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Revision notes - US History. Major events and personalities of the early 19th Century.

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´╗┐Anthony Phuong Period 3/ Block A 10-25-12 Unit 4 Terms 1. The Transportation Revolution boosted the American economy. The steamboat allowed for more transportation on rivers because it could go both up and down stream, thus increasing the productivity of the rivers. The construction of the Eerie Canal boosted New York?s economy specifically. The prices of goods dropped because it was cheaper for their transportation. The railroad was also a significant mode of transportation. Overall, the transportation revolution was very binding for the US. States became more dependent on one another for their manufactured products. 1. The Industrial Revolution spread the ?factory system? from England to the rest of the world. It did take a while, however, for the US to turn over a new leaf onto industrialism. Many people were reluctant to leave their agricultural lifestyles in place of cooped-up factory jobs. The addition of the cotton gin to the south revitalized it completely. Not only did it provide a new cash crop for the south, but also it increased the dying need for slavery all over again. 1. ...read more.


Clay What: Three main parts: strong banking system, protective tariff, network of roads and canals Where: US When: 1824 Why: provide easy credit/ allowed for eastern manufacturing to flourish;/ transportation of goods all throughout America knitted country together economically Significance: Forced individual states to start own construction programs because there was no government funding Point of Interest: Clay, Bank, Tariff, and Road Connection: Faced opposition from Jeffersonian Republicans and New England Era of Good Feelings: Who: James Monroe What: Monroe administrations? supposed warm welcome throughout the US constituted with nationalism and prosperity; single party ideology Where: US When: 1817 Why: Tranquility and prosperity was fruitful during early years of Monroe?s presidency Significance: Beneath the good feeling were many underlying problems such as tariffs, banks, and sales of public lands, slavery, and sectionalism Point of Interest: Name is not true to fact Connection: Problems aroused from the propositions of the American System Cotton Gin: Who: Eli Whitney, Southern Planters What: Device that separated the seed from the cotton fiber Where: Georgia When: 1793 Why: Sped up the process of picking cotton Significance: Alleviated the south of their poverty and created a new cash crop; connected south with the north more Point of ...read more.


of civil war spurted from abolitionism Harriet Beecher Stowe: Who: Harriet Beecher Stowe What: Abolitionist, Writer Where: US, Connecticut When: 1800?s Why: To support the abolitionism movement Significance: Shed light upon the separated of enslaved families Point of Interest: Increased the fervor of the abolitionist movement Connection: Roots of civil war were disputes over slavery James K. Polk: Who: James K Polk What: Presidential Candidate, Speaker of the House of Reps, Governor of Tennessee Where: US, North Carolina When: 1844 Why: Lowered tariff, restoration of independent treasury, settlement of California & Oregon disputes Significance: Achieved all goals and settled the Oregon & California disputes Point of Interest: Acquired more land for the US Connection: Land acquired increased the slavery dispute Mexican American War: Who: James K. Polk, Santa Anna, US vs. Mexico What: Polk threatened Mexican soldiers to start a war in order for us to win California Where: Rio Grande, California, New Mexico, Texas, Mexico, America When: 1846 Why: San Francisco Bay & Rich Valleys, Mexico was distinctly combative Significance: Gained more slavery territory and resources for the US; US has international recognition Point of Interest: US forced Mexico to sell us land Connection: Slavery territory; roots of Civil War ...read more.

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