• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union, The Purges and Show Trails, The Secret Police, Propaganda and the Cult of Personality, Stalins Economic Policies - How far do you agree with this sta

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Coursework Question 3 The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union 1.The Purges and Show Trails 2.The Secret Police 3.Propaganda and the Cult of Personality 4.Stalins Economic Policies Explain how far you agree with this statement. Stalin was ruthless in order to stay in power, there are many reasons that helped him hold on to his position. Through the Purges Stalin was able to eliminate or clear out all opposition within the party. Anyone who threatened his position, or disagreed with some of his policies, was purged. They were purged in great Show Trails, in order for the Stalin to have a motive for punishing them. They would be forced to confess false crimes, such as plotting against Stalin. For example Zionviev and Kamenev were put on trail for plotting to kill Stalin and even Lenin. This was obviously untrue but they confessed to this and were executed. ...read more.

Middle

The NKVD were also the ones who would torture and threaten family members of the party opposition in order for them to confess in the Show Trials. This was important because otherwise many of Stalin's opposition would not be destroyed, as they would not confess in the Show Trails. Propaganda was a very effective tool in keeping hold of power. It would literally brainwash the Russian people into believing Stalin was a god and a hero. His image could be seen everywhere, towns and cities were named after him, like Stalingrad and Stalino. His role in the revolution was exaggerated, as was his relationship with Lenin. His enemies were portrayed as traitors to Russia. Even schools were affected, children were taught of the greatness of Stalin, in textbooks that were specifically created to support Stalin. The Propaganda helped Stalin because it gained him more loyalty and support and less opposition. The new generation of children would especially be loyal, as they were being taught of the greatness of Stalin right from the start. ...read more.

Conclusion

If you lived in Russia during his reign, it was either support Stalin or face death, and that proves that the Purges were extremely important in helping Stalin. Although it would be unfair to say that all the others were irrelevant, because they all helped each other. For example, propaganda may not have been so successful without Stalin's Economic Policies, because they were Stalin's greatest achievement and were one of the main focuses of propaganda. But more importantly the purges and show trails may not have been so successful without the secret police and the propaganda. The secret police undertook the job of interrogating and threatening those on trail for being purged, without them the Show Trails would not be in Stalin's favor. The propaganda helped the purges by encouraging Russian's to denounce traitors, it helped the show trails by portraying those on trail as evil traitors. So to conclude it is obvious that all reasons were important, but the Purges were vital in helping Stalin stay in power, because they eradicated opposition. Duncan Knipe ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    In the post-war period Stalin also mismanaged his country's relations and helped unite Europe and America in a solid anti-Soviet bloc. There were numerous strengths and weaknesses in the Stalinist system. Despite creating socialism and strengthening Russia considerably in industrial and military terms, Stalin had stunted the progress of the

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    The Plans saw the successful completion of projects to provide power for the growth in industry, an example like I mentioned was the 'Dneiprostroi Dam'. The Five Year Plans developed the major cities such as Leningrad and Moscow. The coal and steel industries expanded rapidly in the early 1939's when the second of the plans were introduced.

  1. To what extent was Stalin's economic policy successful? In the 1920's the soviet economy ...

    1936 242.2 110.5 82.8 1937 243.7 116.0 91.2 1938 242.4 117.2 93.3 1939 241.1 114.9 94.0 1940 236.3 117.6 94.5 This source supports collectivisation as a success because in the end it did complete what it set out to do these figures support this as a success because collective farms skyrocketed.

  2. Were Stalins purges a success?

    The purges were extended, and Stalin turned his attention onto university lecturers, teachers, miners, engineers, factory managers and even ordinary workers, just to stay in control.

  1. Evaluation on the Effect of Stalin's Economic and Social Policies

    Life for the average man or woman working in an industry at the time of the 5 Year Plans, was not a pleasant existence. Not only was the pay poor for the average worker, but there was nothing being produced, for the people to buy, because the focus was not

  2. How successful were Stalins Economic Policies?

    Collectivisation aimed to banish these capitalist ways of life to be replaced by more Communist ways of farming. The individual plots of land were combined into one Kolkhoz, a collective farm that all peasants worked on together. Modern machinery like tractors were given to each Kolkhoz to replace the backward

  1. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    Although both sources are opinions, Source M is very one sided as it denounces Stalin - makes him look bad. We know that source L is subjective because the author begins with 'it is my belief that....'. Like Source M, source L was taken from a biography of Stalin and

  2. How important was Stalin compared to Lenin in creating the Soviet Union?

    Also, Stalin's daughter commented that he was "lonely" and "isolated". From this I can draw a similar conclusion that in fact Stalin conducted the Purges due to his own personal insecurities. From this I can conclude that Lenin was much more cautious in how he conserved Land, whereas Stalin was prepared to annoy others to achieve his goals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work