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The Dunkirk evacuation.

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Introduction

THE DUNKIRK EVACUATION The 2nd World War had begun after the German invasion of Poland in 1939. Britain and France had now declared war on Germany and the British army crossed over to Northern France to face the expected German attack. For months phoney war followed, until the Germans invaded Belgium and France. The plan that the BEF had decided was based on what the Germans were expected to do. According to the BEF the main German attack was to enter through Belgium, which the BEF and the French army would move into from Northern France to stop the Germans attacking them. The Maginot line was a fortresses built in the 1930s to defend France from a German attack. This line was just behind the Ardennes where most of the French army was placed to stop the other German attack into France. Also a weak party of the French army was placed in the Ardennes region because they didn't expect that the Germans could invade through such a small area, but unfortunately they were wrong. The German armies plan had now changed by the time they had attacked France in 1940. They now planned on making two attacks. The first one was to be an attack through Belgium and was a decoy to draw the BEF into Belgium but this was not the main attack. ...read more.

Middle

Also the speed of the German attack had caught out the British. The Halt order was a brilliant chance for the BEF to defend Dunkirk before the Germans got there. The main significance of saving the BEF was so that Britain would be able to continue in the war. Back home in England the British government was aware that in France the situation was getting worse, they decided that they needed a quick plan to evacuate the BEF. Admiral Ramsay of the Royal Navy was put in charge to complete the job by the 26th of May. Ramsay was ordered to begin the evacuation which had been named 'Operation Dynamo'. The plan had been made to rescue as many of the army from the port of Dunkirk by using the Royal Navy ships and other ships. It was predicted that the evacuation would last a couple of days and they would save about 40,000 people. But Luckily the evacuation lasted for 9 whole days, and they were able to rescue at least 338, 226 soldiers from the harbour and beaches of Dunkirk. The ships that were used at first for the evacuation were the Barges and the cross Channel Ferries. The soldiers on the beaches waiting to be evacuated The soldiers on the beaches were eagerly waiting for their turn to be rescued. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the last day 622 soldiers were rescued from the beaches and 25,553 from the harbour. The troops who defended Dunkirk while the evacuation took place retreated to the beaches to be saved, but by 2.23pm the evacuation had ended. Most of the troops defending Dunkirk were French, and some were British. Many of the troops got rescued just in time but some were captured by the Germans or killed by Hitler's secret army. Soldier being rescued from Dunkirk The journey home, for the soldiers that had been rescued was very stressful and tiring. Most of them had not had no food or a wash for many days, and they were very dirty and 'smelly'. It was also a very crowded journey as there were many soldiers on board, than there should be. During all the journey the soldiers thought that the people at home would be thinking that they were cowards, running away from the battlefield. But they were wrong because when they arrived in England people received them as heroes. Soldiers arriving back home safely Many people waited for them impatiently and greeted them with love and affection. Some family members were very disappointed not seeing their relatives back home safely. The overall result of the evacuation was that the Navy and the civilians put together saved 338,226 from the beaches and harbours of Dunkirk and brought them home safely. Although some solders did die during the evacuation. By Shabiha Jeebhai 11VA ...read more.

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