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The Impact of European Settlers on the Traditional Aboriginals

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ESSAY Traditional Aboriginal society was extremely well adapted to the harsh Australian environment. European settlement drastically impacted the way in which the Aboriginal people lived. The traditional Aboriginals live harmoniously with the Australian land. They utilised all which the land provided and were careful not to be wasteful. Tools were made from whatever could be found during any particular season and in most instances were reusable and multi-purpose. As food and water were scarce, the Aboriginals accumulated over 40,000 years of phenomenal knowledge about when, where and how to find all the best watering holes and edible food. Aboriginals were nomadic. They used what they needed and then moved onto another area to let the land recover and regrow what they had used. ...read more.


Alcohol was also introduced; it had a considerable effect on the behaviour of the Aboriginals. The Aboriginals lost their land and hunting grounds and were forced to conform to the European way of life. To the Aboriginals, land was not to be bought, sold or exchanged; it was sacred. Whereas the European's opinions differed; they believed that land was there to be cultivated and productive enough to earn them money. Along with this opinion the Europeans also believed that those who were cultivating the land had a right to own the land. This evidence shows the difference in the 'European way' and the 'Aboriginal way'. The land was not only taken away from the Aboriginal's, but essentially their whole livelihood was torn apart. ...read more.


One of the Aboriginals, Pemulwuy, without warning, speared McIntire. This evidence shows that McIntire was considerate enough to learn the Aboriginal language and was attempting to form a positive relationship with the Aboriginals. His attempts were met with hostility. It also shows that the Europeans gave the Aboriginals the upper hand and the Aboriginals abused this power. Some Europeans made a constructive effort to relate with the Aboriginals but it was too little and too late. The traditional Aboriginals respected the land that they lived on and had vast built up knowledge about it. They were exceptionally well adapted to it and treated it generously. The European settlers severely impacted the way in which the Aboriginals lived. The Europeans introduced diseases and alcohol which were foreign concepts to the Aboriginals. The opinions and beliefs of both the Aboriginals and Europeans differed so greatly that it caused major conflict between the races. ...read more.

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