the ultimate nation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work