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The Mongol Empire was significantly larger than any previous Inner Asian Empire

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The intriguing story about the Mongolian empire ranks as one of the most extraordinary chapters of the world history, the Mongols (inhabitants of Mongolia proper) numbering no more than one and a half million ended up ruling a hundred million people. The superiority of the Mongols over the other Inner Asian Empires can be attributed to their astute leadership - essentially of Chingis Khan and to their dominant army - both in terms of tactics and physical strength. Before the Mongols would invade a country, they would send spies in to find out information about the leaders and people, roads, cities, good ambush points and strengths and weaknesses of the armies and forts (Saunders p.65). No other army of the time used this type of information gathering, instead preferred to just charge in. In sharp contrast to the other steppe conquerors, Chingis (xyz) was not primarily guided by greed and material riches or other allurements of the world. ...read more.


Furthermore to ensure that the foes do not rise against him, Chingis took under his control the interior lines of Central Asia (Saunders p.66), thus disabling the contact between the rivals, so that China, for example, could not ally with Persia or Russia. In addition, Chingis used trade both as a means to generate revenue via customs duties and to bind together different regions won by the Mongol sword. To bolster trade he made the highways of Asia as secure as possible and made rest houses on the way. The transition of power in Mongol empire was rather smooth as compared to other empires of the time. In Mongol empire the power was transferred through kuriltai (assembly) in which nobles of the whole empire had their say, since the new leader required the consensus of the kuriltai, the differences were minimal if not completely eliminated. The Mongols enlisted military and other experts (craftsmen and engineers etc) from occupied areas (Saunders p.64), as a result, conquered fortified cities something that other nomads were not able to do. ...read more.


Furthermore they also had keen physical senses and highly developed intuition, they could discern smoke from fire at very great distances and if the weather conditions were favorable they could see people and horses at a distance of 25 Km, this certainly gave them an upper hand in battles. (www.coldsiberia.org/webdoc5.htm) In addition they were endowed with powers of endurance not seen else where in history. On minimum of food they would continue to ride for weeks, under such circumstances, they frequently resorted to drinking blood of their horses. The Mongols wore silk shirts under their amour which gave them additional protection, since the silk holds together, it prevented the poison tipped arrow to penetrate the bloodstream - an innovation unique to the Mongols. (www.coldsiberia.org/monmight.htm) The Mongols were no doubt an intelligent, culturally rich and militarily powerful people. Nevertheless, their incisive leadership and dominant army proved inadequate to counteract the centrifugal forces that eventually tore the empire apart. Religious differences appeared soon, followed by the political ones and sedentary influence proved detrimental for the Mongol Empire. However, the Mongol Empire, while it lasted, was indeed the largest land based Empire in the world. ...read more.

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