• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main reasons for partition within Ireland

Extracts from this document...


Why was there conflict in Northern Ireland before 1960? Many events happened to lead up to the splitting of Ireland and conflict from the catholic war, with William of orange to the guerrilla war between IRA (Irish republican army) and with English army and Protestants. The more recent events that occurred in Ireland caused the separation of the country. The earliest was the Easter rising, when during the first world war Irish rebels took control off public buildings in Dublin, they were executed without trial, subsequently many Irish people fighting for England felt betrayed, and people living in Britain felt sorry for Ireland, the people killed were seen as martyrs. 2 years after the incident in Dublin the unpopular Sinn Fein (created by Eamon de Valera Sinn Fein Gaelic for "Ourselves alone") ...read more.


The Anglo Irish war or The Irish war of independence occurred during 1919 - 1921. The IRA became a little too powerful and corrupt they did bitter killings in Northern Ireland killing many English and Irish protestants. They were doing this to "discourage" any Unionists gatherings; this ultimately led to the Black and tans. The group of IRA hunting army called "The black and Tans." (They got their name as many ex-militants from ww1 joined them and there was not enough uniform to go around, they were also predominantly Protestants). The were ruthless "shoot first, questions later" group, they burnt house to the ground, tortured civilians for IRA information and did open massacres, the famous one being the attack in a football stadium killing twelve Irishmen. ...read more.


The final decision, The Partition was formed to solve the fighting, the terrorist attacks and needless bitter killing. In December 1921 England came up with the idea that Ireland will have two different parliaments, one for the six counties of Ulster and the 26 counties of Ireland. Unionists and nationalists disapproved and reluctantly accepted. De Valera a Sinn Fein representative told all members of the Dail Eireann (Irish Parliament) not to accept the Treaty, but Michael Collins the IRA leader signed the treaty and said " will anyone be satisfied at the bargain? I tell you this early in the morning I signed my death warrant" this came true as he died in the civil was between those who opposed the treaty and those who were for it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And it was they who were engaged in the civil war against the majority of the community, it was they who argued that you do not lay down your weapons, it was they who refused to take any oath of allegiance to the monarchy in Britain.

  2. What Were the Characteristics of Ulster Unionism From the 1880's Until The Partition?

    "The bill was greeted by severe rioting in Belfast. Sectarian violence was no novelty in the city, but the 1886 riots were the worst the city had seen" (Irelands Eye) The area where unionism was the strongest, namely Ulster, had a great number of industries, which depended on Britain as

  1. The destruction of Ireland.

    Wolfe Tone believed in a United Ireland even though he was a Protestant, the British felt threatened by this. In 1794 Wolfe Tone fled to France, got support and returned in 1798 with a total of 15,000 people. Due to bad weather Wolfe Tone could not land which led to him being captured and imprisoned.

  2. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    It all stems back to Tudor times reformation and plantation where King Henry viii started to dissolve the catholic monasteries. This was taking place in Ireland at the same time as an intensified campaign to promote Protestantism, so you can see why reformation made slow progress there.

  1. Ireland coursework-Part AIreland has had a lot of trouble over the years for many ...

    Both seem very unlikely especially the latter because of the lack of trust that unionists have in Sinn Fein because of the links they have with the IRA. So the more likely solution will be that the IRA decommission

  2. The Real IRA

    The reasons for Irish terror could be listed ad infinitum, but one example continues to stand out to many. According to White, the name of English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell "still stirs hatred" among the Irish, 350 years after his massacre of thousands of Irish Catholics.

  1. Northern Irelandsince c.1960 - questions and answers

    Whereas if you were a single person with several properties under your name, your vote would have counted for more than one, or even several amounts. This discriminated against Catholics as they were poorer than Protestants due to employment discrimination towards them.

  2. What are the main differences between the believes of the Unionists and the Nationalists?

    When food began to run out people started to eat cats, dogs, mice, candles and leather to stay alive. Thousands died of disease. Still they did not surrender. On 28 July British ships sailed up the river Foyle to the rescue. The siege of Londonderry was over after 15 weeks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work