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The Effects of the Great Depression on the Rise of Hitler

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Introduction

The Effects of the Great Depression on the Rise of Hitler Michel Pratte Mrs. Duschinsky 16 October 2002 Word Count: 1514 As the roaring twenties neared an end, the economy looked promising, but this semblance of stability needed only one event to send the world into an economics crisis never before seen. The Great depression hit America in October 1929, but had a ripple effect on the entire world. The market crash on Wall Street meant that all the surpluses of funds had now disappeared. Foreign investors were no longer willing, nor able, to put their money into foreign markets and this was an enormous problem for Germany. The general pattern for investing comprised of short-term loans for long-term enterprises.1 This dependence on foreign markets is evident through the 5 billion marks injected into the economy in 19282, and this stemmed from the fact that their interest rates were so high, resulting in a false stability for the German economy. This economic downturn was just what Hitler required to boost his popularity. He needed the general population to be unhappy with the current government, and the depression resulted in such angry sentiments towards the state. ...read more.

Middle

In 1925, we re-founded the NSDAP and created a new strategy.6 He created the image of a constitutional democracy aimed at electoral support. But the country was not searching for radical solutions, because in the mid-twenties, Stresemann was in charge, and everything seemed to be going well. The NSDAP only had 12 seats following the 19287 election, and this limited success was a result of conditions not being right for Hitler to gain the support he needed. He needed unrest and unhappiness amongst the general population so they would look for radical solutions to their problems. But this was not to be, and as the twenties rolled on, Hitler searched for a different support base. He found one in the rural areas. Hitler found that it was very expensive to try and run campaigns in the cities, and he was not seeing the results he was expecting. This led him to the rural areas where bad harvests in the late twenties were making life difficult. He was able to gain the support of the people and this was significant when the depression came around. When the bottom of the economy fell out, there was no hope in the Weimar republic and Muller's coalition collapsed on ...read more.

Conclusion

He used the radio, the papers, speakers, provocative posters and bands12 to get his word across to the people. But, he was successful because he kept his messages simple and easy to remember. Hitler believed that "the receptivity of the great masses is very limited, their intelligence is small, but their power of forgetting is enormous."13 His party was the most organized as this allowed him to seize power when the opportunity arose; and it did so with the coming of the depression. Hitler's rise was a combination of good timing, excellent planning and endless dedication to success. He tried many different strategies until he found one that worked, and unlike other parties, he adjusted to what the voters wanted. He expanded his support base by making issues that concerned people, easy to understand and remember. He earend his way up in the ranks of his party, and became leader of Germany because of the many factors discussed. He acted when was appropriate, and the poor economic state did nothing but help Hitler quest for leadership. It allowed him to gain the interest, and eventually the trust of the people. But the results of such brilliant campaigning resulted in arguably the most gruesome regime in the history of mankind. ...read more.

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