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Slavery and the concept of "white supremacy" have largely contributed to the viewpoints of race in the southern states, as well as the rest of the country. Discuss

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Introduction

Throughout the years, the concept of race has changed in the South. Slavery and the concept of "white supremacy" have largely contributed to the viewpoints of race in the southern states, as well as the rest of the country. The definition of race has changed, as well as the effects of race on a nation. Prior to the sixteenth century, race was defined as descendants of a common ancestor, or your kin. This definition was based solely on ancestry instead of the color of your skin. After the 16th century, the concept of race changed during the Age of Exploration by the Europeans. This new definition of race is based on physical and mental attributes, or characteristics of a person. The color of a person's skin began to have a large effect on their racial classification, and thus, how they were treated. ...read more.

Middle

After the Civil War ended, African American slaves supposedly won their freedom. African Americans, however, were not free yet from the white population in the South. They needed political freedom and economic freedom, neither of which they had at the Civil War's end. In 1865, the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in the United States, but it didn't really mean the freed had their freedom The concept of race also changed in the South after the Civil War during the Reconstruction Era from 1865-1877. The concept of "white supremacy" was still strong and evident. Sharecropping came about for poor black and white farmers as a way to keep them working. Through this system, the poor farmers would never be able to pay off their debt to the landowner. Black codes were enacted in the South to keep conditions as close to slavery as possible. ...read more.

Conclusion

Jim Crow laws were created as a way to prevent the blacks from voting, such as having to pass a literacy test, pay a poll tax, or have had a grandfather that voted. Also during this time, a famous Supreme Court case arose establishing a way of life for sixty years, especially in the South. In 1896, the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson established a phrase "separate but equal", making segregation legal. The Populists Party was created during this time by Southern farmers. The concept over this party was built around the phrase "the Big Man vs. the little guy". This party was able to give Southerners a voice in politics. Politics during the segregation time period was strongly linked to race and the candidate's stand on African Americans. Segregation finally came to an end after sixty years in the Civil Rights Movement during the 1950's and 1960's. ...read more.

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