• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Cold War was a war between the United Sates and its allies and the Soviet Socialists Republic (USSR) and their allies. This war lasted from the mid 1940s to the end of the 1980s.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Cold War was a war between the United Sates and its allies and the Soviet Socialists Republic (USSR) and their allies. This war lasted from the mid 1940s to the end of the 1980s. The US represented democracy and capitalism which is an economic system that allows people to open up businesses and earn their own money while the soviets represented communism which is an equal economy. The term Cold War meant that the US and the USSR were at war but an ideological war, rather than a war with ammunition. This constant fighting led to the formation of The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949) and the soviet dominated Warsaw pact (1955). The war was mainly centered in Europe. In 1917, the end of World War 1, the later communists (Bolsheviks) ...read more.

Middle

In 1947 President Truman of America issued the Truman Doctrine which stated that the US had to help any nation that the US government considered to be threatened by Soviet communism. The goal of this policy was to stop the spread of communism around the world. After Germany's defeat in World War 2 it was divided into British, French, American, and Soviet zones. The city of Berlin belonged to the Soviets but the governments could not decide whether or not to be a communist or capitalist government. The US and Britain decided to unite their zones because they were afraid that the bad results from the war left Europe vulnerable to the soviets. The US designed programs to rebuild western European economies. This program was called the Marshall Plan which was named after the US secretary of state George C. ...read more.

Conclusion

In response to this, eastern European communist nations led by the USSR formed the Warsaw Pact. The US President Ronald Reagan, saw the USSR as an evil empire and the soviets viewed him as a foe willing to risk nuclear war in the process. In the mid 1980s Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in the USSR and he achieved agreements with the west. In 1987, Gorbachev and Reagan agreed to eliminate a whole class of their countries nuclear missiles. In 1989, communists began to fall in the countries of Eastern Europe and the wall that divided east and West Germany since 1961 was torn down. In 1991, the USSR was eliminated and Russia and other Soviet republics became independent states. The end of Soviet power and the USSR itself was the end of the Cold War period. The ideology that once started the Cold War was now over and the American's defeated communism with capitalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    for communist party * In 1960 Vietcong movement included opponenst of govrnment and communist people (peasants who didnt support Vietcong experineced intimidation and violance from them * Vietcong started querilla war against south govrn. Voetnamese force, officials, buildings -> countryside unsafe for govt.

  2. What Caused the Cold War And Who Was To Blame?

    The western writers blamed Stalin at first, saying tat Stalin was trying to spread Communism all over the world and then take over. Later, however, in the 1960s, in the time of the Vietnam War, they blamed the west.

  1. Why did the Cold War end?

    This shows that the USSR were low on money, showing a not-so "super"power, and that the USSR was weakening and in line for a fall. Corruption was the next thing to hit the USSR, Brezhnev was the worst USSR leader (in terms of leadership, not what they did).

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    This is an example of where his personal attributes would have an adverse effect on the Soviet Union. It is the belief of Zubok that the "systematic dismantling...were not an organic Soviet or Russian development...[but was] linked to Gorbachev as an individual" (ZA P69).

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    A further key feature was the airlift. The USA began to lift supplies into East Berlin via air ad any other decision would have resulted in a direct war. The airlifts lasted for 11 months when up to 200, 00 flights were made to Berlin.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    - Opposed to private property, government controlled all property and shared wealth among all - State before the individual - Only communist party members could be elected to government - Clash with USA inevitable - Believed capitalists would try to destroy Marxism and USSR Negatives - Brutal dictatorship and elites

  1. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe and the USSR?

    taking place, pressure mounted on the East German authorities to open the Berlin border to the west.

  2. The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and the USSR

    Thousands of people were besieging West German embassies in Warsaw and Prague, demanding access to the West, just as thousands of East German ?tourists? were entering Austria across Hungary?s open borders. The embarrassed East German Government reluctantly agreed to grant exit visas to the East German tourists in Prague, as

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work