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The document of Imperial Manifesto of Poland was created by the Russian Tsar Nicholas I. The document that Nicholas I is referring to was written on March 25, 1832 after the Polish troops were severely defeated by the Russian army in the November uprising. This document is Tsar Nicholas's proclamation of Russian rule over what was known once as Poland. Which was "a political entity that was created out of the Duchy of Warsaw at the Congress of Vienna Congress." (Wikipedia, Congress of Poland). The Imperial Manifesto of Poland takes away the Constitutional Charter that was issued to Poland during the Vienna Congress in 1815. When Poland was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna it was "one of the few contemporary constitutional monarchies in Europe, with the Tsar of Russia as Polish King." (Encyclopedia, Congress of Poland). The constitution that was granted to Poland at that time was one of the most free constitutions in the 19th century. As it is stated, "Congress Poland had a parliament which could vote on laws and was responsible to the tsar. It had also its own army, Polish currency, budget, penal code and was separated from the rest of Russian lands by a customs boundary." ...read more.


Slowly their rights started to be changed more and more to the rights of people that were in Russia. Slowly Poland was being incorporated into the Russsian Empire. Tsar Nicholas I in 1830 sent Polish troops to put down a revolutions that was occuring in France. This contributed to the Polish anger towards the Tsar about his actions and was the spark of the November Uprising. The November Uprising occurred on November 29, 1930 and was led by a non commission officer named Piotr Wysocki.who "took the arms from their garrison on November 29, 1830, and attacked the Belweder Palace, the main seat of the Grand Duke" (Wikipepedia, November Uprising). Although the Polish army managed to capture the city of Warsaw, they ended up losing in the long run to the Russian army. The revolution was over on October 5, 1831 and Polish soldiers ended up surrendering to the Russians. It is quite ironic to note how the documents starts out, Nicholas states, "By the grace of God, Nicholas, Tsar of all the Russias, King of Poland" (Arkenberg, 1998). It is quite interesting that he refers to himself as the King of Poland, when he has never been proclaimed as the King by the Polish people. ...read more.


When Tsar Nicholas talks about the rebellion, he also refers to it as something evil and something that is not heavenly or good. There was not much influence surrounding this document. However, it did foreshadow the fate of the Polish people and their country. Tsar Nicholas I never had any intentions of giving back the people of Poland their constitution and the right to decide their own fate. The next couple of years of Nicholas's firm rule over the Polish people, would bring another uprising on January 22, 1863 against Russian rule. This caused the Polish people the revocation of all right of self-governing, language, schools and Russian was introduced in all institution and also became the official language. Congress of Poland belonged to Russia until 1915, when the Germans in WWI created the Kingdom of Poland. Reference Arkenberg, J.S (1998). Tsar Nicholas I: Imperial Manifesto on Poland March 25, 1932. Retrieved July 28, 2005, from Fordham University, Modern History Sourcebook Web site: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1832poland.html. Encyclopedia, Alexandar I of Russia. Retrieved July 28, 2005, from http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Alexander-I-of-Russia Encyclopedia, Congress of Poland. Retrieved on July 28, 2005, from http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Congress-Poland. Wikipedia, Congress Poland. Retrieved July 28, 2005, from http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Congress-Poland. Wikipedia, Nicholas I of Russia. Retrieved July 28, 2005, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_I_of_Russia. Wikipedia, November Uprising. Retrieved July 28, 2005, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_Uprising. Imperial Manifesto on Poland 1 ...read more.

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