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The League of Nations was formed after the First World War, during 1919 at a close time of the signing of the Treaty Of Versailles.

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Introduction

Lewis Wood The League of Nations was formed after the First World War, during 1919 at a close time of the signing of the Treaty Of Versailles. The League was the brainchild of Woodrow Wilson of America, but despite it being his vision, America never joined the League. It was an organisation set up to settle international disputes peacefully and effectively and to improve the international way of life, offering aid and an alternative to violence, making the world as whole a better more peaceful place. The official aims were : To deal with disputes among nations, to prevent war, to protect the independence of countries and safeguard their borders and to encourage each country to reduce its armaments The League of Nations faced many problems from the start of its existence some which cold of been avoided some which possibly couldn't of been. The course of most of the problems was the fact that not all international countries were actually in the League. This meant that it was hard for the League to impose sanctions (possibly the most used means of punishment by the League) and to impose and keep international law. The absence of America in the League left Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and U.S.S.R as the main international states to give the League Of The Nations of the structure and backbone to what it stood for and stands for today. ...read more.

Middle

The main reason for this was the act from self interest of countries not to reduce their armaments in the case of future wars, and countires wanting power seeked only through armaments. Poland and Lithuania - The two countries had rivial claims to Vilna. The League of Nations was over ruled by the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris. The Conference of Ambassadors was formed to deal with problems arising out of the Versailles Treaty. And the Corfu Incident - A group of ambassadors was working on a boundary dispute between Greece and Albania. An Italian General was sent to investigate and he was shot in Greece. The reasons for the shooting were never clear, but Mussolini immediately ordered the shelling of Corfu, a Greek island and demanded heavy compensation. The League offered a solution, but the Conference of Ambassadors rejected it and rewrote one in favour of Italy upon heavy pressure from Italy and Mussolini. Despite failures of the league, there was also many successes especially in more smaller less international schemes : International Labour Organization was developed and worked to improve working conditions all over the world. They persuaded governments to set maximum working day and week, specify adequate minimum wages and introduce old age pensions, unemployment and sickness benefits. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the League of Nations where never ready to carry out physical action, instead the main course of action was to condemn a country. This lack of action was probably due to self interest and not being able to afford to fight a war. But it could be said that if there was more action there could have been more done over some of possible failures of the league. The league of nations failed to carry out actions and to stop some countries doing as they please an army could have sorted out a lot of disputes instead of them happening. Another reason was that the League Of Nations wasn't seen strong enough by any country in the wrong. The was not actually anything to keep a country in the league and make them follow the league's instructions. If a country in the league did not like what was being done, they simply left the league. This is why there was so many counties coming in and out of the league since it was set up. A prime example of a country leaving the league from being displeased was Germany after the issue over the league wanting it to restrict there army. Things didn't go Germany's way so they simply left and followed there own interests. ...read more.

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