• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Slavery and the concept of "white supremacy" have largely contributed to the viewpoints of race in the southern states, as well as the rest of the country. Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Throughout the years, the concept of race has changed in the South. Slavery and the concept of "white supremacy" have largely contributed to the viewpoints of race in the southern states, as well as the rest of the country. The definition of race has changed, as well as the effects of race on a nation. Prior to the sixteenth century, race was defined as descendants of a common ancestor, or your kin. This definition was based solely on ancestry instead of the color of your skin. After the 16th century, the concept of race changed during the Age of Exploration by the Europeans. This new definition of race is based on physical and mental attributes, or characteristics of a person. The color of a person's skin began to have a large effect on their racial classification, and thus, how they were treated. ...read more.

Middle

After the Civil War ended, African American slaves supposedly won their freedom. African Americans, however, were not free yet from the white population in the South. They needed political freedom and economic freedom, neither of which they had at the Civil War's end. In 1865, the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in the United States, but it didn't really mean the freed had their freedom The concept of race also changed in the South after the Civil War during the Reconstruction Era from 1865-1877. The concept of "white supremacy" was still strong and evident. Sharecropping came about for poor black and white farmers as a way to keep them working. Through this system, the poor farmers would never be able to pay off their debt to the landowner. Black codes were enacted in the South to keep conditions as close to slavery as possible. ...read more.

Conclusion

Jim Crow laws were created as a way to prevent the blacks from voting, such as having to pass a literacy test, pay a poll tax, or have had a grandfather that voted. Also during this time, a famous Supreme Court case arose establishing a way of life for sixty years, especially in the South. In 1896, the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson established a phrase "separate but equal", making segregation legal. The Populists Party was created during this time by Southern farmers. The concept over this party was built around the phrase "the Big Man vs. the little guy". This party was able to give Southerners a voice in politics. Politics during the segregation time period was strongly linked to race and the candidate's stand on African Americans. Segregation finally came to an end after sixty years in the Civil Rights Movement during the 1950's and 1960's. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. One problem leading to Blacks fighting for their Civil Rights was the unjust Jim ...

    An educated race is a dangerous race. Blacks also had the fact of segregation to deal with which was humiliating, denying decent education and professional jobs. This is shown by the sheer amount of blacks not in professional occupations in America.

  2. Blacks were substantially better off in 1877 than they had been in 1863.' How ...

    State Governments found loopholes in the 14th Amendment and introduced voting qualifications such as grandfather clauses. This meant that only men who had had the vote in their family for two generations before themselves could have the vote. This prevented many ex-slaves from voting because they had only been freed a few years previous.

  1. Essay Structure

    Malcolm at last gained an education as he devoured books in prison about black civilisations and struggles against injustice. 'I never will forget how shocked I was when I began reading about slavery's total horror ... Book after book showed me how the white man had brought upon the world's

  2. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    Whereas the white people could walz right into theirs. 12% of the land was left for the africans, most of which was dry, poor, mountainous land on which they had to farm and live. However over three- quarters of the popullation was african. Mixed marriages and mixed sexual relationships were prohibited, and everyone had to register as white, black or mixed, but only white were excepted in society.

  1. The United States or Divided States of America?

    Communists, especially the famous 'Hollywood Ten' pleaded with the US Constitution's guarantee of equality before the law and fair trials, and many also used the freedom of speech and media to write in newspapers, journals, and magazines. The blacks had not totally succeeded in their goals in WWII, and even

  2. Racism in the Unites States.

    2.The causes of the 1992 riots where not too dissimilar to the causes of the riots in 1965. The main cause and motivation was the attack on Rodney King. Rodney King, a black man and his friend Allen and Freddy Helms where stopped by four L.A.P.D officers after a high-speed chase.

  1. South Africa and Apartheid: Have the effects of apartheid disappeared?

    Apart from honesty, there would be no other reason that the ANC would otherwise release this document.

  2. "How helpful is the concept of counter-culture in understanding the changes that took place ...

    being replaced by satire, bands like The Beatles and The Rolling Stones becoming popular almost overnight, and in fashion Biba and Mary Quant produced fashions that were counter-cultural, dresses made in the 'short, shift style made famous by Jean Shrimpton' (Resource Book 4, A5).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work