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"The economic depression of 1929-1932 was the turning point in Nazi fortunes". How well does this explain Hitler's achievement of power in 1933?

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Introduction

"The economic depression of 1929-1932 was the turning point in Nazi fortunes". How well does this explain Hitler's achievement of power in 1933? In January 1933 Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany by president Hindenburgh. Although there are various arguments about the main reason of "why" Nazi Party came to power, most historians agreed that the economic depression of 1929 was the turning point of the "biggest" mistake in world history: Adolf Hitler becoming Fuhrer in 1934. Gustav Stresemann, leader of the right-wing party agreed to become chancellor in September 1923. At that moment Germans were facing Hyperinflation and the Weimar Republic did not have much of support. Gustav Stressman came to the rescue playing a large role in stopping inflation and saving the Republic. Amongst the leaders he was respected as one of them said:" the Republic is beginning to stabilise itself and the German people are becoming to the way things are." After 1923 the German economy improved, they restarted the Reparations payments through the Dawes Plan. As a result of the payments Germany received "big" loans from America businesses. In 1925 Stresseman signed the Locarno Pact, in which Germany and France should not attack each other. Germany under Stresseman were aiming to re-establish their position collaborating with the world community. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler in little time founded the SS his party military force. Politician and ex soldiers were convinced about Hitlers idea, the membership of the Nazi Party grew from 27,000 in 1925 to 72,000in 1927 and 178,000 by 1929. October 1929 generally by historians is seen as the year/month the "door opened" for the Nazi Party destiny. Gustav Stressman died and the Wall Street Crash. These two factors were significant for the following reason: Gustav Stressman was the man that gave Germans a reliable stable government and with his death Germany lost a great chancellor. After three weeks of his death the stock market on New York's Wall Street crashed. Germany was affected badly, repayments of old loans from America became due and the German economy became to crack. Germany's unemployment began to rise dramatically from 1,320,000 in September 1929 to 3 million in September 1930, and over 4 million a year later. Bullock said: "The depression put the wind into Hitler sail". Although the depression was agreed by a large number of historians to have played a mayor role I the oncoming of the Nazi in power, some argue that other different factors such as the weakness in the Weimar Constitution was fundamental on the matter. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler wrote: "our first meetings were distinguished by the fact that there were tables covered with leaflets, papers and pamphlets of every kind. But we relied principally on the spoken word." Hitler speech were always addressed to the right person because he told them what they want to hear, with simple language, so everybody could understand, he was a "maestro" in his gestures, moving his body and arms in syntony with his voice. Propaganda was for Hitler "fuel for his car", he let Goebbels direct the propaganda campaign. He used brilliant tecnique to win mass support for the Fuhrer(1934) and his party. He used the media to campaign. When he campaigned to be elected president in March1932 an aeroplane was charted to fly him from meeting to meeting. Leni Riefenstahl helped the Nazis for their propaganda issue, she was a film maker, so she made a couple of film regarding Nazi and Hitler, one of her famous film is "The triumph of the will" was about Hitler's 1934 Nuremberg rallies. It is arguable which event was the main heading for the turning point in Nazi fortunes, although there is no dispute amongst historians that the world economic crisis was an event of epoch making significance for the rise of the Nazi Party and Hitler in power by 1933. MOHAMED OMAR'S ESSAY 5B1 ...read more.

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