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The following are al equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union: - The purges - The secret police - Propaganda and the cult of personality - Stalins economic policies. Exp

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Q3: The following are al equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union: - The purges - The secret police - Propaganda and the 'cult of personality' - Stalin's economic policies. Explain how far you agree with this statement. I think that the following are equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union: the purges, the secret police, propaganda and the 'cult of personality' and finally Stalin's economic policies. Firstly, the purges. During the 1930s the Soviet Union (Russia) became known as a totalitarian state- this is where a single party has complete power, and everyone is expected to be completely obedient to the states orders. As soon as Stalin found anyone he regarded as a threat to himself or the government, he immediately had them either killed or imprisoned by the newly reorganised secret police, the NKVD, under its leader Yagoda. ...read more.


Soon enough, in great 'show trials', leading party members and loyal Bolsheviks, such as Kamenev, Bukharin and Zinoviev were purged. It is estimated that around 500,000 party members were either executed or sent to gulags (labour camps), on charges of anti-Soviet activities i.e. kulaks. The Secret Police, propaganda and the cult of personality also played a big role regarding the success of Stalin. The secret police, CHEKA (under Lenin) soon became the OGPU, and then finally the NKVD (1934, under the reign of Stalin.) During its first year, the new head of the NKVD (Genrikh Yagoda) arrested Kamenev, Zinoviev, Smirnov, and thirteen others; he accused them of being involved with Trotsky in a plot to murder Josef Stalin and his supporters. All of these men were found guilty of these charges and were executed on 25th August, 1936. The NKVD broke prisoners down by intense, brutal interrogation. ...read more.


Either we make good the difference in 10 years or they crush us.'' In order to industrialise Russia, Stalin introduced a series of Five-Year Plans. The Five-Year Plans were used very effectively for propaganda purposes, the workers were constantly bombarded with propaganda, posters, slogans and radio broadcasts. They all had strict targets to meet and were fined if these targets weren't met. The most famous of all the workers was Alexei Stakhanov. In 1935 he managed to shift an amazing 102 tonnes of coal in one shift, this was fourteen times the average amount for a shift. Stakhanov became a 'Hero of Socialist Labour' and the propaganda machine encouraged all workers to work harder and become 'Stakhanovites.' As we can see, I think it's fair to say that the above are all equally important reasons for Stalin's success, and are all linked to the manner in which he controlled the USSR during his reign. ?? ?? ?? ?? Philip Mcloughlin History Q3 ...read more.

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