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Roosevelt And The New Deal

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Introduction

Roosevelt And The New Deal 1. USA in 1932 was in a state of depression and despair. After the Wall Street Crash in 1929, millions of jobs were lost and millions were left homeless and starving. Under the rule of President Hoover, the country's condition continued to decline and people had lost all hope of a prosperous future. Ghettos were created and were given the name 'Hoovervilles', to mock the President. Hoover believed in rugged-individualism, and he had a "laissez faire" attitude, which meant that the people had to help themselves to almost everything. There was no government organisation in place to help the poor and unemployed. Instead, Hoover thought that the problem would soon sort itself out without intervention. This however was not the case. People had lost faith in Hoover and needed something else to motivate and help them to find a new future. This came about in the 1932 election, when Franklin Roosevelt was running for President against Hoover. Roosevelt offered a new hope to the people. His policies were the opposite to those of Hoover, and people saw this an opportunity to get out of the depression. Roosevelt believed in helping the poor and unemployed, and giving them a chance. This made people see that the only way out was to vote for Roosevelt. People also were motivated and stimulated by Roosevelt's speeches. He said "This is more than a political campaign; it is a call to arms. Give me your help, not to win votes alone, but to win in this crusade to restore America." Sentences like this showed people that Roosevelt wanted to get the country out of the depression, that it had fallen victim to. It also encouraged patriotism, which gives people a reason to help the country to get out of the mess that it was in, and that this could be done by voting for Roosevelt. ...read more.

Middle

In conclusion, I believe that source E is against Roosevelt, source F is for Roosevelt, and source G could be interpreted as both for and against Roosevelt. 5. Sources H and I are both useful and not useful in different way. This is due, among other things, to how the reliable the sources are. Source H is a letter that was used in Roosevelt's 1936 election campaign. This is obviously going to be unreliable as it was used to persuade people, so it likely to be propaganda. This source can also be questioned about how genuine it is as no name or address of the writer is given, so it is very possible that it was forged to promote Roosevelt. It was also published by Roosevelt's supporters, so it likely to have been carefully selected from lots of other letters, some of which would have been critical of Roosevelt. The letter is also unreliable as it only describes the view of 1 person, not the whole public opinion. However, the letter does show that some people were happy with the performance, no matter how unreliable the letter is. Source I is a song from in 1936, the same year as the letter was published; therefore the public opinion will be relatively the same for both sources. The reliability of this source is also in question as the name of the writer of the source is not given. The brief description also says that the song was 'popular', but it doesn't state how popular, where it was popular or amongst whom it was popular. The song could have only been popular in one area, or only amongst areas were Roosevelt's policies helped a lotof people. The song may have also only been popular because of its beat and rhythm, not because of what it was saying. Therefore, it wouldn't reflect the views of many people. ...read more.

Conclusion

It did not save America's economic problems - the Second World War did." This statement is backed up by sources C, D, E and J. Source C is extremely anti-Roosevelt, and criticises him throughout the text. It is a reliable source, but I do not agree with the points that are put across in the text. It says that the country was in more debt after the New Deal, and tries to blame this on the New Deal, but I know that the country had just come finished in a major war, and would therefore have spent money on that. I also think that source D is unreliable, as it is only photographic evidence, and the photograph could have been staged. Source C also puts down Roosevelt and the New Deal, but again it is an unreliable source, because it is a cartoon displaying the opinion of one person. Source J is reliable, but due to it being a secondary source, it is also unreliable. The source tries to put across a good point and interesting views, but I don't agree with them. It basically says that Roosevelt gave too much to the poor and unemployed, but I believe that without this help, they would have continued to suffer. In conclusion, I believe that the first statement is the best interpretation of Roosevelt and the New Deal. This is because it has more sources backing it up, and I believe that these sources are more reliable than the sources that back up the second statement. I also agree with the first source because I believe that overall, the country benefited from Roosevelt's New Deal, as millions found work, food was given to the poor and the country began to improve. Although the war may have helped America, it was not the only factor that helped do this. It cannot be denied that Roosevelt and the New Deal helped America in the short term, but the War may have saved America in the long run. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Bream History Coursework ...read more.

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