• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The inaugural speech of John F. Kennedy.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

This is the inaugural speech of John F. Kennedy. The inaugural address is the statement of the beginning of a political administration. It is aimed at the U.S. public and members of Congress. The idea of an inaugural speech is to give the country a plan for the next four years, as well as to inspire them. It is used to mend fences with political opponents, as well as to try to unify the country. The first paragraph of Kennedy's speech summarizes the main theme of his talk. It is not necessarily a celebration of victory, but rather a vision he has for the work he will do during his term in office. It is also a call for others to help achieve his goals. Antithesis is a recurring structure of the speech. In paragraph 1, Kennedy introduces the theme of the speech and the antithetical keynote in the first sentence: "We observe today not a victory of party, but a celebration of freedom - symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning - signifying renewal, as well as change." Kennedy tries to open his speech by a number of comparisons of opposites. ...read more.

Middle

in the beginning of the paragraph for 7 times. These sentences are also employing inversion with the group of people being addressed placed in the beginning of the sentence, thus emphasizing the importance of those groups of people. Also, from paragraph 14 to 17, the President is suggesting a course of action ("Let both sides..."), and he uses "let both side" in the beginning of the paragraph for 4 times. These two sections (paragraphs 6-11 and paragraphs 14 to 17) are again making use of parallelism. In addition, by repeating the same words in the beginning of clauses, a sense of coordinateness is emphasized. It also adds rhythm to the speech. Regarding the word choice of the above two sections in the speech, the President repeatedly uses "pledge" in paragraph 6 to 11, suggesting that what he is saying is even stronger than a promise and thus making his speech more formal and serious. Besides, the effect of the repeated use of "let" is that they lay down a progress of actions instead of commands. They can induce action from the audience. Kennedy wants to persuade the audience to act rather than to force them. ...read more.

Conclusion

In paragraph 23, he uses two rhetorical questions "Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort?" These questions occur at a point where the President is about to deliver his peroration. Up to this point he has been declaring what he will do and what the Americans can do. Now he wants to suggest what the rest of the world can do to support his program of peace. There is also use of imperatives. In the last 3 paragraphs of the speech, we see three sharp imperatives, using "ask", which encourage the citizens to act. The audience is no loner mere listeners but they can engage actively. These imperatives suggest the action that should be taken by the citizens. On the whole, the speech consists of simple vocabularies, with occasional use of archaic diction, such as "forebears", "anew", "dare", and "foe" etc. Also, there is a religious and reverential tone, with the President's invocation to God for a few times. All these are adding formality to the speech. The devices used by Kennedy are all carriers of meaning and they all serve to make the speech a more effective and appealing one. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Why is President John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure in history?

    Many of his mistresses included, most famously, the film star and international sex symbol Marilyn Monroe. These indiscretions were kept secret by the loyalty of his family. It was also seen as if Kennedy was addicted to pain killing drugs not a man who is a picture of good health.

  2. Essay Structure

    Malcolm Little, was also born to an American Baptist preacher, in 1925. _____________________________________________________________________ (1) When he was six years old, two white playmates were told not to play with him, and his mother had to explain about segregation: She told him it was a social condition, and that he was as good as anyone else.

  1. Why is J. F. Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure today?

    He and his family were the closest thing America had to royalty. Often being compared to King Arthur and Queen Guinevere in their Camelot (White House).

  2. John F. Kennedy Assassination Sources Questions

    Source I and J are useless as the reliability of the witnesses is highly questionable. The Ramsey Panels' evidence contradicts the HSCA's and we can't determine the validity of each. Based on the factual statistics in source M, it is most likely that only 3 shots were fired - however,

  1. Why was President Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure in history?

    Although this move and the speech that Kennedy made when he was in Berlin were famous they were also controversial as they angered the Soviets. Cold war tensions were further aggravated when the Soviet Union sent the first man into space in April and resumed atmospheric nuclear tests in September.

  2. JFK - John Fitzgerald Kennedy.

    Khrushchev sends another fax saying that if Kennedy lifts the blockade he will take his missiles out of Cuba. On 27th Khrushchev demanded that Kennedy also takes his missile bases out of Turkey. On the same day an American U2 Spy plane is shot down by the Russians.

  1. JFK's Inaugural Address - 1961 Throughout history, Presidents have used the Inaugural Address as ...

    our duties as US citizens are no different. "We dare not today forget that we are the heirs of that first revolution...and we are unwilling to permit the slow undoing of the human rights to which this nation has always been committed to...The torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans."

  2. Can John F Kennedy be classified as one of the great US Presidents?

    These acts helped build on his popularity as people saw him as a caring president who was carrying out his promise of "a New Frontier." Kennedy's first major accomplishment as president was bringing in the Peace Corps, a charity organisation which he campaigned for during his pre election period.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work