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The main effects of Nazi policies on Jewish communities in Germany and Nazi occupied Europe

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Introduction

The main effects of Nazi policies on Jewish communities in Germany and Nazi occupied Europe The Nazis effected the Jewish communities in Europe to a great extent. Amongst other lesser penalties, mammoth killings, forced migration, and sentences to execution and death camps were all habitual occurrences in Jewish life during Nazi rule. Between 1933 and 1935, many small laws were brought in which began to limit the Jewish populations rights and abilities to remain as part of Hitler's "Third Reich". These included the setting up of a department of "Racial Hygiene", and the exclusion of Jews from journalism and medicine. Then in September 1935 Hitler announced at the Nuremburg Rally extensive laws, giving details of the 'Aryan' requirements for German citizenship, which made no allowance for Jews to live happily in Germany and made them all second class citizens. ...read more.

Middle

when many synagogues were burnt and nearly one hundred murders were committed, many members of the German public showed graphically that Jews were no longer a respected group in German society. The Jews were then ordered to pay for the damage caused, which was humiliating for them and unfair to them. By 15 November all Jews were expelled from schools across Germany. An office for "Jewish emigration", directed by Heydrich, was set up in January 1939, making it obvious that their would soon be large numbers of people being excluded from Germany. In September 1939, as well as Jews being sent to camps, 'ghettos' were introduced. This involved the transportation of whole Jewish communities from their home towns to designated areas. Most people saw this as a step towards organised executions of the communities, although it may have been well defended by the claim that it was to contain disease, ( as Nazi doctors at the time were claiming that Jews were carriers of diseases such as spotted fever ). ...read more.

Conclusion

There was running water in only one per cent of the apartments, and the amount of calories that the Jews received in their food was only one-eighth of what the Germans got. Due to these standards, their were outbreaks of spotted fever, typhus and tuberculosis, so even if the ghettos had been for disease containment, they had done more harm than good. In fact, the monthly death figure for Warsaw in 1941 rose from 898 in January to 4 239 in December. As soon as the Nazis came into power, all communities which did not conform to the Aryan ideal, not just the Jewish race, came under attack. But the Jews being the largest of them, were made out to be the worst of all. This meant they had the hardest punishments and prohibitions applied to them, affecting all of their everyday lives. The Nazi policies were developed throughout their period of power, into legitimate channels for orders of mass annihilation, bringing pain and suffering to many. 1 Benedict Ashton ...read more.

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