• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of peace in Northern Ireland. What problems will need to be overcome to create a lasting peace in Northern Ireland? How likely peace will be achieved?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 3 In this answer I am going to discuss that since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of peace in Northern Ireland. What problems will need to be overcome to create a lasting peace in Northern Ireland? How likely peace will be achieved? Furthermore I will discuss: general background, history and religion, politics, decommissioning, paramilitaries, policing and security and marches. I will then conclude with how likely peace will be achieved. The Good Friday Agreement was set up to reach peace in Northern Ireland and reaches a suitable solution for Catholics and Protestants. Previous attempts at creating everlasting peace have included: direct rule in 1972 and 1973-74, the Anglo Irish Agreement in 1985 and the Downing Street Declaration in 1993. However all these methods have failed so far. Finally in 1998 they tried creating lasting peace in Northern Ireland with the Good Friday Agreement. In May 1998 a referendum was held, the people of Republic and Northern Ireland were asked if they accepted the terms of the Good Friday Agreement. They were furthermore asked if articles 2 and 3 could be removed. The results were overwhelming as 94% in the Republic and 71% of Northern Ireland accepted it. In my opinion this was a great step forward in the campaign for peace. The main terms of the Good Friday Agreement were that a new Northern Ireland assembly would be set up containing 108 members. All key decisions would require consent of both communities in the province. Furthermore a north south council of ministers would be set up. ...read more.

Middle

On Saturday 10th September 2005 Northern Ireland saw its worst rioting in a decade. A 700 person mob clashed with police on the streets of Belfast. The rioting consisted of petrol bombings, setting cars on fire and loyalist paramilitaries shooting at police. "The rioters intended to kill and it is lucky we have no dead police officers" said Sir Hugh Orde, the chief constable. All this ferocious rioting has come as a result of police trying to re-route a protestant march that takes place every year. The police attempted to re-route the marches to avoid confrontation with the Catholics. However this sparked a huge frenzy with masked Protestants violently attacking police. The reason that the marches cause confrontation is because they are celebrating victories over the Catholics. One of the most famous battles won is the Battle of the Boyne where many Catholics were massacred. Therefore the Protestants celebrate their victory by holding annual marches each year down Catholic streets. Many Catholics feel threatened and offended by this and each year the police do their most to try and prevent commotion or violence occurring. The chief constable Sir Hugh Orde blamed both major loyalist paramilitary organisations the UDA (Ulster Defence Association) and UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force) for exploiting the violence. He furthermore added that the decision to re-route had been made because the marches had 'become illegal' and 'fundamentally breached'. In my opinion with these sort of paramilitary groups achieving lasting peace in Northern Ireland seems unlikely in the foreseeable future. It is November 27th and still the St Andrews agreement has not yet been concluded. ...read more.

Conclusion

Following the events and problems Northern Ireland has been involved with, I believe that Northern Ireland can achieve peace assuming that more effective methods have to be put in place as previous methods have failed miserably in some cases. Furthermore the solutions in the past have failed and possibly new methods have to be given a chance. Maybe relieving the pressure on the government and especially the RUC would be the answer to the ever growing problems Northern Ireland faces on day to day bases. The decommissioning process helped aid the peace talks as both parties felt like they were 'giving an inch or two' and this enabled the St Andrews agreement to be on the right tracks. This is by far the closest and most promising position Northern Ireland has been to achieving peace. Previous attempts at peace have failed, for instance internment and other peace talks such as the Sunningdale agreement, this leads me to believe that new methods must be tried if Northern Ireland is ever going to get anywhere. Moreover I do think that the St Andrews agreement can achieve lasting peace in Northern Ireland. Although the St Andrews agreement has been promising with comments from Gerry Adams suggesting that this might be the answer. Selective history however is a major factor in the way of reaching everlasting peace. In my opinion if both parties would ease off a bit and give the RUC and the government time then they can fully concentrate on the negotiations regarding peace in Northern Ireland. This will enable the peace talks to really start to begin. Michael James history coursework question 3. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. WHY HAD INTERNATIONAL PEACE COLLAPSED BY 1939?

    It weakened countries faith in the League of Nations. Countries such as Britain and France began to rearm, and to pursue their own policies even if they undermined the effectiveness of the League. This can be seen in the policy of appeasement, which gave into Hitler's aggression rather than try to confront it through collective action.

  2. What are the changing attitude of Australians towards war and peace?

    It was to promote enlistment by acting as an emotional trigger. But by1916 Australians had become well aware of the cruel reality of war and the enlistments began to stagger. This brought about the debate of conscription, which had a significant effect on societies attitudes.

  1. The Rebecca Riots

    as they all tell us about the new kind of violence - the attacks on tollgates. The second extract from The Carmarthen Journal written on the 23rd June seems to be quite terrifying. It talks about how the workers were ordered outside, a woman was assaulted, and anything the rioters could find was thrown outside.

  2. What were the origins of Roman religion and how did it progress?

    Many of them would simply so to a magistrate and report the Christians, who could be punished for their beliefs and faith. The majority of officials simply saw Christianity as a superstition like any other religion; "I discovered nothing but a perverse and exaggerated superstition."

  1. The object of this coursework is to gather information and data, on how woman ...

    making the government listen to them, it would have had instead the opposite effect. What in my opinion allowed them the right to vote was the positive contribution, and effect they put in helping their country during the war. This won over the public, and in my opinion would have shown what good, responsible citizens they were.

  2. How And Why Has Dover Castle Changed Since The Roman Period?

    An oven was built at North-east of the keep and was used for bread making, this is the only evidence found for cooking going on within the keep, there was most probably a separate kitchen. Tunnels The Medieval Tunnels: Because of the siege in 1216 some improvements were made to the defences of the castle.

  1. My main question is : How did Mussolini rise to power in ...

    Meanwhile, the Fascists, who had occupied the Po plain, took all strategic points of the country. On October 26, former prime minister Antonio Salandra warned current Prime Minister Luigi Facta that Mussolini was demanding his resignation and that he was preparing to march on Rome.

  2. Free essay

    History Assessment

    They did this through a number of ways. Some protests were done by songs called protest songs. For example Bob Dylan was one of the key figures of the 1960's protest movement. Many soul singers of the time wrote and performed many protest songs which addressed the increasing demand for

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work