• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10

The Policies of Joseph Stalin 1928 1953

Extracts from this document...


Coursework Unit: Russia 1905 - 1953 The Policies of Joseph Stalin 1928 - 1953 1. Study sources, A, B and C. Do these sources give similar or different impressions of Stalin? Sources A and B give a similar perspective of Stalin; they both illustrate positive images of Stalin. Source A shows Stalin is standing with workers in front of a newly opened hydroelectric plant this portrays him as being at the front of innovative and modern technology and leading the industrialisation in the USSR. The photograph clearly shows the success of industrialisation in the USSR and the successes of Stalin's Five Year Plans. The photograph indicates Stalin was a "friend of the people", since the workers beside him seem to be very happy to be with him and to talk with him. Stalin has been dressed in white clothes to make him stand out; the use of white depicts Stalin as being a God-like figure. The photograph is an official painting of Stalin in the 1930's; the era of Stalin's "absolute control". Stalin controlled all media stories and photographs; he manipulated this power and created an image he wanted the Soviet people to see of him. Therefore source A will obviously be in favour of Stalin and the Five Year Plans. The workers who Stalin is standing with are well dressed and are very "noble looking", when in fact workers worked in harsh conditions. Wages dropped between 1928 and 1937, this meant workers had a poor quality of life which makes it very unlikely that the workers in the photograph could afford those clothes. Many people were pleased to see Stalin but most of the working population hated him because the Gosplan created impossible targets for them to meet during the Five Year Plans; which resulted in the workers working the uninterrupted week. Food was rationed so if a worker did not meet their targets for the day they would not receive a sufficient meal. ...read more.


Which of these two sources gives the most reliable view of Stalin? Source I is an extract from a speech given to the Congress of Soviets in 1935. The extract thanks Stalin and uses Biblical language throughout. The speech is full of praise and flattery of Stalin "his strength, his charm, his greatness." The speech was published in a paper of the Communist Party in the USSR. Therefore the source is likely to be biased and pro Stalin. This is obvious because it was published in 1935, when Stalin had absolute power over all media and official documents. Stalin would not allow negative press to be published about him. This is what created his cult of personality. Source I uses biblical language, which portrays Stalin as a "God-like" man: "men of all ages will call thy name" The source could be fake to show how brilliant Stalin is. However there is a slight possibility of truth in the extract; this is because the people in the Soviet Union genuinely loved Stalin. This was a result of his control and propaganda. Stalin's cult of personality created a heroic and idealized public image. The language is extremely "over the top" and exaggerates how brilliant Stalin was: "I have experience a great desire to sing out, to shout with joy and happiness." Source J, is an extract from a speech given by Bukharin in 1936. It was given in Paris, outside the USSR and Stalin's control. The source is more reliable than source I for this reason; Stalin could not censor Bukharin's speech. It is also more reliable because Bukharin knew and worked with Stalin, this source is written by someone who had a firsthand experience with Stalin. Although Bukharin was a supporter of Stalin in the "Stalin vs. Trotsky" power struggle; he became a victim of Stalin's purges in 1938. He was imprisoned after Stalin succeeded in the position of "Supreme Leader". ...read more.


Stalin is drawn as the judge, the jury and the lawyer. He is also shown as the stenographer, writing the official records showing the complete "absurdity of [his] rule". Many historians agree Stalin had too much power and he could even re-write the history. After Trotsky was purged he used propaganda to depict his as a German spy and a monster. However, sources F, G and H all show Stalin genuinely cared about education and so launched the education provision. Source F states the achievements of this policy and how successful it was: "victory over the traditional peasant curse of illiteracy. This affected 75% of the population in 1917 but was rare by 1939." Source G is a biased photograph published in the USSR during Stalin's reign. However it still shows the success of Stalin's policy, all the boys are disciplined and are being educated in a clean and well resourced school. Although it is very unlikely all schools were up to the same standard, it shows the education provision was a success. Source H shows the change Stalin wanted in all regions. The peasant family is being taught how to read and write; another step towards eliminating illiteracy. Although it is an official poster and biased; it does show how the "victory over the traditional peasant curse of illiteracy" was won. Sources D and I are irrelevant because they describe Stalin as a man and not his policies. Source D shows he had an "evil side" but also that he was a "gifted politician and one of the greatest political figures of the twentieth century." Source I states how power corrupted him: "Absolute power turned a ruthless politician into a monstrous tyrant." Source I is biased but could be true because it illustrates the cult of personality Stalin created. The biblical language used and God-like portrayal show it is pro-Stalin. ?? ?? ?? ?? Pavan Aulak History Coursework 11AV Mrs Absolon ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    He used propaganda once again to preach the public that industrialisation was patriotic, this encouraged workers to work for their motherland and to help their motherland to come up through the ranks and be part of the industrialisation process. Stalin removed Trotsky, the Left party the Right Party were in

  2. How successful were Stalins Economic Policies?

    Conditions for work were especially bad on major projects such as the Moscow Underground - people worked on it even through the bitter Russia winters, resulting in many freezing to death. For instance it is estimated that around 100,000 people died during the construction of the Belomor Canal.

  1. Why did Stalin introduce collectivisation and what were the consequences of his policies?

    accordingly believed that this legislation subdued the establishment of a truly communist agrarian society. Hence, with fixed wages and procurement quotas from Gosplan, he believed that he could debilitate the prosperity of affluent peasants called kulaks (who flourished as they could sell surplus grain and other minor assets)

  2. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    men, including almost all its senior staff and commanders on the eve of major war with Germany. McCauley claims that the need to fulfil targets was a reason which helps explains the scope of the terror as the security forces were under pressure to achieve ever-increasing targets of arrests in order to avoid suspicion themselves12.

  1. Stalin Man or Monster

    Stalin is praised in the whole source; an example is "Generations to come will regard us as the happiest of people because we lived in the same century as Stalin, because we were privileged to see Stalin, our inspired leader."

  2. How did Stalin control Russia from 1924-1953?

    was the reason the Bolsheviks came to power after the 1917 Revolution. Stalin made himself look as if he was as important to Russia's history as Lenin was, and many pictures showed them as friends, even though they rarely met.

  1. These three sources do not all give the same impression of Stalin. Source A ...

    Source F is a speech made by Bukharin in Paris. Bukharin supported Stalin against Trotsky as Lenin's successor, but later fell into disgrace in 1929 and was a victim of Stalin's purges in 1938. Bukharin obviously worked very closely with Stalin and so therefore knew what he was like.

  2. Assess the Impact Stalin Had On Russia and Its People Stalin came to ...

    The state would determine what would be produced, when, where and how. To organize this sort of planning the five year plans were adopted. Gosplan, the state planning agency, carried out the detailed planning of the economy. Gosplan set huge production targets that were practically unreachable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work