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South Africa coursework -apartheid and the role of Steve Biko in opposing it.

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Introduction

South Africa coursework Question 1 There were many changes brought about by apartheid. Three of these changes are: The bonte education act. This was where black people and white people had separate education. This was because people believed that white people would achieve more then black people. Within universities non-whites were not allowed to attend white universities. Also black people had to pay for their own equipment. Before this act black people were considered as intelligent as white people and were entitled to a free education just like white people. Another change was the prohibition of mixed marriages act. This meant that different races were not allowed to get married or have intimate relationships with each other. It was considered unacceptable for white people to mix with non-whites. Before this act people of different races were allowed to mix and marry if they liked. The third change, the native laws amendment act, was that black people had their own restricted areas in which they could not leave after certain times. ...read more.

Middle

This went against the police verdict which stated that he was knocked unconscious during an argument. Another reason given by the police for Biko's death was that he died due to a hunger strike. Question 2 a) The meaning of the phrase 'The South Africa black liberation movement' is a resistance group, which includes many organisations. It protests against apartheid and allows people of any race, background and gender into their group. They use both violent and non-violent methods in their protesting. One organisation included is the ANC, who fight for human and political rights of people of any race. b) The 'Black consciousness movement' started as a student organisation in a university, however the group got so popular that they became a national movement. The group was lead by Steve Biko and focused on the rights of black people through out South Africa. They believed that Black people were treated unfairly in South Africa and that Black people were equal to white people. ...read more.

Conclusion

They started to think that if they believed in equality between all races that they would be allowed back in the Olympics. Sport was very important to South Africans. When the school children rioted in Soweto in 1976, where hundreds of children were killed, many people from around the world began to realise what was happening within South Africa and tried to do something about it, but this did not change apartheid because governments for other countries could not interfere with South Africa's government ruling. However this did not stop them from protesting. The South African government chose to ignore the protest and stood by there rulings I believe Nelson Mandela being released from prison in 1990 did not play a big part in ending apartheid because it did not change people's opinions about black people within South Africa. I also think this did not help change apartheid much because Mandela believed that Biko had a good chance of winning against the government so Biko was the main person fighting for the ending of apartheid. ...read more.

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